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Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

). The aid sector and the environments in which it functions are often much more diverse in reality. Quite apart from ‘the locals’, a vast array of less-privileged foreigners (or ‘third country nationals’) play key enabling parts in the humanitarian industrial complex but are left out of heroic white saviour narratives. 5 Nationality effectively becomes a shorthand for race, and non-white aid workers and their experiences are invisibilised and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

operation of NGOs on the ground. But there needs to be more work to think about how these principles apply to the realm of sexual abuse, harassment and assault. In particular, organisations and individuals should be aware of the inherent power imbalance between senior and junior members of staff, between donors and recipients, between aid workers and the people they are helping. Aid operates in a world that is shaped by race, gender and class – by racism

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Róisín Read

programmes and initiatives that claim to help and empower women. This issue offers a rich contribution to our understanding of humanitarianism and the ways in which it is structured by gendered logics and power relations, as well as exploring how those gendered logics intersect with other power hierarchies, such as race and sexuality. Elsewhere, feminist and gender-focused approaches to studying humanitarianism have helped us better understand aspects of the sector, such as the gendered concept of ‘care

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

International Development Studies ’, in de Jong , S. , Icaza , R. and Rutazibwa , O. U. (eds), Decolonization and Feminisms in Global Teaching and Learning ( London : Routledge ), pp. 192 – 214 . Sabaratnam , M. ( 2017 ), Decolonising Intervention: International Statebuilding in Mozambique ( London : Rowman & Littlefield International ). Wekker , G. ( 2016 ), White Innocence: Paradoxes of Colonialism and Race ( Durham, NC : Duke University Press ).

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action1
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

. Moreover, important topics or questions remain to be explored by further research, including the practical ways in which humanitarianism can engage in gender-transformative action, its complementarity to the longstanding work of feminist activists, and the relationship between humanitarian action and other cultural identity factors, such as race, ethnicity, class, caste, age, disability and legal status. Definitions Building on Enloe (2004 : 4

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Jeffrey Flynn

of the humanitarian lens or its subjects as racialised (‘race’ does not even appear in the index, while ‘gender’ has ten entries). 2 Fehrenbach’s theme sets the stage for one of the most influential episodes in the twentieth century iconography of humanitarianism: Biafra. Heerten’s essay on Biafra and Holocaust imagery in Humanitarian Photography provides one of the case studies, but it is only a glimpse into the much broader take on Biafra provided by

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

centuries of violence upon non-white populations in the name of the ‘enlightened spirit’, it would also be reworked into more racially sensitive and objective ways 6 . As liberal replaced race with culture and class with entitlement, so the advent of a globally ambitious claim to govern all planetary life could overcome all claims to sovereign integrity by appealing directly to the notion that underdevelopment was dangerous. While violence was therefore complex, since complex systems were less about linear root causes and more about states of dynamic connection and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Valérie Gorin and Sönke Kunkel

: Routledge ), pp. 153 – 68 . Briggs , L. ( 2003 ), ‘ Mother, Child, Race, Nation: The Visual Iconography of Rescue and the Politics of Transnational and Transracial Adoption ’, Gender & History , 15 : 2 , 179 – 200 . Burman , E

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

discrimination as to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. It endeavours to relieve the suffering of individuals, being guided solely by their needs, and to give priority to the most urgent cases of distress’ ( ICRC, 2016 ). Other humanitarian codes of conduct contain similar principles. Discrimination in humanitarianism is restricted to triage – where the most effective intervention can be made on the basis solely of need. Humanitarians might, of course, be less than assiduously moral in treating those whose lives they are

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

-rackete-sea-watch-kapitaenin-menschenrechte-heldin (accessed 19 April 2020). Fekete , L. , Webber , F. and Edmond-Pettitt , A. ( 2017 ), Humanitarianism: The Unacceptable Face of Solidarity ( London : Institute of Race Relations ). Fekete , L. , Webber , F. and Edmond-Pettitt , A. ( 2019 ), When Witnesses Won’t Be Silenced: Citizens’ Solidarity and Criminalisation ( London : Institute of Race Relations ). Fiori , J. ( 2019 ), ‘ Rescue and Resistance in the Med: An Interview with Caroline Abu Sa’Da, General Director of SOS MEDITERRANEE Suisse ’, Journal of Humanitarian Affairs , 1 : 1

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs