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Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

Introduction The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK, or North Korea) is well known in the media and amongst policymakers in relation to its cult of personality surrounding the Kim family, abuses of human rights, and nuclear weapons programme. In recent years, the DPRK’s relationship with the United States and the Republic of Korea (ROK, or South Korea) has seen both flickers of engagement and periods of increased animosity. In 2017, US President Donald Trump was threatening the DPRK with ‘fire and fury’, but less than a year later met with North

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

Scale of Russia’s Troll Farm ’, Vice , 22 August 22 , https://news.vice.com/en_ca/article/594ekk/iran-russia-facebook-twitter-disinformation (accessed 28 September 2018) . Goldman , R. ( 2016 ), ‘ Reading Fake News, Pakistani Minister Directs Nuclear Threat at Israel ’, New York Times , www.nytimes.com/2016/12/24/world/asia/pakistan-israel-khawaja-asif-fake-news-nuclear.html?_r=0 (accessed 8 August 2018) . Guess , A. , Nyhan , B. and Reifler , J. ( 2018 ), ‘ All

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

scientific veracity. From the opening exhibits featuring some prehistoric hominids crouched in some dark and dank cave, to men walking on the moon shadowed by clouds of a nuclear Holocaust, so our entire history is commonly narrated as a tale of survival against the odds. That the history of the human condition is a natural history of violence is rarely questioned today. And yet, in times of extreme collapse, humans often show their very humanness, compassion and dignity, and it is often those indigenous peoples most attuned with nature who have contributed the least to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

torture your citizens if you do not kill or torture ours. That is, the principle of reciprocity. 2 A classic example is prisoner protection. If you torture enemy combatants you have captured, your enemy will do the same to your POWs. The same logic goes for using chemical weapons and even nuclear weapons. This is how mutual deterrence works. This fits fully with the demands of sovereignty. Agreements that work meet the interests of both parties. This depends, of course, on the existence of a reasonable parity of capacity between states

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

Annapolis [for the Middle East peace conference, in 2007]; it didn’t invite itself. Brazil was called upon by Iran and by Obama [to negotiate a nuclear deal]; Obama then changed his mind, but it was him who asked us originally. We participated in the creation of the BRICS. Why did Chirac and then [his successor, Nicolas] Sarkozy always want to associate themselves with Brazil, whether on issues of climate change or other issues? We can do important things. Each period of history has its specific characteristics, its advantages and disadvantages. We also

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Leslie C. Green

enemy hands 50 and to facilitate the restoration of peace, for, as may be seen from the consequences of a civil or ideological conflict, 51 the more bitter the hatreds aroused by the hostilities, and the methods by which they are conducted, the more difficult it is to agree upon the terms for a cessation of hostilities or the ultimate peace agreement. Nuclear weapons

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
Hilary Charlesworth and Christine Chinkin

Procedure and Evidence have been created by moulding domestic criminal procedure and human rights standards to the needs of international criminal process. 105 However, it should be noted that in its Advisory Opinion on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, the ICJ did not draw upon general principles, even of humanitarian law, as a basis for decision in the absence of conventional or

in The boundaries of international law
Lorenzo Gasbarri

General Assembly. 9 In one of the foundational decisions on the formation of customary international law, Military and Paramilitary Activities in and Against Nicaragua , the Court adopted a State-centric approach in dealing with the role of resolutions in the formation of customary law. 10 Moreover, in Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons the Court considered that resolutions have value in providing evidence of emerging law. 11 More recently, in the Whaling case the Court considered that only resolutions ‘adopted by consensus or by a unanimous vote

in International organisations, non-State actors, and the formation of customary international law
Abstract only

accordance with Swedish law, depth charges have been used against them after warnings to leave the area had been given, in exercise of the right to take necessary steps to prevent non-innocent passage. 62 A question analogous to that of the right of passage for warships arose in relation to nuclear-powered ships and ships carrying hazardous cargoes. 63 Some States regard these vessels as inherently

in The law of the sea

. The eight separate opinions delivered in the case show that the majority disagreed on how to answer the question the Court itself invented. Researchers such as Christine Gray have called opinions like this “judgment by lowest common denominator.” 64 Such a diversity of opinions thus further undermines the seeming weight of this advisory opinion. Other ICJ decisions also contradict the advisory opinion. In the ICJ’s 1996 Legality of the Use by a State of Nuclear Weapons in Armed Conflict advisory opinion

in The values of international organizations