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Reconstruction and Soldier Settlement in the Empire Between the Wars
Author: Kent Fedorowich

Research on soldier settlement has to be set within the wider history of emigration and immigration. This book examines two parallel but complementary themes: the settlement of British soldiers in the overseas or 'white' dominions, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa, between 1915 and 1930. One must place soldier settlement within the larger context of imperial migration prior to 1914 in order to elicit the changes in attitude and policy which occurred after the armistice. The book discusses the changes to Anglo-dominion relations that were consequent upon the incorporation of British ex-service personnel into several overseas soldier settlement programmes, and unravels the responses of the dominion governments to such programmes. For instance, Canadians and Australians complained about the number of ex-imperials who arrived physically unfit and unable to undertake employment of any kind. The First World War made the British government to commit itself to a free passage scheme for its ex-service personnel between 1914 and 1922. The efforts of men such as L. S. Amery who attempted to establish a landed imperial yeomanry overseas is described. Anglicisation was revived in South Africa after the second Anglo-Boer War, and politicisation of the country's soldier settlement was an integral part of the larger debate on British immigration to South Africa. The Australian experience of resettling ex-servicemen on the land after World War I came at a great social and financial cost, and New Zealand's disappointing results demonstrated the nation's vulnerability to outside economic factors.

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Heather Streets

Army are found to be physically unfit for military service’. 7 In light of the hostile climate between Britain and Europe this was a serious problem indeed, for the report solemnly declared that ‘no nation was ever yet for any long time great and free, when the army it put into the field no longer represented its own virility and manhood’. 8 Yet while it cannot be said that the military achieved its

in Martial races
The impact of the First World War on attitudes to maternal and infant health
Fionnuala Walsh

-century Ireland, infant mortality (the death of a child aged less than 12 months) was a serious problem. The issue received heightened attention during the First World War in both Great Britain and Ireland. The number of recruits deemed physically unfit for military service led to a greater recognition of the devastating impact of poverty on health, while the unprecedented loss of life on

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
Nursing older people in British hospitals, 1945–80
Jane Brooks

staff geriatric wards – ‘a lot of the care relied on students being there’ – and remarked how placement on the geriatric ward could be used as a form of punishment for misdemeanours.83 In her study of care provision for older people, Doreen Norton confirmed the role of the geriatric ward as a place of punishment for ‘[nurses] who had displeased in some way … or those who were considered physically unfit or clinically unsafe to work elsewhere’.84 The association of the geriatric ward with punishment or ineptitude further exacerbated the low status attributed to

in Histories of nursing practice
Kent Fedorowich

posture. Repeated warnings were dispatched to the OSC that Canadian landing regulations would be strictly enforced. Safeguards, such as a more thorough medical examination at the port of disembarkation, were suggested. Disabled pensioners were singled out, and Ottawa insisted that the physically unfit be stopped at Canadian ports and deported before they become a public charge. 86 The Soldier Settlement Board emphasised

in Emigrants and empire
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Arnold White and the parochial view of imperial citizenship
Daniel Gorman

. 25 Arnold White, ‘Race Culture,’ in The Views of Vanoc: An Englishman’s Outlook (London, 1910), p. 285. 26 White reported that in 1898 the medical department of the army rejected 23,287 out of 66,501 recruits because they were deemed physically unfit for

in Imperial citizenship
Laura Ugolini

proved a resilient one. Caldwell soon lost any enthusiasm for the movement, coming to the conclusion that it was driven mainly by ‘the desire to peacock it in uniform’.68 In June 1917 he told Clark that the only • 165 • chap5.indd 165 05/04/2013 11:05:46 Civvies men left on the home front were either too busy working ‘in some occupation of national importance’ to train with the volunteers or were ‘men rejected as physically unfit on grounds of bad health or physical infirmity, and what use would these “rejects” be if called out’ in case of invasion? ‘What was the

in Civvies
The Kinder
Tony Kushner

, is followed by one of the most chilling items presented in the exhibition as a whole – a dissecting table from a Nazi euthanasia centre for children regarded as mentally or physically unfit.69 Inevitably, the trauma of the Holocaust has made its mark on post-war Jewish identities whether at an individual or collective level. Susan Soyinka’s 130 The Kinder mother came to England in 1938 as a young refugee from Vienna and was one of the few members of her family to survive the Nazi era. Soyinka has written a powerful account of the evacuation of the Jews’ Free

in The battle of Britishness
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Workplace and suburban neurosis in the interwar period
Jill Kirby

the researchers with many unanswered questions regarding the effectiveness of nervous people and the difficulties they faced in adapting to ‘the ordinary economic environment’. 41 A report on the IHRB research in the British Journal of Medical Psychology concluded that just as some people were physically unfit for certain occupations and were therefore denied them, some were ‘temperamentally unsuited for particular conditions, and they should be diverted into occupations suitable for them’. However, it noted that ‘Much more work is needed for more definite

in Feeling the strain
J.W.M. Hichberger

context. The street urchin is from the very class that would be recruited into the army as an adult, and precisely the type who had been found to be physically unfit to serve. He is, however, robust and healthy-looking, but, more than that, he is full of the right kind of sentiment — patriotic and militaristic. The painting must therefore be read as a reassurance. Sons of the Empire still existed

in Images of the army