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Rikki Ducornet’s surrealist ecology
Kristoffer Noheden

dreamed worlds into shape that are ripe with the at once subversive and healing qualities of dreams and imagination. Attentive to the mysteries and poetry of nature, Ducornet's writings insert precise descriptions of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms in narratives bursting with heterodox knowledge. Writing in the tradition of such inventive authors as Jorge Luis Borges and Italo Calvino, Ducornet spins her novels as vast intertextual webs. Threading references to arcane teachings, such as alchemy, gnosticism, and myths, together with literary allusions

in Surrealist women’s writing
Virgin Queen and virgin land in Sir Walter Ralegh’s The Discoverie of the Large, Rich and Bewtiful Empyre of Guiana
Helen J. Burgess

resources of England (tin, timber, wool) displaced on to desire for Elizabeth’s body, which in turn was displaced on to the virgin body of Guiana. Nature without labour For Ralegh, Elizabeth’s virginity and the virginity of Guiana are linked as an image of wise management and sustainability of resources. Elizabeth, he argues

in Goddesses and Queens
Quarantine (1997) and Being Dead (1999)
Philip Tew

chap 4 27/7/06 8:19 am Page 115 4 Death, belief and nature: Quarantine (1997) and Being Dead (1999) Quarantine Quarantine is familiar Cracean territory with its rhythmic prose and allusive qualities. Crace says, “It is most like a folktale of all of my work, and most like a scriptural text.”1 Kermode describes it as a “novel-fable.” (8) As Gary Kamiya notes in ‘Quarantine,’ (1998) the central Biblical source is “Jesus’ 40–day ‘quarantine’ in the wilderness, described in Matthew 4:1–11,” (1) but as Richard Eder says in ‘Cavedweller,’ (1998) “Crace’s portrait

in Jim Crace
Heidi Hansson

3 Nature, education, and liberty in The Book of Gilly by Emily Lawless Heidi Hansson R epresentations of childhood in late Victorian and Edwardian ­writing   often reproduce a Romantic philosophy where the child is understood as possessing a freedom of spirit and contact with the senses that has been lost to adults. This has repercussions on the spaces the child occupies as well as the activities described, with the child frequently depicted in natural surroundings that stimulate imagination and play. Such a notion of childhood characterises, for example, R

in Irish women’s writing, 1878–1922
Megan G. Leitch

paradigms and manuals of health, and with widespread implications for understanding premodern literature. In medieval English culture, representations of sleep are shaped by its multifaceted relationship to nature and ideas of the natural. Sleep, here, is a form of medicine – a natural, appropriate and beneficial response to a matter of mental health. 6 Medicine, as a branch of natural philosophy (or science), 7 was sometimes called ‘magyk natureel’, as in Chaucer’s Portrait of the Physician in the ‘General

in Sleep and its spaces in Middle English literature
Open Access (free)
A Hollywood Love Story (as Written by James Baldwin)
D. Quentin Miller

Baldwin’s The Devil Finds Work (1976) has proven challenging since its publication because readers and critics have trouble classifying it. The challenge may be related to a common feature of Baldwin criticism, namely a tendency to compare late career works to early ones and to find them lacking: the experimental nature of later works of nonfiction like No Name in the Street (1972), The Devil Finds Work, and The Evidence of Things Not Seen (1985) does not square easily with the more conventional essays that made Baldwin famous in his early years. I attempt to reframe The Devil Finds Work not through a comparison to other Baldwin essays, but rather through a comparison to his fiction, specifically the novel Giovanni’s Room. I posit that a greater appreciation for Devil can result from thinking of it as a story, specifically the story of a failed love affair.

James Baldwin Review
An Interview with James Baldwin (1969)
Rich Blint
Nazar Büyüm

This is the first English language publication of an interview with James Baldwin (1924–87) conducted by Nazar Büyüm in 1969, Istanbul, Turkey. Deemed too long for conventional publication at the time, the interview re-emerged last year and reveals Baldwin’s attitudes about his literary antecedents and influences such as Richard Wright, Langston Hughes, and Countee Cullen; his views concerning the “roles” and “duties” of a writer; his assessment of his critics; his analysis of the power and message of the Nation of Islam; his lament about the corpses that are much of the history and fact of American life; an honest examination of the relationship of poor whites to American blacks; an interrogation of the “sickness” that characterizes Americans’ commitment to the fiction and mythology of “race,” as well as the perils and seductive nature of American power.

James Baldwin Review
James Baldwin’s Radicalism and the Evolution of His Thought on Israel
Nadia Alahmed

This article traces the evolution of James Baldwin’s discourse on the Arab–Israeli conflict as connected to his own evolution as a Black thinker, activist, and author. It creates a nuanced trajectory of the transformation of Baldwin’s thought on the Arab–Israeli conflict and Black and Jewish relations in the U.S. This trajectory is created through the lens of Baldwin’s relationship with some of the major radical Black movements and organizations of the twentieth century: Malcolm X, Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam, and, finally, the Black Power movement, especially the Black Panther Party. Using Baldwin as an example, the article displays the Arab–Israeli conflict as a terrain Black radicals used to articulate their visions of the nature of Black oppression in the U.S., strategies of resistance, the meaning of Black liberation, and articulations of Black identity. It argues that the study of Baldwin’s transformation from a supporter of the Zionist project of nation-building to an advocate of Palestinian rights and national aspirations reveals much about the ideological transformations of the larger Black liberation movement.

James Baldwin Review
Patsy Stoneman

chap 9 20/7/06 9:45 am Page 105 9 Cousin Phillis (1863) A tale of lost innocence (Keating, C: 30) Written almost simultaneously with Sylvia’s Lovers, Cousin Phillis seems like a reaction to the intractable problems of evolution, conflict and passion raised in that novel. Evading the problem of aggression, it presents not ‘nature red in tooth and claw’ but ‘man in harmony with nature’. Scarcely more than a short story, it has been called ‘almost perfect’ (Lerner: 16); ‘exquisite’ (Greenwood, ‘Conclusion’: WD: 650); ‘the most perfect story in the language

in Elizabeth Gaskell
Abstract only
W. G. Sebald as poet
George Szirtes

4003 Baxter-A literature:Layout 1 9/9/13 13:02 Page 42 2 ENCOUNTER AND CRY: W. G. SEBALD AS POET George Szirtes To clear one important matter out of the way, I do not read German, so this chapter is about W. G. Sebald’s poetry – that is to say For Years Now (2001), After Nature (2002) and Unrecounted (2004) – as it has been translated into English.1 In other words it is about Sebald–Hamburger, except in the case of For Years Now, where Sebald wrote the poems directly in English (the only example of this in all his oeuvre). For Years Now is an interesting

in A literature of restitution