Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 45 items for :

  • Anthropology x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Open Access (free)
Presumed black immunity to yellow fever and the racial politics of burial labour in 1855 Portsmouth and Norfolk, Virginia
Michael D. Thompson

Epidemic disease regularly tore through nineteenth-century American cities, triggering public health crises and economic upheaval. These epidemic panics also provoked new racialised labour regimes, affecting the lives of innumerable working people. During yellow fever outbreaks, white authorities and employers preferred workers of colour over ‘unacclimated’ white immigrants, reflecting a common but mistaken belief in black invulnerability. This article chronicles enslaved burial labourers in antebellum Virginia, who leveraged this notion to seize various privileges – and nearly freedom. These episodes demonstrate that black labour, though not always black suffering or lives, mattered immensely to white officials managing these urban crises. Black workers were not mere tools for protecting white wealth and health, however, as they often risked torment and death to capitalise on employers’ desperation for their essential labour. This history exposes racial and socioeconomic divergence between those able to shelter or flee from infection, and those compelled to remain exposed and exploitable.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Constructing population in the search for disease genes
Steve Sturdy

shifting as anthropologists and geneticists alike sought to cast off earlier, overtly racist assumptions about human difference. By the 1960s concerns to identify distinct racial types had largely given way to a more dynamic and relativistic understanding of human population. Earlier race theorists had posited that races constituted discrete geographically or reproductively separate populations. By contrast, post-war population geneticists were increasingly inclined to envisage a single, continuous global population connected by constant migration and interbreeding and

in Global health and the new world order
Abstract only

di Genova/Genoa Aquarium, Genoa, Italy. Reference: Paul Carter, ‘Emergency Languages: echoes of Columbus in discourses of precarity’, in C. Gualtieri (ed.), Migration and the Contemporary Mediterranean. Shifting Cultures in Twenty-First-Century Europe, Peter Lang Publishers, 285–304, 2018 (in ‘Race and Resistance Across Borders, the Long Twentieth Century’ series) . Lost Subjects (with Australian Broadcasting Corporation & Sound Design Studio), 1995. Location: Museum of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales. Reference: Paul Carter, Lost Subjects

in Translations, an autoethnography
The case of R337h in Brazil
Sahra Gibbon

in relation to genomics is dependent on particular social and often colonial and post-colonial histories of ‘race’, racism, multiculturalism, public health provision and the changing governance of research vis-à-vis health disparities, as well as transnational collaborations (Fullwiley, 2011 ; Fullwiley and Gibbon, 2018 ; Santos et al., 2014 ; Wade et al., 2014 ; Whitmarsh, 2008 ). A concern with inequalities, social justice and genomics has more recently become explicitly aligned around a notion of ‘missing heritability’. While often

in Global health and the new world order
Open Access (free)
A war of extermination, grave looting, and culture wars in the American West
Tony Platt

from malnutrition, disease, and psychological despair. Between 1850 and 1950, Yurok life expectancy halved.22 A decade of postGold Rush massacres, bounty hunting, indenture and debt peonage, impoverished misery, kidnapping and selling of children as servants, agricultural workers and maids, was followed by concentration in penal colonies or ‘reservations’, and systematic efforts at cultural 18   Tony Platt annihilation by so-called ‘Friends of the Indian’.23 As Richard Pratt told a social work conference in 1892, ‘All the Indian there is in the race should be dead

in Human remains and identification
Yehonatan Alsheh

biopolitics of forensic anthropology, which is the main discipline specializing in the contextual interpretation of corpses? Is it premised (as seems to be the case) on an intuitive suspicion of naturalistic biopolitical assumptions? If so, is it necessarily so, and if not, what kind of bio­ politics underpins forensic anthropology? An enquiry in the biopolitics of forensic anthropology is also called for because it is currently one of the key disciplines that confront the problem of race – a cardinal example of a biopolitical problem, which of course has a deep association

in Human remains and mass violence
Missing persons and colonial skeletons in South Africa
Nicky Rousseau

testimonies to the TRC related to the unjustly buried: funerals banned or disrupted, bodies treated callously or just missing, demonstrating how not even death enabled the raced body to escape apartheid’s Missing persons and colonial skeletons in South Africa   177 bounds. Family members, mainly women, expressed their longing for ‘just one bone’ to bury.9 In a certain sense, though, the first TRC exhumation arose not in direct response to these pleas but more fortuitously following disclosures by security police, applying to the TRC for amnesty. Over a fifteen-month period

in Human remains and identification
The disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide
Nigel Eltringham

cent Twa) and issued with an ID card upon which the label was inscribed. Following patrilineal custom, children would inherit the identity inscribed on their father’s ID card.12 Until 1997, the French term ethnie and the Kinyarwanda term ubwoko appeared on the ID card. For the colonial authorities, both terms were ‘synonyms for race in the biologically determinist sense’.13 As possible independence drew near, both a newly emergent Hutu elite (trained by the Roman Catholic Church) and the Tutsi court deployed the Hamitic hypothesis to argue, respectively, that the end

in Human remains and mass violence
Kaiton Williams [accessed 20 January 2017]. 8 Peter Steiner, New Yorker, 5 July 1993, p. 61. 9 Studies such as Ayres, Banaji and Jolls (2015) have demonstrated the negative effects of perceived racial identity of sellers within online purchasing behaviour. See Fairlie and Robb (2008) for a wider examination of the relationships between race and entrepreneurial success. 10 Kaamran Hafeez, New Yorker, 23 February 2015, p. 115. 100 Ethnographies of data science 11 A deck of slides made to present the company’s fundamentals to investors. The contents vary but they typically outline

in Ethnography for a data-saturated world
Contested boundaries and new solidarities
Sílvia Bofill-Poch

on what Shellee Colen ( 1995 ) has called stratified reproduction; that is, a system in which labour and social rights are granted or denied based on gender, class, race, and legal status. This is sustained by a border regime (Fassin 2011 ) – both in geo-political and conceptual terms – that reinforces, through the legal system, a model of care that is feminised, precarious, and stratified (Pérez-Orozco 2006 , see also Pine and Haukanes, Chapter 1 , this volume). Drawing on recent literature on citizenship and border regulation (Fassin 2011

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders