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Challenges and technological solutions to the ­identification of individuals in mass grave scenarios in the modern context
Gillian Fowler and Tim Thompson

bones and nine heat and chemical maceration methods, replicated the results found by Steadman et al. and concluded that of the main maceration techniques, heat treatments of high temperatures and short duration produce the highest of levels of nuclear DNA amplification. The use of DNA for identifications in mass grave contexts has been used since the mid-1990s. Mitochondrial DNA profiles are more easily produced in ancient or degraded bones than nuclear DNA because it has a high copy number per cell.37 However, nuclear DNA is more useful in forensic identification

in Human remains and identification
Time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe
Carolin Leutloff-Grandits

patrilocality and seniority to being abroad in a nuclear family centred on children. This was a new spatial positioning. It changed social and temporal coordinates, putting those at home at the lower end of the scale, prioritising those abroad. The new ranking also found expression economically. As Alban, who had migrated in the 1990s and who had held refugee status for many years, put it: ‘I do not save as much as I did earlier, but I do not mind. I need money for my daughter. She says, “I want this and this.” She wants to go to McDonald’s and she needs clothes and she wants

in Migrating borders and moving times
The violent pursuit of cultural sovereignty during authoritarian rule in Argentina
Antonius C.G.M. Robben

nation’s cultural tradition was besieged by a guerrilla insurgency and a revolutionary ideology, thus challenging its political and cultural sovereignty with arms and ideas. According to the military, the Argentine state was endangered by infiltration and armed violence supported by foreign communist regimes, while the nation’s Western, Christian heritage was being corroded by revolutionary beliefs that did away with the nuclear family and paternal authority as bourgeois, private property as the exploitation of the proletariat, religion as an alienating ideology and

in Governing the dead
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Diversity and ambivalence of transnational care trajectories within postsocialist migration experience
Petra Ezzeddine and Hana Havelková

flee their home country in the 1990s with their children and husbands and who left their elderly parents at home. Those in the first group shuttle between two countries while their families remain back home in Ukraine, while those in the second were forced to live in a new country and to develop life strategies immediately for members of their own nuclear family in the Czech Republic. In our chapter we are looking at three postsocialist countries: Bosnia Herzegovina, Ukraine, and the Czech Republic. It is important to emphasise that neither the

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Open Access (free)
Tracing relatedness and diversity in the Albanian–Montenegrin borderland
Jelena Tošić

. In the manner of ‘nesting Orientalisms’ (Bakić-Hayden 1995), it was ascribed to the ‘more traditional’ and ‘tribal’ ‘Montenegrin mentality’ as opposed to the urban, individualistic and nuclear family mode of ‘Yugoslav’ and ‘socialist’ sociality. The Montenegrin genealogists I encountered in the course of my Sarapa travels were usually older men who were interested in family history and who devoted their life to genealogical research after their retirement. Their prime motives were twofold: first, preserving the history of the family and situating it within the

in Migrating borders and moving times
Looking at marriage migration regimes in Austria and Germany through the perspective of women from rural Kosovo
Carolin Leutloff-Grandits

in his late 30s, originating from the region but living in Germany, who owned his own firm, lived in a nuclear household, and earned well. When he was on a holiday in rural Kosovo, the families organised a few meetings so they could both check if they matched and could imagine a joint future. In her own descriptions, the decision to get engaged was taken rather quickly, as the time he could spend in Kosovo and the opportunities to meet were limited. On one of the last days of his holidays, he came to her family to ask for their consent to the marriage, upon which

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Yehonatan Alsheh

that there have been and still will one day be biological and maybe even social systems that did not and will not produce any subjectivities at all. Often throughout the last seventy years, people have imagined the coming of a society that will bring humanity to its end. Such a nuclear, ecological or what-have-you apocalypse will be as real as it gets, even if, afterwards, there is no longer anyone to witness it, that is, to be its correlate by thinking it.36 Just as an apocalyptic future reality will exist even though there is no subjectivity to think it, so the

in Human remains and mass violence
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The witnessing of development success
Stewart Allen

, including the Nuclear Free Future Solutions award in 2000 (€10,000), the St Andrews Prize for the Environment in 2003 (US$30,000), the Skoll Award for Social Entrepreneurship in 2005 (US$400,000) and the Blue Planet Prize from the Asahi Glass Foundation in Japan in 2011 (US$625,000). Award money is an integral part of the College’s annual budget, which in 2015/16 stood at over US$4.1 million,2 and contributes to everything from rainwater harvesting projects and the children’s night schools to solar projects and training. The conferring of the award itself, however

in An ethnography of NGO practice in India