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Frontier patterns old and new
Philip Nanton

controlling the illegal migration of 1874 could easily be mistaken for that of a twenty-first-century regulator of illegal trafficking. In his dispatches he noted: ‘The existence of these scattered islands with sheltered harbors stretching from St Vincent to Grenada make[s]‌ it difficult to keep control over the Grenadines trade and hence the movement of vessels there.’ 6 Many Leeward and Windward Islanders

in Frontiers of the Caribbean
David McGrogan

education, to disabled access at Premier League football stadiums, to equal pay for men and women in the BBC, to anti-semitism in the Labour Party – and everything in between. 73 The phenomena of pluralisation and autonomisation are, of course, self-reinforcing and concatenating. Legislation requiring businesses to report on the impact on human rights of their operations, in turn, causes those businesses to require suppliers to perform similar rituals of audit, and so on down the supply chain. This transforms not just the largest firm into a human rights regulator

in Critical theory and human rights
Abstract only
Anastasia Marinopoulou

science as the major autopoietic process for the system of science, it accomplishes the fortification of the input of science towards its own complex contingencies. Critical theory allows the political to act as the accountability regulator for science that examines and intervenes into discontinuities. Such an input on the part of critical theory acts as the mediating factor that not only reinforces systems’ differentiation, but also, due to differentiating processes, serves as a binding force for systems’ environment.13 Luhmann’s denunciation of consciousness

in Critical theory and epistemology
The many autonomies of private law
Gunther Teubner

nationalisation had never required a resolution of the problems of conflicting regulatory rationales, but privatisation and the creation of new regulators flushed this question out into the open. 65 Privatisation has created new tensions which have had recourse to private litigation as one arena for conflict resolution. 66 Explosive

in Critical theory and legal autopoiesis
David McGrogan

administrative space” in which States, international organisations, transnational governmental networks, and public-private hybrid regulators operate, and which is designed to protect individuals against the arbitrary deployment of official power within it. 47 Here, a “‘small c’ constitutionalism” 48 is said to exist in the form of a decentralised and bottom-up evolution of common administrative practices combined with certain fundamental principles – such as transparency, administrative review, and respect for human rights – underlying them. There are some who view

in Critical theory and human rights
On mediated unity and overarching legal-political form
Darrow Schecter

human and natural resources. They tend, on the contrary, to produce damaging swings from de-​regulation to erratic re-​regulation, and the rather haphazard introduction of government regulators. Today one is frequently confronted with the evident reality that states around the globe are not successfully coping with these problems, and that the imperative to plan flexibly and steer in a de-​centralised fashion has to be re-​thought outside of the established national frameworks if there are going to be solutions to state failure, climate change, economic instability

in Critical theory and sociological theory
David McGrogan

may now freely imagine it acting upon the population for a wide variety of purposes ranging far beyond the strengthening of its own internal forces. As Foucault puts it, once the State becomes envisioned as the “regulator of interests,” questions then begin to open up: “What should the State’s game be, what role should it play, what function should it perform in relation to that fundamental and natural game of private interests?” 86 Such questions are, indeed, an “essential element” of thinking on the State to this day. 87 And the scope of the answers to them

in Critical theory and human rights