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The media and international intervention
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The first major post-Cold War conflict, the 1991 Gulf war, indicated how much had already changed. Saddam Hussein had enjoyed Western support in Iraq's war against Iran in the 1980s, but was abruptly cast as the 'new Hitler' after his invasion of Kuwait in August 1990. This book is about how the media have interpreted conflict and international intervention in the years after the Cold War. By comparing press coverage of a number of different wars and crises, it seeks to establish which have been the dominant themes in explaining the post-Cold War international order and to discover how far the patterns established prior to the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks have subsequently changed. The key concern is with the legitimacy of Western intervention: the aim is to investigate the extent to which Western military action is represented in news reporting as justifiable and necessary. The book presents a study that looks at UK press coverage of six conflicts and the international response to them: two instances of 'humanitarian military intervention' (Somalia and Kosovo); two cases in which the international community was criticised for not intervening (Bosnia and Rwanda); and two post-9/11 interventions (Afghanistan and Iraq). There were a number of overlapping UN and US interventions in Somalia in the early 1990s. Operation Restore Hope was the first major instance of post-Cold War humanitarian military intervention, following the precedent set by the establishment of 'safe havens' for Iraqi Kurds and other minorities at the end of the 1991 Gulf war.

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Philip Hammond

understood as a defining moment in changing the post-Cold War international order and abandoning the principles of sovereign equality and non-interference. It is notable that these two papers continued to carry explicitly pro-intervention editorials during the later periods examined in this study: the Independent making ‘The case for intervention’ in a 15 October 1993 editorial, for example; and the

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts
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Post-Cold War conflicts and the media
Philip Hammond

justification for this activism, however, were necessarily different from the past. This book is about how the media have interpreted conflict and international intervention in the years after the Cold War. By comparing press coverage of a number of different wars and crises, it seeks to establish which have been the dominant themes in explaining the post-Cold War international order and to discover how far the

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts
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Philip Hammond

, each attempting to assert its authority in the fluid post-Cold War international order. Similarly, Woodward argues that Western accusations of war crimes were ‘a servant of American policy toward the conflict. By pressing for war crimes prosecutions at points when the Serbs were suing for peace, the US prioritised the defence of supposedly universal moral norms over the resolution of the conflict, even

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts