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The tragic story of theAboriginal prison on Rottnest Island, Western Australia, 1838–1903
Ann Wood

he appointed a Protector to keep watch. Yet during the sixty-five years the prison operated, it became a feared and hated place for Aboriginal people, with approximately 3,700 prisoners subjected to regimes of hard labour and harsh physical punishment – and 10 per cent of them died in custody. The island is now a place of great sadness for Noongar and other Aboriginal groups in Western Australia, and modes of recognition and

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Changing the discourse on Indigenous visitors to Georgian Britain
Kate Fullagar

monarch, George III, took some convincing to meet with these envoys. All previous delegations had quickly secured royal attention, owing to ongoing British recognition that Indigenous American satisfaction was critical to imperial claims across the Atlantic. George III did eventually meet with the Cherokees, who had come over to resolve a recent peace treaty between them after a ferocious two-year war. Although the King may have

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Hannah Mawdsley

narratives that the whole world understood and feared, in order to emphasise Australia's successes and independent nationhood from within the imperial fold. Cumpston's success during the pandemic also created both public and professional recognition of his efforts, which added weight to the public health reforms he sought to make. In 1921, he was created the first Director-General of the Australian Department of Health. Newspapers expressed confidence in his involvement: ‘Dr. Cumpston's connection with it is a guarantee that there will be solid work and

in Exiting war
Abstract only
The Indian Army and the fight for empire, 1918–20
Kate Imy

demonstrated that unified Sikh activism, armed with kirpans , could be an influential vehicle of change. In September 1920, the Government of India went further and granted Sikh soldiers the right to wear kirpans in plain clothes and uniforms. They claimed that it was ‘in recognition of the loyal and distinguished services rendered by the Sikhs in the Great War’. 21 The successful agitation at the Golden Temple inspired Sikhs to reclaim other holy spaces. In particular, many focused

in Exiting war
Material culture approaches to exploring humanitarian exchanges
Amanda B. Moniz

opened its doors to patients, the governors considered raising nurses’ wages, but ultimately rejected the idea. One nurse, they determined, did merit extra pay. ‘Eleanor Lock, one of the Nurses’, they noted, ‘had had, for several Months past, extraordinary Trouble’, and so in recognition of her ‘extraordinary Services’, the board voted her a ‘small Gratuity’ of eight dollars. 32 The governors’ recognition

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Romain Fathi, Margaret Hutchison, Andrekos Varnava, and Michael J. K. Walsh

British Empire for they were already reshaped by the 1918 Armistices and the 1919 and 1920 peace treaties and therefore it merely consolidated much that had already been decided and indeed that had happened. For example, as the chapter by Andrekos Varnava shows, one of the few clauses that did not change between the Sèvres and Lausanne Treaties was the Ottoman/Turkish recognition of British sovereignty over Cyprus. 5 Another example was how the British passed the creation of Armenian state(s) in 1919 to the French (in

in Exiting war
Charles-Philippe Courtois

Sectors identified for state intervention included the natural resources, mining, forests and hydro-electricity. The programme of L’Action française was made clear in insisting on the recognition of the ‘national character’ of the ‘State of Quebec’ as a ‘French state’, that must act in favour of the national interest in the economic sector. 70 Interestingly, L’Action française began using the expression ‘le Québec’ instead of the anglicism, ‘Québec’, mostly used until then, and also the term ‘l’État québécois

in Exiting war
Between liberal philhellenism and imperialism
Andrekos Varnava

recognition to their claim can only be a question of time’ and that the Colonial Office ‘would never … give them a definite and final “No”’. He also added that Athens was ‘willing and anxious to give us all the naval and military facilities we desire’. 60 The office of the prime minister asked the Colonial Office to receive the deputation ‘on his behalf’ because he was ‘too pressed with engagements’, and the Colonial Office set up a meeting with Amery for 26 October

in Exiting war
Aboriginal slavery and white Australia
Amanda Nettelbeck

. 57 Julian Stuart, ‘Nor-West Horrors: A Brand of Shame’, Sunday Times (Perth), 26 February 1905, p. 9. 58 Jane Lydon, The Flash of Recognition: Photography and the Emergence of Indigenous Rights (Sydney, Australia: UNSW Press, 2013), pp. 39–55; Adrian Graves, Cane and Labour: The Political Economy of

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Bronwen Everill

and commercial competition with slave traders. From the period of the Sierra Leone Company’s control of Freetown (1791–1807), the Black settler population used appeals to the anti-slave trading mission of the colony to demand intervention. Liberated African traders, operating beyond the bounds of the colony’s jurisdiction, pushed for recognition of their British status and protection against accidentally being enslaved. In

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995