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Transnational dynamics in post-genocidal restitutions
Elise Pape

Taking its starting point from a socio-anthropological study combining biographical interviews, semi-structured interviews and ethnographic observations collected between 2016 and 2018 in Germany, France and the United States among Ovaherero and Nama activists, and also members of different institutions and associations, this article focuses on the question of human remains in the current struggle for recognition and reparation of the genocide of the Ovaherero and Nama from a transnational perspective. First, the text shows the ways in which the memory of human remains can be considered as a driving force in the struggle of the affected communities. Second, it outlines the main points of mismatches of perspective between descendants of the survivors and the responsible museums during past restitutions of human remains from German anthropological collections. Third, the article more closely examines the resources of Ovaherero in the United States in the struggle for recognition and reparation, the recent discovery of Namibian human remains in the American Museum of Natural History in New York City and the questions that it raises.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Clara Duterme

Established during the Guatemalan Peace Process, the Oslo Accord contemplates the question of compensating the victims of internal armed conflict. Not only was this accord founded on the principles of victims rights, but it also intends to contribute to the democratic reconstruction of Guatemalan society through a process of recognition of victims status and memory – intended to have a reconciling function. The article focuses on the work of two organisations implementing the Oslo Accord and aims to analyse the discourses and practices of the local actors and their perception of the application of victims rights. Civil society actors and members of the National Compensation Programme demonstrate different approaches both in practical work and in representations of what is right. However, revendication of local cultural values is present in all actors discourse, revealing their ambiguous position in regard to state government.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Valérie Robin Azevedo

In recent years, exhumation campaigns of mass graves resulting from the armed conflict (1980–2000) between the Maoist guerrillas of PCP-Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) and the States armed forces have increased in Peru. People in rural Andes, the most marginalised sectors of national society, which were also particularly affected by the war, are the main group concerned with exhumations. This article examines the handling, flow and re-appropriation of exhumed human remains in public space to inform sociopolitical issues underlying the reparation policies implemented by the State, sometimes with the support of human rights NGOs. How do the families of victims become involved in this unusual return of their dead? Have the exhumations become a new repertoire of collective action for Andean people seeking to access their fundamental rights and for recognition of their status as citizens? Finally, what do these devices that dignify the dead reveal about the internal workings of Peruvian society – its structural inequities and racism – which permeate the social fabric?

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
John Harries, Linda Fibiger, Joan Smith, Tal Adler, and Anna Szöke

This article will query the ethics of making and displaying photographs of human remains. In particular, we will focus on the role of photography in constituting human remains as specimens, and the centrality of the creation and circulation of photographic images to the work of physical anthropology and bioarchaeology. This work has increasingly become the object of ethical scrutiny, particularly in the context of a (post)colonial politics of recognition in which indigenous people seek to recover dominion over their looted material heritage, including the remains of their dead. This ethical concern extends to the question of how and under what circumstances we may display photographs of human remains. Moreover, this is not just a matter of whether and when we should or should not show photographs of the remains of the dead. It is a question of how these images are composed and produced. Our discussion of the ethics of the image is, therefore, indivisible from a consideration of the socio-technical process by which the photographic image is produced, circulated and consumed.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Contested narratives of the independence struggle in postconfl ict Timor-Leste
Henri Myrttinen

narrative has emerged in which the ‘valorisation’ of the resistance takes a central place and is anchored in the constitution. Among the living, this has meant the payment of pensions and compensation to veterans, public recognition, medals, public holidays and ceremonies. For the dead heroes of the Falintil, national monuments have been erected and a central heroes’ cemetery built. The official narratives stress heroism, sacrifice and above all unity, a term that resonates strongly in a society where various fault lines came violently to the fore in 2006 in a crisis that

in Governing the dead
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Creative belonging
Paul Carter

integral to the negotiation of staying-rights, no exchange is possible: mutual recognition, and the associated institutions of acknowledgement of sovereignty, negotiation of passage rights and the acceptance of provisional arrangements are by-passed without the act of emergence. Proper meeting ‘places priority on the epistemic standpoint of recognising the sovereign being of the gathering-we’: 23 in contrast with ‘colonial subjectivity’ which has already denied to itself the ‘all-encompassing solidarity of the

in Translations, an autoethnography
Open Access (free)
Deaths at sea and unidentified bodies in Lesbos
Iosif Kovras and Simon Robins

of identity and memory to exist while blocking others.’ We argue that common graves and the political lives of migrants even after their death highlight the power of contemporary borders in institutionalising power relations. The sovereign state assigns migrant bodies a status that is inconsistent with full recognition of the personhood of the migrant. We subscribe to the performative model of the border (Salter 2011) and argue that the study of the phenomenon of missing migrants can shed analytical and critical light on the study of contemporary borders. As a non

in Migrating borders and moving times
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Human symbols, doubled identities
Paul Carter

about the origin of love – captures exactly the scope of Translations , which is not so much a migrant's personal history, or a narrative of ‘symbolic gestures’ but the ethnography of those who, self-divided, live a life of experimental recombination. 14 The ethnographic encounter in Translations is outward, engaged with the colonial archive and the political and ethical question of sovereignty, but also inward: a recognition that the migrant at least is constitutionally a symbol , a part standing in for the whole

in Translations, an autoethnography
Stewart Allen

accorded recognition, one must have certain permissions, and must meet certain criteria before being acknowledged by the heterotopia. In the following, I first introduce the background to the award dispute in order to contribute to an emerging body of literature on an anthropology of 46 An ethnography of NGO practice in India architecture as process (Marchand 2003, 2009; Yaneva 2012). Secondly, and in line with the book as a whole, I situate this case study in relation to recent works on the ‘translation’ of development projects (Mosse 2005, Mosse and Lewis 2006

in An ethnography of NGO practice in India
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Broken relations, migrant destiny
Paul Carter

charity of strangers, acculturation and socialisation through these channels proceed precariously. In my experience, actual hosts are shadowed by historical hosts, avatars of an original act of recognition or translation missing in the national self-narration. For a time in Australia I lived as much in the foreign country of the past as I did in the equally unceded ground of the present: figures like William Light, responsible for Adelaide's distinctive urban design (1836), James Dawson, amateur ethnolinguist and co-author of Australian Aborigines (1881) and T

in Translations, an autoethnography