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Politics, values, and in/exclusionary practices in assisted reproduction
Izabella Main

Introduction This chapter analyses politics, values, and areas of inclusionary/exclusionary practices in reproductive healthcare experienced by Polish migrant women in a few European destinations. The post-2004 Polish migration to EU countries has to a large extent transformed from flexible, temporal sojourns to long-term or permanent settlement 1 (White 2011 , Okólski 2012 , Slany et al. 2018 ). This process often coincides with and is reinforced by starting a family in

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Polish and Italian mothers in Norway
Lise Widding Isaksen and Elżbieta Czapka

* All participants’ names are pseudonyms Ten semi-structured interviews with Italian females were part of the project ‘Morality, Mobility and Migration: Comparing Cultures of Care in Norway and Italy’ (2012–2016). The interviewees were all Italian women who had come to Norway to study, work and/or raise a family in the period between 2008 and 2013. Five became mothers after moving to Norway, and the data presented here come from interviews with them

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Gender, reproduction, regulation

This book is a collection of chapters by anthropologists and other social scientists concerned with gendered labour, care, intimacy, and sexuality, in relation to mobility and the hardening of borders in Europe. After a brief introduction outlining the themes and individual contributions, the book begins with a chapter focusing on the parallels between regulation of geo-political and material borders separating nation states and other areas, and ideological and classificatory boundaries categorising kinds of people and bodies. This framing chapter is followed by three sections. The first comprises ethnographic and phenomenological case studies of gendered migration experience, in the context of intimate relations of care and marriage. The second section continues with an continuous with an ethnographic emphasis, but focuses more on studies of regulation, agency, and activism in contexts of migration, labour, and/or (biological) reproduction and how migrants navigate social services in their destination countries. The final section shifts emphasis more in the direction of conceptual discussion and contains analyses of state and church regulation of bodies, sexualities, reproduction and knowledge practices, and of different regimes of care. Overall, a major aim of the book is to illuminate processes of inclusion and exclusion generated by and around borders and boundaries, and the processes by which they are reproduced and/or contested.

Looking at marriage migration regimes in Austria and Germany through the perspective of women from rural Kosovo
Carolin Leutloff-Grandits

Introduction For most non-EU citizens, marriage migration establishes one of the few possibilities to move to countries within the European Union. Unlike other migration options, in which the citizenship of the migrant and/or the needs of the local labour market are taken as the main measurement for the right to enter the EU and to achieve residency rights within the destination country, the right to family migration is – among other things – bound to the individual membership of the sponsor in society – in legal as well as

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Narratives of Ukrainian solo female migrants in Italy
Olena Fedyuk

youth’ to an ‘old Italian’ man without any attempt to marry him, or would that just classify as a good care work? And would a Ukrainian newspaper dare to write about Maria's Italian lover if he was not to become her husband? Based on interviews and ethnographic research with Ukrainian female domestic workers in Italy, this chapter looks into an often taboo topic – intimate, romantic, and sexual relations formed in the course of migration by women migrating alone. These relations are often seen as a side product of ‘proper care

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
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Borders, ticking clocks and timelessness among temporary labour migrants in Israel
Robin A. Harper and Hani Zubida

minds would be impossible, and with that, all life together.’ Cross-border migration offers an interesting challenge to these naturalised views of shared time structures. Due to transnationalism, nostalgia and cultural difference, migrants exist both according to local temporal norms and home-country timescapes. In this simultaneity, time is not linear but layered, with competing, sometimes contradictory strains, imaging home while living in the new rhythms of the receiving state. This is a normal result of transnationalism and common to all immigrants (Cwerner 2001

in Migrating borders and moving times
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Diversity and ambivalence of transnational care trajectories within postsocialist migration experience
Petra Ezzeddine and Hana Havelková

Introduction In this chapter, we will analyse how specific transnational care practices are reflected in the personal life trajectories of women with migration and refugee experience in a postsocialist context in the contemporary Czech Republic. Our aim is to investigate the influence of gendered norms and expectations on women's transnational care practices and their feelings of care obligation, and to explore specific coping strategies for dealing with practical and emotional challenges arising from contradictory

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe
Carolin Leutloff-Grandits

6 New pasts, presents and futures: time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe Carolin Leutloff-Grandits For many families in Kosovo, migration is an integral part of life. This is true even if they do not themselves migrate but, rather, seem ‘stuck’ in a village such as the one in south Kosovo where I conducted fieldwork between 2011 and 2013.1 In fact, in this village, and throughout almost all of Kosovo, there is what one might term a ‘culture’ of migration. Every person has close family members who are living or have lived

in Migrating borders and moving times
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Migrant prehistory
Paul Carter

east–west course each evening for years after their ancient rookery had been destroyed. In this regard the greatest proof that the impulse to flight was internal was the phenomenon of migration, the seasonal evacuation of the coppices and lakes, the seasonal resurrection of song, so often prefigured in the sighting of the first spring swallow insouciantly skimming the water. Whether incubated on the cricket field as projectile probabilities or through days of binocular-assisted projections of flight into the clearing

in Translations, an autoethnography
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Creative belonging
Paul Carter

Negotiating return to the old country is one thing, but the migrant's immediate and abiding challenge is to find a place in the new country. The antinomies of old and new can be softened when the phenomenon of multiple migrations is acknowledged; and the obvious, but little remarked, fact that Australian Aboriginal creation stories invariably explain the present form of the environment in terms of journeys begun far elsewhere, is another consideration that brings into question the automatic identification of sovereignty with the identitarian

in Translations, an autoethnography