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Chandrika Kaul

Introduction That media is central to John MacKenzie’s intellectual interests is apparent from any reading of his first two foundational books in the Studies in Imperialism series, as well as from his subsequent writings (and indeed the works of several other contributors to the Series). It is also explicitly acknowledged in early mission statements, where we read how the

in Writing imperial histories
The promotion of British and French colonial heroes, 1870–1939
Author: Berny Sèbe

Imperial heroes embodied the symbolic implementation of the colonial project and performed a highly mythologized meeting between conquerors and conquered. They were a crucial element of the 'European encounter with Africa' that took place as part of the Scramble for Africa. The book explores systematically the multiple outlets through which heroes of the British and French empires were celebrated, how their reputations were made over several decades and who sustained them. It looks at the general socio-cultural and political trends prevalent in Britain and France, and considers micro-economic tendencies and technological developments in the cultural industry that the development of legends revolving around imperial heroes. The book allows the reader to grasp the variety of print and audiovisual media, genres and formats through which meanings were conveyed, allowing imperial heroes to reach a 'public presence'. Two major aspects invested imperial heroes with a role in society. First is the use of their image as political argument or their own political roles. The other is the values that they embodied through their own personal dedication above and beyond the call of duty. The book presents the micro-histories of the making of the legends surrounding the figures of Major Jean-Baptiste Marchand and the Sirdar Kitchener. It details how a war correspondent George Warrington Steevens, and a publisher, Blackwood and Sons, converted the fall of Khartoum to market 'With Kitchener to Khartoum' as patriotic writing.

Colonial war played a vital part in transforming the reputation of the military and placing it on a standing equal to that of the navy. The book is concerned with the interactive culture of colonial warfare, with the representation of the military in popular media at home, and how these images affected attitudes towards war itself and wider intellectual and institutional forces. It sets out to relate the changing image of the military to these fundamental facts. For the dominant people they were an atavistic form of war, shorn of guilt by Social Darwinian and racial ideas, and rendered less dangerous by the increasing technological gap between Europe and the world. Attempts to justify and understand war were naturally important to dominant people, for the extension of imperial power was seldom a peaceful process. The entertainment value of war in the British imperial experience does seem to have taken new and more intensive forms from roughly the middle of the nineteenth century. Themes such as the delusive seduction of martial music, the sketch of the music hall song, powerful mythic texts of popular imperialism, and heroic myths of empire are discussed extensively. The first important British war correspondent was William Howard Russell (1820-1907) of The Times, in the Crimea. The 1870s saw a dramatic change in the representation of the officer in British battle painting. Up to that point it was the officer's courage, tactical wisdom and social prestige that were put on display.

Amnesty International in Australia
Jon Piccini

, print media, a more strategic approach’ – to ‘ arouse compassion’. 23 Yet they shared two key commonalities from the colonial era: a continuation of racialised ideologies, whereby ‘volunteers were bound by colonial assumptions, even as they sought to overturn them’, and heavily religious motivations. 24 Amnesty International was born into an increasingly crowded field jockeying for the attentions of charitable Australians

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Sentiment and affect in mid-twentiethcentury development volunteering
Agnieszka Sobocinska

colonialism was always a fantasy. But it was an appealing fantasy with wide purchase: depictions of volunteers in the British media routinely emphasised volunteers’ capacities to build friendships across boundaries of race and nation. 25 Where the Volunteer Graduate Scheme placed the stress on ‘identification’, Alec Dickson emphasised love as the emotional register of the VSO experience. Dickson believed that foreign aid

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
The case of Rosemary Taylor, Elaine Moir and Margaret Moses
Joy Damousi

synonymous with the children she rescued. The Melbourne Herald called them ‘Rosemary’s babies’. 18 Taylor’s efforts in Vietnam with child refugees and orphanages became a media sensation. After two months Taylor decided to become an independent volunteer, because of what she believed were incompetent bureaucracies. She went to Phu My, an orphanage and a hospital near Saigon, and worked there until

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Trevor Harris

Repatriation, as a process and as a practice, has become increasingly familiar in recent decades, both as a general topic of discussion in the media and as an academic research area. In the United Kingdom, for instance, among the aspects which have become prominent have been the complex of problems – practical, financial, ethical – surrounding refugees and displaced populations; the situation of illegal and/or clandestine migrants; calls for the repatriation of ancestral human remains (but also artefacts) from, for example, museum collections

in Exiting war
Material culture approaches to exploring humanitarian exchanges
Amanda B. Moniz

culture of American philanthropy include Teresa A. Goddu, Selling Antislavery: Abolition and Mass Media in Antebellum New York (Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2020); Beverly Gordon, Bazaars and Fair Ladies: The History of the American Fundraising Fair (Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1998). See also Anne M. Boylan, Sunday School: The Formation of an American

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Three centuries of Anglophone humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism
Trevor Burnard, Joy Damousi, and Alan Lester

collection examines the role of material culture in transatlantic humanitarian discourse, has modified Haskell by suggesting that his interpretation is too narrowly focused – capitalism was important but not overwhelmingly so in creating a humanitarian sensibility in the aftermath of the Seven Years War. Moniz among others insists that change was not revolutionary but gradual and was influenced by the development of a booming print media from the

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Alan Lester

with an eye to national atonement for British actions in the Caribbean, which were successfully orchestrated and represented in the new media of antislavery and missionary press as sinful in the wake of the loss of the American colonies. 15 Following the abolition of the slave trade in 1807, the focus of antislavery campaigners turned to the ending of slavery itself. This second antislavery campaign would continue for nearly

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995