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Ireland’s referendum and the journey from Gemeinschaft to Gesellschaft
Eugene O’Brien

‘replaced in its functions the previously dominant ideological State apparatus, the Church’ (Althusser 2001: 154). By making marriage central to the Gemeinschaft of Ireland, such ideological conformity was ensured from the beginning of the State. Marriage in Ireland was largely sacramental, as already noted, but it was also generative of other sacraments for the children of such marriages. Therefore, marriage engendered the baptism of the child, the sacrament of penance, followed by that of first communion and then later confirmation. Ideally, the children would then

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
The fraught relationship between women and the Catholic Church in Ireland
Sharon Tighe-Mooney

The Telegraph, ‘Women attempting to be priests, and those who try to ordain them, already faced automatic excommunication but the new decree enshrines the action as “a crime against sacraments” ’ (The Telegraph, 15 July 2010). The same body charged with investigating child-​ abuse cases was now in charge of investigating the ‘crime against sacraments’ that included any actions in terms of women and the priesthood. The Church, therefore, was focused on the shoring up of tradition rather than on introspection or a questioning of its practices. Given the zealousness

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
Silent and betrayed
Patricia Casey

elderly man was not where the Catholic Church was at any more’. This comment exemplifies the challenge that the Catholic Church in Ireland faces and especially the person in the pew, when the lacuna in theological knowledge is so enormous that priests such as this are ignorant of even the basics of the Catholic tradition. Reducing the nature and purpose of the sacrament of reconciliation to an elderly man in a dark room is entirely secular, superficial and dismissive while masquerading as faux progressiveness, on a par with the utterances of our worst politicians

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
A time of hope!
Vincent Twomey

the school, and nourished by active participation in the Christian sacraments and regular attendance at mass and other religious exercises (such as pilgrimages). The council’s liturgical 93   94 94 Tracing change and setting the context reforms, however necessary in themselves, were carried out in a way that impoverished the celebration of the mass, the very core of Irish Catholic spirituality, and practically wiped out traditional devotions, once the lifeblood of Irish Catholic life. In more recent years, the scandals caused first by a bishop being found to

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
Irish priests and the unravelling of a culture
Eamon Maher

interdiction on the display of any religious symbols in state-​subsidised schools, and religion is increasingly relegated to a largely private affair for those who still wish to practise it. Priests in France have therefore been dealing a lot longer with a secular state apparatus than their Irish counterparts and have developed various strategies for ministering to an ever-​decreasing number of people attending mass and the sacraments.This chapter will analyse the extent to which some French and Irish priests have attempted to grapple in their writings with a changed

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
Irish-American fables of resistance
Eamonn Wall

, reflects on the many-​sided role that her Catholic upbringing played in her formation as woman and writer: Those names come very easily to my mind –​names learned in childhood, memorised in childhood. They form one of those lists, those catalogues that made the blood race with the buildup. So many catalogues there were in the church I grew up in, so many lists: seven capital sins, three theological virtues and four moral ones, seven sacraments, seven gifts of the Holy Ghost. A kind of poetry of accumulation, gaining power like an avalanche from its own momentum. (Gordon

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
Church, State and modernity in contemporary Ireland
David Carroll Cochran

following Irish Independence.While the Church did much good –​educating children, caring for the sick, marking life’s stages through sacraments, forging communal bonds, linking people to the transcendent –​its close relationship with the State was, as Linda Hogan writes, ‘detrimental to both’ (2003: 111). Political power was corrupting. For Mark Patrick Hederman, the fusion of Church and State created ‘something of a police state’ with an ‘authoritarian’ character, one that tried to enforce a distorted version of human life that was ‘so narrow and so pure that it left out

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
Joe Cleary

nineteenth century, lacked the human and material resources to address the spiritual needs of the often only nominally Catholic population. Low ratios of clergy to laity in this pre-​Famine period were aggravated by lapses of clerical discipline in some dioceses, and, in many regions, levels of lay compliance with canonical obligations such as mass attendance or receiving the sacraments were poor. (David Miller later corroborated this picture by demonstrating that nearly universal weekly mass attendance was largely confined before the Famine to the relatively affluent

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
Peter Murray
Maria Feeney

agricultural and for all Ireland is 75% Catholic. The Catholics are all practising and most regular in receiving the Sacraments. The rural workers are not organized in Unions. In the Cities and large Towns the Catholic workers are nearly all good practicing Catholics. Certainly over 90% are. They are of course in Trade Unions. Close contact between the Priests and the workers has always existed. Priests all over the country are active members of various educational and social bodies, such as Vocational Education Committees, Old Age Pension Committees etc. A Bishop is

in Church, state and social science in Ireland
Karin Fischer

’ was set up in several dioceses.89 The preparation for sacraments was to rest more on the parish and on the parents–church–school triangle, thus expecting parents to be more directly involved and giving schools a supporting role rather than the central one.90 Such a development was supported by the Irish Primary Principals’ Network (created in 2000), through declarations made by Sean Cottrell, who headed the network at the time. At the same time, the Catholic Church never meant for ‘its’ schools to be entirely freed from their responsibility in this area. In 2006

in Schools and the politics of religion and diversity in the Republic of Ireland