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Élodie Lecuppre-Desjardin

name but a few, has directly or indirectly identified principles which, in the context of networks of reciprocal obligations, linked individuals to power. 38 From a simple gift to a reward of pensions and rents, the prince's generosity was the keystone of an edifice based on distribution and redistribution. Largesse! A principle of government Court nobles live by the recognition of merits and of men through the expression of favour by the first amongst them. In giving this well

in The illusion of the Burgundian state
Transnational dynamics in post-genocidal restitutions
Elise Pape

Taking its starting point from a socio-anthropological study combining biographical interviews, semi-structured interviews and ethnographic observations collected between 2016 and 2018 in Germany, France and the United States among Ovaherero and Nama activists, and also members of different institutions and associations, this article focuses on the question of human remains in the current struggle for recognition and reparation of the genocide of the Ovaherero and Nama from a transnational perspective. First, the text shows the ways in which the memory of human remains can be considered as a driving force in the struggle of the affected communities. Second, it outlines the main points of mismatches of perspective between descendants of the survivors and the responsible museums during past restitutions of human remains from German anthropological collections. Third, the article more closely examines the resources of Ovaherero in the United States in the struggle for recognition and reparation, the recent discovery of Namibian human remains in the American Museum of Natural History in New York City and the questions that it raises.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Clara Duterme

Established during the Guatemalan Peace Process, the Oslo Accord contemplates the question of compensating the victims of internal armed conflict. Not only was this accord founded on the principles of victims rights, but it also intends to contribute to the democratic reconstruction of Guatemalan society through a process of recognition of victims status and memory – intended to have a reconciling function. The article focuses on the work of two organisations implementing the Oslo Accord and aims to analyse the discourses and practices of the local actors and their perception of the application of victims rights. Civil society actors and members of the National Compensation Programme demonstrate different approaches both in practical work and in representations of what is right. However, revendication of local cultural values is present in all actors discourse, revealing their ambiguous position in regard to state government.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Valérie Robin Azevedo

In recent years, exhumation campaigns of mass graves resulting from the armed conflict (1980–2000) between the Maoist guerrillas of PCP-Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) and the States armed forces have increased in Peru. People in rural Andes, the most marginalised sectors of national society, which were also particularly affected by the war, are the main group concerned with exhumations. This article examines the handling, flow and re-appropriation of exhumed human remains in public space to inform sociopolitical issues underlying the reparation policies implemented by the State, sometimes with the support of human rights NGOs. How do the families of victims become involved in this unusual return of their dead? Have the exhumations become a new repertoire of collective action for Andean people seeking to access their fundamental rights and for recognition of their status as citizens? Finally, what do these devices that dignify the dead reveal about the internal workings of Peruvian society – its structural inequities and racism – which permeate the social fabric?

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
John Harries, Linda Fibiger, Joan Smith, Tal Adler, and Anna Szöke

This article will query the ethics of making and displaying photographs of human remains. In particular, we will focus on the role of photography in constituting human remains as specimens, and the centrality of the creation and circulation of photographic images to the work of physical anthropology and bioarchaeology. This work has increasingly become the object of ethical scrutiny, particularly in the context of a (post)colonial politics of recognition in which indigenous people seek to recover dominion over their looted material heritage, including the remains of their dead. This ethical concern extends to the question of how and under what circumstances we may display photographs of human remains. Moreover, this is not just a matter of whether and when we should or should not show photographs of the remains of the dead. It is a question of how these images are composed and produced. Our discussion of the ethics of the image is, therefore, indivisible from a consideration of the socio-technical process by which the photographic image is produced, circulated and consumed.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Contemporary witchcraft and the Lancashire witches
Joanne Pearson

the repeal of this Act was brought about by Spiritualists and their supporters rather than by Witches, since as Mr Monslow, Labour MP for Barrow-in-Furness, argued, ‘for over half a century the spiritualist movement had been seeking to have accorded to it what was accorded to other religious denominations – religious freedom’, whilst a Mr Ede remarked that the passing of the bill marked recognition that in religious matters, England needed ‘not uniformity but unity’. 42 According to the Labour MP for Normanton, Mr T. Brooks, the replacement of the 1736 Witchcraft

in The Lancashire witches
Mutual recognition and imperial organisation
Tamson Pietsch

recognition In 1861, Oxford, Cambridge and Trinity College Dublin established a system of mutual recognition in which they granted full rights of reciprocation to each other, enabling students to ‘have the Terms kept … at [Dublin or Cambridge] reckoned as if they had been kept at Oxford’, and vice versa. 2 This system was called ‘incorporation’ and

in Empire of scholars
Sonja Tiernan

determined that a legal challenge should be pursued in Ireland, ideally through similar methods used by activists in Canada and America. In 2002, Zappone and Gilligan began a process which would ultimately bring the issue of marriage equality in Ireland to the fore. In April of that year, Zappone contacted the Equality Authority for advice on how to proceed with a case to establish legal recognition of her and Gilligan’s partnership. While supportive of the couple, ultimately the Equality Authority found that this case was not within its remit. The Authority was tasked

in The history of marriage equality in Ireland
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French recognition and the Chinese nuclear test, 1963–64
Michael Lumbers

2 Holes in the dam French recognition and the Chinese nuclear test, 1963–64 Mounting dismay abroad over the PRC’s continued exclusion from the international community and high-level alarm over the mainland’s nuclear progress all but ensured that China would figure prominently among the several foreign policy items vying for the attention of Kennedy’s successor. Indeed, Lyndon Johnson’s first year in power coincided with a dramatic change in China’s international relationships. Both French recognition of Beijing and China’s explosion of a nuclear device exposed

in Piercing the bamboo curtain
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The tense of citizenship
Ben Silverstein

this reason, Aileen Moreton-Robinson insists that citizenship operates as a ‘weapon of race war’. In her account, transforming Indigenous people into citizens requires that they be emptied of their ‘ways of being’, instead becoming the homogenised Indigenous subjects of a ‘racialized rights discourse’. Becoming a citizen was scripted in the Aboriginal New Deal as becoming a racialised minority; abandoning a disappearing sovereignty. 10 This was the form of recognition practised by the Aboriginal New Deal. Some 80 years before

in Governing natives