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Thibaut Raboin

3 The biopolitics of recognition Homonationalist formulations of asylum indicate the possibility that the state is bound to appear to be proactive in creating conditions of fairness for LGBT asylum seekers. This chapter looks at the administrative management of asylum, and argues that there is a contradiction at the heart of the social problem of asylum: asylum discourses are based on a specific regime of justification, that of universalistic human rights, which are consistently negated by a tough practice of exclusion. This contradiction puts the state at risk

in Discourses on LGBT asylum in the UK
The Nelson Mandela Bay Amabutho
Naomi Roux

have had to inscribe their history into public space and public consciousness by other means. One of the group’s driving aims is to agitate for material and symbolic recognition of its contribution to what one member terms ‘the last war of apartheid’. Like the traces of forced removals that remain half-submerged in the landscape around South End and elsewhere, the memory of Amabutho activity is embedded in the ordinary landscapes of the city: street corners, backyards and storm drains in Veeplaas, Kwazakele and New Brighton, which bear no obvious traces of the events

in Remaking the urban
Ireland’s constitutional politics of school choice
Eoin Daly

3 Tolerance, recognition and educational patronage: Ireland’s constitutional politics of school choice Eoin Daly This chapter examines the place and role of toleration and recognition in the Irish education system through a critical review of state support for religious schools, specifically of the historical legacy of the patronage system. In Irish political discourse there has been a general acceptance that religious freedom is best served by devolving public education to private ‘patron’ bodies. While in the past the ‘patronage’ model may have been understood

in Tolerance and diversity in Ireland, North and South
Cillian McBride

13 Toleration, respect and recognition in Northern Ireland Cillian McBride This chapter addresses the appropriate attitude to different identities in a divided society with particular respect to Northern Ireland. It outlines the problems inherent in the goal of recognition, and identifies the enduring strengths of tolerance, despite the criticism to which it has been subject. The problem facing Northern Ireland is how to create a shared future based on the firm foundation of equal citizenship. In large part, the appropriate legal mechanisms are in place, but our

in Tolerance and diversity in Ireland, North and South
Joy Y. Zhang and Saheli Datta Burton

also holds the key to understanding the trajectory of Chinese scientific development. To borrow a concept from Hegelian philosophy, we argue that the rise of China's life sciences is best understood as a ‘struggle for recognition’ (Honneth, 1996 ). The basic Hegelian insight is that mutual recognition is a pre-condition for self-realisation (Honneth, 1996 ). Thus, an actor's successful integration as a political or ethical subject within a particular community is dependent upon receiving, and conferring, appropriate forms of recognition. This

in The elephant and the dragon in contemporary life sciences
Transnational dynamics in post-genocidal restitutions
Elise Pape

Taking its starting point from a socio-anthropological study combining biographical interviews, semi-structured interviews and ethnographic observations collected between 2016 and 2018 in Germany, France and the United States among Ovaherero and Nama activists, and also members of different institutions and associations, this article focuses on the question of human remains in the current struggle for recognition and reparation of the genocide of the Ovaherero and Nama from a transnational perspective. First, the text shows the ways in which the memory of human remains can be considered as a driving force in the struggle of the affected communities. Second, it outlines the main points of mismatches of perspective between descendants of the survivors and the responsible museums during past restitutions of human remains from German anthropological collections. Third, the article more closely examines the resources of Ovaherero in the United States in the struggle for recognition and reparation, the recent discovery of Namibian human remains in the American Museum of Natural History in New York City and the questions that it raises.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Clara Duterme

Established during the Guatemalan Peace Process, the Oslo Accord contemplates the question of compensating the victims of internal armed conflict. Not only was this accord founded on the principles of victims rights, but it also intends to contribute to the democratic reconstruction of Guatemalan society through a process of recognition of victims status and memory – intended to have a reconciling function. The article focuses on the work of two organisations implementing the Oslo Accord and aims to analyse the discourses and practices of the local actors and their perception of the application of victims rights. Civil society actors and members of the National Compensation Programme demonstrate different approaches both in practical work and in representations of what is right. However, revendication of local cultural values is present in all actors discourse, revealing their ambiguous position in regard to state government.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Valérie Robin Azevedo

In recent years, exhumation campaigns of mass graves resulting from the armed conflict (1980–2000) between the Maoist guerrillas of PCP-Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) and the States armed forces have increased in Peru. People in rural Andes, the most marginalised sectors of national society, which were also particularly affected by the war, are the main group concerned with exhumations. This article examines the handling, flow and re-appropriation of exhumed human remains in public space to inform sociopolitical issues underlying the reparation policies implemented by the State, sometimes with the support of human rights NGOs. How do the families of victims become involved in this unusual return of their dead? Have the exhumations become a new repertoire of collective action for Andean people seeking to access their fundamental rights and for recognition of their status as citizens? Finally, what do these devices that dignify the dead reveal about the internal workings of Peruvian society – its structural inequities and racism – which permeate the social fabric?

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
John Harries, Linda Fibiger, Joan Smith, Tal Adler, and Anna Szöke

This article will query the ethics of making and displaying photographs of human remains. In particular, we will focus on the role of photography in constituting human remains as specimens, and the centrality of the creation and circulation of photographic images to the work of physical anthropology and bioarchaeology. This work has increasingly become the object of ethical scrutiny, particularly in the context of a (post)colonial politics of recognition in which indigenous people seek to recover dominion over their looted material heritage, including the remains of their dead. This ethical concern extends to the question of how and under what circumstances we may display photographs of human remains. Moreover, this is not just a matter of whether and when we should or should not show photographs of the remains of the dead. It is a question of how these images are composed and produced. Our discussion of the ethics of the image is, therefore, indivisible from a consideration of the socio-technical process by which the photographic image is produced, circulated and consumed.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal

This book examines the treatment of cultural and religious diversity - indigenous and immigrant - on both sides of the Irish border in order to analyse the current state of tolerance, and the kinds of policies that may support integration while respecting diversity. While it is sometimes argued that in contemporary societies we need to go ‘beyond tolerance’ to more positive recognition, new and continuing tensions and conflicts among groups suggest that there may still be a role for tolerance. The first set of chapters focus on the spheres of education, civic life and politics, including chapters on specific groups (e.g. travellers, immigrants), as well as the communal divisions in Northern Ireland. Later chapters reflect on the Irish experience of diversity, and assess the extent to which the conceptual approaches and discourses employed to deal with it are comparable between the jurisdictions of the Republic and Northern Ireland. Finally the book considers the implications for what constitutes the most appropriate approach to diversity - whether this should ideally be in terms of tolerance and mutual accommodation, of recognition, or transformative reconciliation. This is the first book to address the issue of tolerance across the broad sweep of different kinds of religious and cultural diversity in Northern Ireland and the Republic.