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Towards a phenomenology of the ‘visible’ in criminal justice
Matthew R. Draper
David Polizzi

49 3 Matthew R. Draper and David Polizzi Regurgitating the media image: towards a phenomenology of the ‘visible’ in criminal justice Introduction In his attempt to conceptualise the phenomenology of the photographic image, Hubert Damisch (1980) described the photograph as a cultural object situated within a very specific historical frame of reference. He continued by observing: The photographic image does not belong to the natural world. It is a product of human labor, a cultural object whose being –​in the phenomenological sense of the term –​cannot be

in Law in popular belief
Understanding perceptions of Muslims in the news

This book considers how the coverage of Islam and Muslims in the press informs the thoughts and actions of non-Muslims. As media plays an important role in society, analysing its influence(s) on a person’s ideas and conceptualisations of people with another religious persuasion is important. News reports commonly feature stories discussing terrorism, violence, the lack of integration and compatibility, or other unwelcome or irrational behaviour by Muslims and Islam. Yet there is little research on how non-Muslims actually engage with, and are affected by, such reports. To address this gap, a content and discourse analysis of news stories was undertaken; verbal narratives or thoughts and actions of participants were then elicited using interviews and focus groups. The participant accounts point towards the normativity of news stories and their negotiated reception patterns. Individual orientations towards the media as an information source proved to be a significant factor behind the importance of news reports, with individually negotiated personal encounters with Muslims or Islam further affecting the meaning-making process. Participants negotiated media reports to fit their existing outlook on Islam and Muslims. This outlook was constructed through, and simultaneously supported by, news reports about Muslims and Islam. The findings suggest a co-dependency and co-productivity between news reports and participant responses. This research clearly shows that participant responses are (re)productions of local and personal contextuality, where the consequences of socially constructed depictions of Islam and Muslims engage rather than influence individual human thoughts and actions.

Aphra Kerr
Rebecca King-O’Riain
, and
Gavan Titley

3995 Migrations.qxd:text 5/8/13 11:39 Page 98 5 Transnational media networks and the ‘migration nation’ Aphra Kerr, Rebecca King-O’Riain and Gavan Titley Introduction: transnationalism and ‘integration’ While migration has become emblematic of an era of accelerated globalization in Ireland, public and political discourse rarely approaches migration and migrant lives with the same attention to connexity and flow evident in discussions of economic transformation, national ‘brand management’, and the banal and aspirational transnationalism of consumerist

in Migrations
Barrie Gunter

5 Branding potential of online social media When it comes to eating Nestle’s Polo Mints, do you suck them or crunch them? On a website created by the company, visitors are invited to click on whether they see themselves as one type or the other ( They are then directed to join fellow ‘Suckers’ or ‘Crunchers’ on a social media site. These two types of fans of the brand could then exchange brand experiences with each other. The Wrigley’s Extra website ( provides access to a social media community in which

in Kids and branding in a digital world
Laurens de Rooij

This research offers an important discussion of the audience's perspectives and reactions to their experience of Muslims and Islam in the media. Emerging clearly are a number of issues related to current media practices, including the importance of media on daily lived experiences, and the negotiation of meaning by participants in their media practices. Often the dominant issue in the news is Muslim terrorism and violence. This is consequently considered to be an important subject among the participants, and that is commensurable with their

in Islam in British media discourses
Paddy Hoey

1 Northern Ireland, the public sphere and activist media The appearance of a political journal and its survival was equivalent to involvement in the struggle over the range of freedom to be granted to public opinion and over publicity as a principle.1 In May 2013 a tweet sent by the author of this book contributed to a minor controversy involving Sinn Féin and the BBC. A picture taken at a recording of the BBC’s flagship debate programme, Question Time, that week being hosted in Belfast, showed a floor plan for the panel of guests that appeared to link Sinn

in Shinners, Dissos and Dissenters
Piracy and symbiosis in the cultural industries
Maurice Roche

3 The digital age, media sport and mega-events: piracy and symbiosis in the cultural industries What are the implications of the digital age and new media for media sport and the mediation of sport mega-events like the Olympics? We began to address this question in the preceding chapter and in this one we explore it further. Whereas the previous chapter focused more on the internet’s positive implications, in this one we are more concerned with the threat and realities of the internet’s negative implications. However we return to consider the more positive

in Mega-events and social change
Institutions and the challenges of refugee governance
Dalia Abdelhady

7 Dalia Abdelhady Media constructions of the refugee crisis in Sweden: institutions and the challenges of refugee governance In an article entitled ‘The Death of the Most Generous Nation on Earth’, American journalist James Traub (2016) claims that ‘The vast migration of desperate souls from Syria, Iraq, and elsewhere has posed a moral test the likes of which Europe has not faced since the Nazis forced millions from their homes in search of refuge. Europe has failed that test.’ Sweden stands out as an exception in Traub’s analysis due to the country’s generous

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe
Laurens de Rooij

Muslims to ones of white hegemony, nationalism, imperialism, and the place of minorities in Britain as one that should be defined by the pre-existing population and not by the minorities themselves. Edward Said stated in 1987 that there were a number of essential themes associated with Muslims. 2 We can conclude that when it comes to Muslims in the British media today some of those same tropes are still currently used. I will discuss the ones most common in my research here. Even

in Islam in British media discourses
Regina E. Rauxloh

69 4 Regina E. Rauxloh ‘Kony is so last month’ –​lessons from social media stunt ‘Kony 2012’ Introduction The role of the International Criminal Court (ICC) is to bring those responsible for committing the most serious crimes to justice when no domestic court is willing or able to do so. Although as of 2015, the Court has as many as 123 member states, one of its most crippling weaknesses is its lack of enforcement power.1 The ICC is entirely dependent on the co-​operation of national states, whether it is for enabling investigation by permitting entry into a

in Law in popular belief