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Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

). One reason that one might expect to see a rise of evaluation work over time within South Sudan is because of a recognition by donors in the 2000s that thousands of interventions had taken place but there was a dearth of evidence about what impacts had resulted ( Bennett et al. , 2010 ; Norad, 2016 ). These donors have continued to operate in the newly independent Republic of South Sudan, many of which have published evaluation reports identified by this study. Synthesis of Lessons Learned The following synthesis of lessons learned is presented based on

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Response to the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs Special Issue on Innovation in Humanitarian Action (JHA, 1:3)
Anna Skeels

that needs to be in place for responsible innovation in a humanitarian setting. We also capture what participation might mean at different phases of the innovation process, for example in relation to the problem recognition stage: When the local community are engaged in problem identification through inclusive, user-centred design processes, people in these local organisations – using their local knowledge – hold often-untapped potential to develop game-changing innovations. ( Elrha, 2018a ) A promising partnership between Elrha and MIT’s D-Lab is enabling us to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

though the international community had found its way to the capital, Hargeisa, Somaliland had arguably become the most stable democracy in the region, even as it awaited international recognition of its independence. It seemed to me, therefore, that the most salient question was not how intervention could be more effective and efficient, but whether it was necessary in the first place. Was Western presence itself constitutive of the problems facing ‘host’ countries? In her recent book Decolonising Intervention: International Statebuilding in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action1
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

( Enloe, 2004 : chapter 12). More relevantly, gender norms shape specific violent behaviour of concern to humanitarian actors, such as sexual violence during conflict ( Enloe, 2004 : chapter 7). Despite the growing recognition of the impact of culture on the behaviour of primary duty bearers (e.g. Terry and McQuinn, 2018 ), humanitarian efforts remain confined to engaging primary duty bearers themselves, and to influencing specific forms of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanity and Solidarity
Tanja R. Müller and Róisín Read

outcomes. While as in any such documents, most of the latter are not new and it may be striking that such strategic guidance only comes that late in the day, it is still a belated recognition of the deeply intertwined connection between mental health and broader development agendas. It is an important reminder to consider the social determinants of health that not least COVID-19 has exposed once more so clearly. Rather ironically, this comes at a time when not only DfID has ceased to exist, but where

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned from an Intervention by Médecins Sans Frontières
Maria Ximena Di Lollo, Elena Estrada Cocina, Francisco De Bartolome Gisbert, Raquel González Juarez, and Ana Garcia Mingo

the COVID-19 response was directed toward supporting the health system, therefore delaying the detection of residents and staff in care homes with COVID-19. They were left behind. Moreover, high rates of asymptomatic infection among staff and residents, together with a limited testing capacity, further hindered early recognition and implementation of appropriate IPC measures ( WHO, 2020b ). The lack of capacity to implement isolation, quarantine

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Why Building Back Better Means More than Structural Safety
Bill Flinn

is not likely to harm anyone; it is not so easy if a low-quality concrete building might precipitously collapse in an earthquake potentially causing serious injury or even death to the inhabitants 8 . Two considerations help to take the agony out of the decision. The first is the recognition that safety is just one of the many factors that defines a good house. It may really be the case that a healthy house is more important than a safe house especially if the prevailing hazard is not that likely to threaten life. The second is the probable lack of funds, both

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and Development
Laura Davidson

), ‘ Equal Recognition Before the Law ’, UN Doc. CRPD/C/GC/1, www.ohchr.org/en/hrbodies/crpd/pages/gc.aspx (accessed 4 December 2020 ). Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities ( 2007 ), UN General Assembly, UN Doc. A/RES/61/106, 24 January, www

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Lewis Hine’s Photographs of Refugees for the American Red Cross, 1918–20
Sonya de Laat

, kinder world than appeals to rational moral arguments ( Rorty, 1998 : 122–3). Building on Rorty, visual theorist Sharon Sliwinski persuasively outlines that spectators’ ‘passionate responses’ to visual images of suffering and calamity, such as outrage, disgust, sorrow, or frustration, are aesthetic experiences necessary to preceded actions aimed at bettering humanity ( 2011 : 5, 23). For Sliwinski, the camera centralizes the importance of appearance, recognition, and perception through ‘world spectator’s’ faculty of judgment and subsequent engagement in the civil space

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

even hostile to wider norms and interests, attacks on civilians, IDPs and refugees and aid workers have grown. Fears of scarcity, feelings of injustice, lack of recognition and enervating insecurity have all taken their toll. The room for humanism has reduced as a result. We can see this in the backlash against human rights and the erosion of humanitarian space. Indeed, in what follows, I will suggest that without liberal world order, global humanitarianism as we currently understand it is impossible. Governments of rising powers, increasingly

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs