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Abstract only
P.G. Maxwell-Stuart

the sacraments. 53 Finally, [acts of harmful magic do not occur] because of the sounds made by any human beings over any images, no matter what the grouping of planets at the time. Because a human being’s faculty of understanding is so constituted that his capacity for getting to know something arises from physical phenomena, a person endowed with intelligence must pay close attention to phenomena which appear in the mind [ phantasmata ]. He is not in a position to cause something [to happen] in the external world by having an idea or formulating an intellectual

in The Malleus Maleficarum
Abstract only
P.G. Maxwell-Stuart

deny the Faith and the most Christian form of worship 145 and “the woman who is more than a woman” (which is what they call the most blessed Virgin Mary), 146 and whether she or he will not revere the sacraments at any time. If he finds the novice or apprentice willing, then the evil spirit stretches out his hand, and so does the apprentice or novice, and, with a handshake, she promises to be his slave. 147 Once they have done this, the evil spirit immediately adds that it is not enough; and when the apprentice asks what more needs to be done, the evil spirit

in The Malleus Maleficarum
Guns, ships and printing presses
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

within Christian Europe; but it also spread certain unifying key ideas and the names of key authors who symbolized different schools of interpretations. One of these key ideas was the claim that religious faith was a private matter. This notion was formulated by several authors; the most famous were Martin Luther and Jean Calvin. Luther formulated the first, more obedient and passive challenge to the established doctrine that religious faith was demonstrated in acts – generally by participation in public ceremonies and sacraments. Since sacraments could not be

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)
Tara, the M3 and the Celtic Tiger
Conor Newman

the bottom of the hill. What makes this place so special is that it has retained its significance throughout the millennia, and by the centuries on either side of the birth of Christ it had become the focus of what is known as sacral or world kingship. The pedigree of world kingship at Tara is Indo-European. Based around the sacrament of hieros gamos (sacral marriage between man and sovereignty goddess), it is redolent with motifs of liminality (MacGoilla Easpaig, 2005 ), equinity, sacred drinks, fire ceremonies, taboos, ceremonial regicide, and so on. These

in Defining events
Abstract only
P.G. Maxwell-Stuart

repeat what St Antoninus says in Part II of his Summa , 266 that baptising images, worshipping evil spirits, offering them incense, trampling on the body of Christ in the mud, anything of this kind, which constitute the most appalling sins, do not make a person a heretic unless there is an error in his or her understanding [of the Faith]. So let us suppose someone were to do the following. He baptises an image but, while he is doing so, does not have erroneous opinions about the sacrament of baptism or its outcome, and does not believe that the baptism [he is

in The Malleus Maleficarum
Anna Green
Kathleen Troup

attention. Brideservice was seen as the selling of women. Christian life required, they insisted – averting their eyes from Spanish examples – that each married couple live with their issue in a single and separate dwelling. Women’s kin were no longer to interfere in marriages, for marriage was not an alliance between families but a solemn sacrament between individuals, transforming them into one flesh, binding each to each in Christian duty. 38 All pagan rituals were of course forbidden. Nor were any Indians to be trusted with Christian paraphernalia in their houses

in The houses of history
Abstract only
P.G. Maxwell-Stuart

odd, because the experience of a Sabbat frequently reported by both men and women would surely tend to support his notion of a diabolical conspiracy, although perhaps the drawing of attention to the involvement of men, an involvement so clear from the records, would blur the emphasis which Institoris wanted to place on the witch-as-woman. The destruction on which Institoris does concentrate much of his discussion is that of human fertility. Walter Stephens sees this as an indication of Institoris’s inmost doubts about the efficacy of the sacraments, particularly

in The Malleus Maleficarum
Dame Janet L. Nelson

Carolingians, that is, Charlemagne and his successors too, instilled into the societies and cultures they ruled a momentum for Christianization that demanded of lay individuals a more personal sense of religious responsibility. Charlemagne meant to inculcate New Testament spirituality as well as some of the practices of Old Testament piety. 78 Capitularies, letters and responses to them show, once again, how much this man wanted to know about what was going on, and how he set about getting the answers. Baptism was the foundational sacrament in that it made a person

in Debating medieval Europe
Abstract only
“Africa for the Africans”
Colin Grant

the Bible foretold “Princes shall come out of Egypt; Ethiopia shall soon stretch her hands unto God”. 22 And lo and behold, in 1930, with the coronation of Haile Selassie, that prophecy appeared to have come true. Like millions of other black people, Garvey was ecstatic. Alongside Liberia, at that time, Ethiopia was the only African country ruled independently of European powers. Garvey believed the coronation of the emperor of Ethiopia to be a racial sacrament, heralding a new order with better prospects for black people worldwide. Selassie was not only highly

in The Pan-African Pantheon
Abstract only
Helen Boak

, Nachlass Lüders 239; ‘Frauen im Justizdienst’, Nachrichtenblatt des BdF , 10:2 (February 1930), 15; S. Bajohr and K. Rödiger-Bajohr, ‘Die Diskriminierung der Juristin in Deutschland bis 1945’, Kritische Justiz , 13:1 (1980), 45–8; Stephenson, ‘Women and the Professions in Germany’, p. 277. 125 The women were not permitted to preach in a full church service, though some, for example Sophie Kunert, an assistant in Hamburg, did have the right in exceptional cases to administer the sacraments to women prisoners: Gaebel, ‘Die Berufslage der Akadmikerinnen’, pp. 280–2; A

in Women in the Weimar Republic