to grasp the breadth of the issues involved, we need an introduction to the key concepts that inform them: citizenship, ‘race’ and racialisation, and the state. After discussing those concepts, I suggest that the Citizenship Act (2005) racialised Irish nationality: i.e. it gave primary preference to bloodlines as its principal criterion for belonging, thus dividing Irish children into two categories with differential access to the rights and responsibilities accruing to citizens, Irish children and ‘Irish-born children’ (‘IBC’). 1 If the new citizenship rules were
This chapter traces the origins of the two Opium Wars; it charts the development of both of these Anglo-Chinese conflicts and discusses their consequences. It introduces students to the illustrious historiography and current debate and points out gaps in existing scholarship.
Beginning classical social theory introduces students and educated general readers to thirteen key social theorists by way of examining a single, exemplary text by each author. After an introductory reflection on the concept of ‘social theory’, the book is organized chronologically, ranging from Comte to Adorno. The chapters address key themes of classical social theory, including modernity, democracy, gender, class, the commodity form, community, social facts, race, capitalism, strangeness, love and marriage. They present a diverse range of arguments that introduce readers to how classical theorists thought and wrote. The book is written as a tool that promotes independent, critical engagement with, rather than reproduction of knowledge about theory. It answers the need for a book that helps students develop the skill to critically read theory. After short, contextualizing introductions to each author, every chapter presents a close reading of one single key text demonstrating how to break down and analyze their arguments. Rather than learning how to admire the canonical theorists, readers are alerted to the flow of their arguments, the texts’ contradictions and limitations and to what makes them ‘classical’. Having gotten ‘under the skin’ of one key text by each author will provide readers with a solid starting point for further study. The book will be suitable as the principal textbook in social theory modules as much as alongside a more conventional textbook as a recommended additional tool for self-study. It will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as educated lay readers.
Wiegman indicates, there are also problems with this conceptual formation. In the first instance, despite ritual invocations of the term ‘genderraceclass’, attempts to maintain a productive sense of the intertwining of these three dimensions of our subjectivity may sometimes deteriorate into hierarchical thinking, with one of them pushed forward and given a privileged shaping role. Or, worse still, the agglomerated word might prove unstable, with the result that each of the categories of gender, race and class becomes detached from the others, thereby forfeiting some
victor with the support of only about a third of the voters.
Timing and sequencing and the order in which candidates withdrew from the race then played a part. At the end of the day, Trump was left facing Texas Senator Ted Cruz whose backing was, because of his absolutist positions on both economic and cultural issues, largely confined to those who defined themselves as ‘very conservative’. Trump had a broader base insofar as he could also draw on those who were ‘somewhat conservative’ (Aberbach, 2017 : 133). Then, once he had won the Republican nomination, he was
, particularly when they are educated, predominantly middle-class, white historians. When undertaking research for a biography of Malcolm X in the early 1970s, white journalist Peter Goldman was thus disappointed by the fact that the martyred race leader’s half-sister, Ella Collins, and his widow, Betty Shabazz, both declined to be interviewed. On a personal level Goldman liked Shabazz ‘and in fact rather sympathized with her suspicions’, but ‘in the end’ he ‘could not overcome them’. 1
The Black Muslims, or Nation of Islam (NOI), presented especial problems for scholars
, are all deeply if implicitly political. Alongside discussions of healthcare, drug trafficking, and race, this chapter focuses primarily on the politics of gender relations generally, teasing out the feminist insight that ‘the personal is political’. In particular, the chapter analyses the politics of masculinity in contemporary US society, as the show’s lead character, Walter White, transforms from emasculated, sick, poor, dependent, impotent, and agency-less into an aggressive, dominant alpha male who is healthy, rich, and an independent leader, not to mention
’. 15 Or, as Richard Hornsey has put it recently, social psychology was called upon after the war to address a cast of problematic figures who seemed dangerously out of place in the ordered, rational postwar landscape. 16
Most of all, in the aftermath of the war, the human sciences were called upon to deal with a number of so-called ‘social problems’, the declining birth-rate, divorce, anti-Semitism, race relations, juvenile delinquency and homosexuality amongst them. In the context of a series of broad anxieties about family breakdown, demographic decline
The United States Supreme Court is an important, exciting and controversial
institution. This book includes the major decisions of the 2014 and 2015 Supreme
Court Term. It examines some of the fascinating policy issues that are central
to the Court by examining its contemporary agenda. The book analyses the
Court's major decisions on controversial issues such as race, abortion,
capital punishment and gay rights. It explains the ideas that underpinned the
creation of the Supreme Court in the first place and how and why it has changed
over the years. The book then investigates how the framers of the Constitution
envisaged the nature and the role of the Supreme Court, and how and why these
have evolved. With examples, it also explains the process by which the personal,
the judicial and the political are interwoven in some of the Court's most
important cases. Next, the book takes up the specifically judicial and legal
basics of the Court's structure and processes and looks at the rules and
procedures that govern the Justices' work. The key concept of judicial
review, the source of the Court's power is then examined. The book moves on
to analyse one of the most controversial features of the contemporary Supreme
Court, the process of appointing new Justices, and examines the politicisation
of the appointment process. Finally, it explores how powerful is the Court and
what is its role in American government and politics.
Beginning film studies offers a critical introduction to this academic discipline for undergraduate (and other) readers coming to it for the first time. Written accessibly, it ranges across key topics, theories and approaches in film studies. For this new volume, the author has thoroughly updated the first edition, writing fresh case studies, tracking and evaluating recent developments in the study of film, and providing up-to-the-minute suggestions for further reading. The book begins by considering film’s formal features (mise-en-scène, editing and sound) before moving outwards to discuss narrative, genre, authorship, the star, and film’s ideological engagement (its staging of class, gender, sexuality, race and ethnicity). Later chapters on film industries and on film consumption – where and how we watch movies (not least in the digital age) – reflect and assess the discipline’s recent geographical ‘turn’. The book takes a global perspective, illustrating its arguments by reference to film cultures ranging from Hollywood to Bollywood, and from the French ‘New Wave’ to contemporary Hong Kong. Each chapter concludes with a case study, exploring such topics as sound in The Great Gatsby, narrative in Inception and ideology in Blue Is the Warmest Colour. The superhero movie is studied as a genre, and Jennifer Lawrence as a star. Beginning film studies is also interactive, with readers enabled throughout to reflect critically upon the field.