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Jonathan Blaney, Sarah Milligan, Marty Steer, and Jane Winters

recognition (OCR) and text that has been rekeyed, and will emphasise that the latter will be much more accurate than the former. It can, however, be very hard to judge just how many errors may be present in the text that you are searching, which more often than not will be hidden behind a beautiful facsimile image. Detailed information is very hard to come by, but in some instances a resource will not just mention the method of digitisation that has been used, but even provide statistics that will help you to evaluate what you are searching. British History Online, for

in Doing digital history
Love and (same-sex) marriage in the twenty-first century
Angela O’Connell

and public state for many people. Same-sex marriage disrupts the gendering of marriage and so threatens the familiar social and economic order. However, the twenty-first century has witnessed a major increase in public support for marriage rights for same-sex couples, and this chapter will trace how an apparently isolated court case grew into a new social movement. The focal point of this chapter is the 2004 High Court case taken by Katherine Zappone and Ann Louise Gilligan (the KAL case) for legal recognition of their marriage as a same-sex couple, which

in Defining events
Silvia Salvatici

place, the battle against slavery was intimately connected with the recognition of the suffering of other human beings, different because of their servile condition, from another race and often from geographically distant populations. This recognition was considered in itself a demonstration of humanity, Christianity and civilisation. In the second place, the abolitionist cause was associated with ‘modern’ forms of mobilisation, which, in Britain particularly, channelled a broad popular involvement and aimed to pressurise the relevant institutions. The creation of

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989
Edward Ashbee

’ inevitably brings in large numbers. Because of name recognition and his status as a celebrity, Trump had very significant start-up advantages over other ‘outsider’ candidates such as Dr Ben Carson or Carly Fiorina. He then built, as has been noted, a solid base amongst those who regarded identity and identity-related economic issues such as immigration and trade as pivotal. At the same time, the votes of those who opposed him were split between rival contenders and Trump was implicitly hailed, despite comments and claims that would have killed off any other candidacy, as a

in The Trump revolt
Shane Kilcommins, Susan Leahy, Kathleen Moore Walsh, and Eimear Spain

Criminal Procedure Act 2010. It is submitted that the re-emergence of the crime victim in Ireland was due to four principal influences that created pressure on the Irish government to alter the status of crime victims. These principal influences were: (1) victimology research; (2) the victims’ movement; (3) the recognition and expansion of human rights; and (4) crime became a national election issue, with a contemporaneous decrease in public satisfaction with the criminal justice system. The first three influences were international in character and the fourth

in The victim in the Irish criminal process
Abstract only
A juridical excursus
Shane Kilcommins, Susan Leahy, Kathleen Moore Walsh, and Eimear Spain

There has been growing recognition of the interests and needs of victims in the law arena, where previous emphasis had been predominantly on the rights of the accused and the offender (Christie, 1977 ; O’Hara, 2005 ). The result, in Ireland and in other jurisdictions, has been a series of developments which seek to enhance victims’ status in relation to the alleged wrongdoing. Via the deliberative capacity of domestic and EU legislatures drawing upon the (admittedly imperfect) opinion and will formation of their citizens (Habermas, 1996 : 135–50; Waldron

in The victim in the Irish criminal process

Embryo research, cloning, assisted conception, neonatal care, saviour siblings, organ transplants, drug trials – modern developments have transformed the field of medicine almost beyond recognition in recent decades and the law struggles to keep up.

In this highly acclaimed and very accessible book Margaret Brazier and Emma Cave provide an incisive survey of the legal situation in areas as diverse as fertility treatment, patient consent, assisted dying, malpractice and medical privacy.

The sixth edition of this book has been fully revised and updated to cover the latest cases, from assisted dying to informed consent; legislative reform of the NHS, professional regulation and redress; European regulations on data protection and clinical trials; and legislation and policy reforms on organ donation, assisted conception and mental capacity.

Essential reading for healthcare professionals, lecturers, medical and law students, this book is of relevance to all whose perusal of the daily news causes wonder, hope and consternation at the advances and limitations of medicine, patients and the law.

Abstract only
Power, resistance and identity in twenty-first-century Ireland
Series: Irish Society
Editors: Rosie Meade and Fiona Dukelow

This book analyses and critiques Irish society in the early twenty-first century, but seeks to do so by consciously avoiding myth-making and generalisation. It invites readers to revisit and rethink twelve events that span the years 2001-2009. It shows that all of these events reveal crucial intersections of structural power and resistance in contemporary Ireland. The book shows how the events carry traces of both social structure and human agency. They were shaped by overarching political, economic, social and cultural currents; but they were also responses to proposals, protests, advocacy and demands that have been articulated by a broad spectrum of social actors. The book also explores how power works ideologically and through policy instruments to support dominant models of capital accumulation. Identities are constructed at the interface between public policy, collective commitments and individual biographies. They mobilise both power and resistance, as they move beyond the realm of the personal and become focal points for debates about rights, responsibilities, resources and even the borders of the nation itself. The book suggests that conceptions of Irish identity and citizenship are being redrawn in more positive ways. Family is the cornerstone, the natural, primary and fundamental unit group of society. Marriage is the religious, cultural, commercial, and political institution that defines and embeds its values. The book presents a 2004 High Court case taken by Katherine Zappone and Ann Louise Gilligan for legal recognition of their marriage as a same-sex couple, which had taken place a year previously in Canada.

Rights and responsibilities
Neil Collins and David O’Brien

whole range of privileges would be denied to those with a weak rating. The project aims to be in place by 2020. China also leads the world in the development of facial recognition technology, which is being used in a range of diverse, sometimes comical, ways. The Temple of Heaven, one of Beijing’s leading tourist attractions, has installed facial recognition to prevent overuse of toilet paper. People using the facilities will receive a sixty-centimetre serving of paper after they have conducted a facial scan; the software will deny the same person any more

in The politics of everyday China
Silvia Salvatici

utensils’. 4 The aid sent to Portugal from other countries was an indication of the emergence of a new sensibility to others’ suffering, of which Voltaire’s lines were evidence. In the Poem on the Lisbon Disaster the French philosopher questioned himself on the human condition, on divine justice, on the presence of good and evil in the world. Voltaire was distraught at the victims’ pain and identified with those men and women ‘whom the earth devours’. The recognition of the suffering of fellow human beings and the display of sympathy were recurring elements in

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989