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Popularising psychoanalysis, 1945–68
Richard Bates

1971. In 1982, Dolto wrote a preface to Mauco’s autobiography, Vécu , which highlighted his moral qualities and claimed that Mauco ‘had known how to resist Nazi barbarism’. 35 The analysts who worked at the CCB in its early years were all former analysands of Laforgue, trained in his ideas of family neuroses and focused on the immediate nuclear family as the site of aetiology. Most were from Catholic, bourgeois backgrounds. This contrasted with the patients, who judging by the surviving records in Dolto’s archive

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
Dolto and the psychoanalytic approach to autism in France
Richard Bates

[functions] can’t be represented and taken on by a sole representative, whether masculine or feminine. The negation of this principle leads to troubles and disorders in the child.’ Such conclusions took Dolto’s thinking out of the domain of psychiatry and into that of sexual politics, providing ammunition to opponents of any deviation from nuclear, patriarchal families. Some reviewers did raise objections. The Protestant paper Réforme was concerned that the book risked provoking unhelpful feelings of guilt among parents

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
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Psychoanalysis in the public sphere, 1968–88
Richard Bates

‘Civilised’, for Dolto here, was a dirty word. Societal and technological change had reduced children’s opportunities for social interactions beyond the nuclear family; the twentieth-century child ‘has a larger material space, but a smaller one in terms of emotional relations’. 38 None of these views is especially surprising in the light of Dolto’s experiences and orientation in the 1930s and 1940s, but her status as a senior cultural presence imbued them with authority in the 1970s. By that time, she was a clinician with

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
Mark Jackson

challenge of middle age not in terms of a growing awareness of personal death, but as a struggle for two individuals ‘to survive within a shared life’. By disrupting the sense of stability and identity previously made possible by traditional gender roles and normative notions of the nuclear family, individualisation was encouraging men and women to escape from what were seen as the constraints of ‘marital symbiosis’. 82 The image of fractured families was apt. Before the Second World

in Balancing the self
Catherine Cox

siblings, grandchildren, nieces and nephews and does not fit with either the stem-family or the nuclear family models.63 Kevin O’Neill has analysed the structure of labouring households as well as small, middling and large farming families and identified similarities between them. He argued that labouring households ‘show a high percentage of nuclearity, low lateral extension and relatively low overall extension’64 suggesting that the ‘high incidence of lateral extension’ displayed by small farmers was ‘a sign of increasing economic distress and self-exploitation’.65

in Negotiating insanity in the southeast of Ireland, 1820–1900
The era of patient safety
Neil Wigglesworth

can. We therefore need other approaches to go further in terms of improving quality and safety in healthcare. Another stimulus for the patient safety movement is the realisation that healthcare is potentially dangerous; Rene Amalberti and Lucien Leape have compared the risk of fatality per encounter in healthcare with practice in other industries, such as nuclear and airline industries and the European railways. 8 The writers discovered that healthcare was roughly as safe as mountain climbing and bungee jumping. This is obviously a crude comparison because people

in Germs and governance
Popular and personal discourse in the 1960s and 1970s
Jill Kirby

national economy. Another Daily Mirror article reported that doctors and psychiatrists were worried by the growing impact of ‘stress and tension in this age of anxiety’, and attributed ‘mental and emotional crack-ups’ to both the fear of nuclear annihilation and ‘the effort to keep up with the Joneses’. 19 Fear of nuclear war was very real and harnessed in public discourse both by those who wished to build up Britain's nuclear arsenal and by those who opposed it. It permeated into popular culture and, as Bourke has argued, was part of more general fears about the

in Feeling the strain
Duncan Wilson

a ‘biological time-bomb’, whose dangers equalled those of nuclear weapons and threatened ‘nothing less than the break-up of civilization as we know it’.7 Broadsheet and tabloid newspapers also linked biological research to fears over nuclear weapons, claiming that biologists were ‘taking over where the physicists left off’ and questioning whether they could be trusted to ‘handle the properties of life, death and destruction … as casually as if they were sunflower seeds’.8 Television coverage was similarly foreboding. A BBC documentary screened as part of the

in The making of British bioethics
Abstract only
Alun Withey

, nuclear household of WITHEY 9780719085468 PRINT.indd 141 20/10/2011 16:28 Domestic sickness and care in the Welsh home a male head and his dependents.4 In this way, the ‘family’ might include household servants who lived in, but not necessarily extended kin or close relatives who lived elsewhere.5 This interpretation seems to fit with evidence from large parts of Wales, such as in Montgomeryshire, where 81% of the total number of households in Bishop Lloyd’s 1680s proto-census consisted of a head and spouse, with between one and three children.6 The average

in Physick and the family
Dietary advice and agency in North America and Britain
Nicos Kefalas

elucidation of the structure of complex substances’(1954); and the Nobel Peace Prize (1962) for his efforts to ban nuclear bomb testing. 54 Pauling was thus a respectable scientist but also a pacifist with frequent media exposure, making his claims about vitamin C more credible to the general public. In the UK, as in the US, the government had played an important role in popularising vitamins and nutrition facts since the interwar period. Like their US counterparts, the UK public had already been initiated into the

in Balancing the self