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British Travelogues, 1850–1900
Author: Tim Youngs

Works of travel have been the subject of increasingly sophisticated studies in recent years. This book undermines the conviction with which nineteenth-century British writers talked about darkest Africa. It places the works of travel within the rapidly developing dynamic of Victorian imperialism. Images of Abyssinia and the means of communicating those images changed in response to social developments in Britain. As bourgeois values became increasingly important in the nineteenth century and technology advanced, the distance between the consumer and the product were justified by the scorn of African ways of eating. The book argues that the ambiguities and ambivalence of the travellers are revealed in their relation to a range of objects and commodities mentioned in narratives. For instance, beads occupy the dual role of currency and commodity. The book deals with Henry Morton Stanley's expedition to relieve Emin Pasha, and attempts to prove that racial representations are in large part determined by the cultural conditions of the traveller's society. By looking at Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, it argues that the text is best read as what it purports to be: a kind of travel narrative. Only when it is seen as such and is regarded in the context of the fin de siecle can one begin to appreciate both the extent and the limitations of Conrad's innovativeness.

German investigations of Australian Aboriginal skeletal remains, c. 1860
Antje Kühnast

skulls or from using his sympathetic portraits of Billy and Tilki as racial representations. Whereas Becker seems to have engaged in these dehumanising investigations in the belief this would contribute to the ‘amelioration’ of the living conditions of Australia's colonised peoples, Ecker and Lucae had no interest in the living individuals whose remains they investigated, other than as representatives of their ‘race’. As first-generation physical

in Savage worlds
Abstract only
Kathryn Castle

embrace the ‘muscular Christianity’ formerly reserved for the public schools, as this would be a route to combating ‘degeneracy’ and the ‘savage’ instincts of the urban poor, while this study has only touched upon the class and gender messages carried within racial representations, it is certain that the popularity and longevity of the ‘colonial subject’ within the classroom and popular literature rested

in Britannia’s children
Abstract only
Tim Youngs

their product, the commoditisation of experience and of person, and on the relationship between the literature and its society afford the opportunity for an implicit contrast with ideas of travel and heroism earlier in the century, and prove, I hope beyond any doubt, that racial representations are in large part determined by the cultural conditions of the traveller’s society; that these therefore

in Travellers in Africa