Borders and images in migration narratives published in Norwegian
limits between snow and sky is exchanged for the sublime – but strikingly reassuring – juxtaposition of sea and mountains, pointing to similar evocations in other migration narratives, such as those of Romeo Gill and Sara Azmeh Rasmussen, which I will address below. However, as a highly affective and symbolic mobilisation of stereotypes of Northernness, Amelie's description is surprisingly atypical. Most migration narratives like hers published in Norwegian, dealing with first- or so-called 1.5-generation migrants (born abroad but growing up in Norway), tend to avoid
This interdisciplinary volume explores the role of images and representation in different borderscapes. It provides fresh insight into the ways in which borders, borderscapes and migration are imagined and narrated by offering new ways to approach the political aesthetics of the border. The case studies in the volume contribute to the methodological renewal of border studies and present ways of discussing cultural representations of borders and related processes. The case studies address the role of borders in narrative and images in literary texts, political and popular imagery, surveillance data, video art and survivor testimonies in a highly comparative range of geographical contexts ranging from northern Europe, via Mediterranean and Mexican–US borderlands to Chinese borderlands. The disciplinary approaches include critical theory, literary studies, social anthropology, media studies and political geography. The volume argues that borderlands and border-crossings (such as those by migrants) are present in public discourse and more private, everyday experience. This volume addresses their mediation through various stories, photographs, films and other forms. It suggests that narratives and images are part of the borderscapes in which border-crossings and bordering processes take place, contributing to the negotiation of borders in the public sphere. As the case studies show, narratives and images enable identifying various top-down and bottom-up discourses to be heard and make visible different minority groups and constituencies.
In twenty-first-century Chinese cities there are hundreds of millions of rural
migrants who are living temporary lives, suspended between urban and rural
China. They are the unsung heroes of the country’s ‘economic miracle’, yet are
regarded as second-class citizens in both a cultural, material and legal sense.
China’s citizenship challenge tells the story of how civic organisations set up
by some of these rural migrants challenge this citizenship marginalisation. The
book argues that in order to effectively address the problems faced by migrant
workers, these NGOs must undertake ‘citizenship challenge’: the transformation
of migrant workers’ social and political participation in public life, the
broadening of their access to labour and other rights, and the reinvention of
their relationship to the city. By framing the NGOs’ activism in terms of
citizenship rather than class struggle, this book offers a valuable contribution
to the field of labour movement studies in China. The monograph also proves
exceptionally timely in the context of the state’s repression of these
organisations in recent years, which, as the book explores, was largely driven
by their citizenship-altering activism.
displacement of people and their reterritorialisation, but also applies to their means of travel and the public transformation of ideology about these people in recent cultural or political theory. Finally, the journeys undertaken by the writers and artists discussed here, most of whom were migrants, gains critical force through the aesthetic techniques used in novels, and plays, as well as reportage.
Migration and the figure of the migrant as visible to others and as the Other became problematic starting in the early decades of the twentieth century
Images of the ‘Jungle’ in Breach by Olumide Popoola and Annie Holmes
outskirts of Calais, France. The ‘Jungle’, home to ten thousand people at the time of its closing in October 2016, is portrayed in the recent short story collection Breach ( 2016 ) by the Nigerian German writer Olumide Popoola and the originally South African author Annie Holmes that is the focus of this chapter. Through fictional narratives telling of forced migrants crossing into Europe and inhabiting the ‘Jungle’, Breach addresses diverse aspects related to migration to Europe and Britain. Its stories, each one written by one author, not in collaboration, emphasise
Citizenship challenge, social inequality and the insecure state
NGOs use the existing law, including migrant workers’ Chinese nationality status, in a process of claiming their right to the city and arguing for an end to discrimination against rural migrants, highlights the different tools that domestic and transnational migrants have at their disposal. China's case demonstrates that the language of citizenship is perhaps more often employed in the struggles of domestic migrant workers than in the context of transnational migrations. These insights contribute to studies of the space–migration nexus in the field of critical
Testimonies of survival and rescue at Europe’s border
Karina Horsti and Ilaria Tucci
: quantifying demonstrates the many , the masses of the dead. In recent years, International Organization for Migration, Frontex and several academics have compiled lists and developed methods of counting border deaths. Quantification, in other words, has become the dominant way of representing border deaths.
Scholars have also criticised the nature of the knowledge acquired by fatality metrics. Martina Tazzioli ( 2015 ) argues that counting reinforces a governmental gaze at the border by creating a sense that the border and its fatality are merely issues
Urban transformation and public health in future cities
Michael Keith and Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos
’ through city-based hukou and migrants to the city, although the pace of migration to the cities generally exceeds the pace of hukou reform, generating ongoing distinctions between rural to urban migrants and urban ‘citizens’ (Wu, 2016 ). But the logic driving the changes was not economic alone. When development reached the point where the health burden switched from communicable to chronic diseases – in China as elsewhere – the logics of the health infrastructure changed likewise, and the need for a dominant network of primary care hospitals was reshaped by
to the Irish housing bubble.
From the early 1990s, Ireland experienced a significant transformation of
its demographic profile, coupling natural population growth with a reversal
in migration trends. In 2004, the population exceeded four million for the
first time since 1871 (Kitchin and Bartley, 2007: 1) and between 1991 and
2006, it increased by over 20 per cent from 3.53 million to 4.24 million (CSO,
2006). This population growth occurred in parallel with increased household
fragmentation. The resultant need for new housing was shaped
Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city examines how urban health and wellbeing are shaped by migration, mobility, racism, sanitation and gender. Adopting a global focus, spanning Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America, the essays in this volume bring together a wide selection of voices that explore the interface between social, medical and natural sciences. This interdisciplinary approach, moving beyond traditional approaches to urban research, offers a unique perspective on today’s cities and the challenges they face. Edited by Professor Michael Keith and Dr Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos, this volume also features contributions from leading thinkers on cities in Brazil, China, South Africa and the United Kingdom. This geographic diversity is matched by the breadth of their different fields, from mental health and gendered violence to sanitation and food systems. Together, they present a complex yet connected vision of a ‘new biopolitics’ in today’s metropolis, one that requires an innovative approach to urban scholarship regardless of geography or discipline. This volume, featuring chapters from a number of renowned authors including the former deputy mayor of Rio de Janeiro Luiz Eduardo Soares, is an important resource for anyone seeking to better understand the dynamics of urban change. With its focus on the everyday realities of urban living, from health services to public transport, it contains valuable lessons for academics, policy makers and practitioners alike.