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The growth of legal consciousness from Magna Carta to the Peasants’ Revolt

This book is intended as both a history of judicial developments in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries and as a contribution to the intellectual history of the period. The dates 1215 and 1381 mark significant turning points in English history. The product of legal culture and experiences, 'legal consciousness' can be seen both as an active element shaping people's values, beliefs and aspirations and also as a passive agent providing a reserve of knowledge, memory and reflective thought, influencing not simply the development of the law and legal system, but also political attitudes. Focusing on the different contexts of law and legal relations, the book aims to shift the traditional conceptual boundaries of 'law', portraying both the law's inherent diversity and its multi-dimensional character. By offering a re-conceptualisation of the role of the law in medieval England, the book aims to engage the reader in new ways of thinking about the political events occurring during these centuries. It considers the long-term effects of civil lawyer, Master John Appleby's encounter with forces questioning royal government and provides a new explanation for the dangerous state of affairs faced by the boy-king during the Peasants' Revolt over a century and a half later. The book puts forward the view that the years subsequent to the signing of Magna Carta yielded a new (and shifting) perspective, both in terms of prevailing concepts of 'law' and 'justice' and with regard to political life in general.

Hybridity of environment in Bald’s Leechbook
Lori Ann Garner

treated in connection with congenital deafness, its relative omission here is hardly surprising. Evidence outside the medical texts, however, suggests that such deafness was met, at least in some documented instances, with compassion and acceptance. Beyond Bald’s Leechbook The insights from Bald’s Leechbook offer meaningful context for references to hearing and deafness outside the medical texts as well. As we shall see, early medieval law codes, for instance, show support for those experiencing deafness or

in Hybrid healing
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The problem of exemplary shame
Mary C. Flannery

potential for rape existed in medieval law as well as in literature. As Barbara Hanawalt has observed in her study of crime in early fourteenth-century England, a woman's social condition could affect the probability of her attacker's indictment for rape: ‘If the woman involved was a young girl, a virgin, or a noble or very high status woman, indictment was likely. But if she was of low status or some slur could be put upon her, the jury would not indict or the case would end in acquittal.’  26 (A similar link may still be

in Practising shame
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Phillipp R. Schofield

Ian Blanchard on the occasion of his 70th Birthday (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2012), pp. 77–88; also P.R. Schofield, ‘Peasant debt in English manorial courts: form and nature’, in Julie-Mayade Claustr, ed., Endettement privé et justice au Moyen Age (Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 2007), pp. 55–67. 35 A. Musson, Medieval law in context. The growth of legal consciousness from Magna Carta to the Peasants’ Revolt (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2001), pp. 84–134. 36 See above, Chapter 7, pp

in Peasants and historians