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Mark Hampton

Kong was, as Robert Bickers terms it, a ‘backwater’, much less significant to British concerns than Shanghai. 4 Its inter-war population peaked at well under two million; and while this declined to about 600,000 at the end of the war, it had reached two million by 1951 and was nearing four million by 1971. This population explosion was stimulated firstly by the Chinese Civil War (1945–49) and then the subsequent victory by the Communist Party, which created a refugee crisis in the early 1950s. Yet it also resulted from a healthy birth rate; in both 1961 and 1971

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia
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Panikos Panayi

internment camps. At the end of the twentieth century, scholars such as Klaus Bade, Peter Marschalck and Dirk Hoerder 15 investigated the underlying causes of German migration in the previous century, building upon some of the work which had emerged at the time. 16 The deepest factor consists of the population explosion which took place in nineteenth-century Germany, meaning an

in The Germans in India