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Abstract only
Mary Donnelly and Claire Murray

, at best, and the ­normative foundations for decisions remain largely unexplored. The stifling impact of religious ethos, in particular that of Catholicism, is often cited as an explanation for the lack of debate around ethical issues in healthcare in Ireland in the past (McDonnell and Allison, 2006). However, given the increasingly secularised nature of contemporary Irish society (Inglis, 1998), it is no longer feasible to attribute an ongoing lack of debate to this source. Moreover, simple stereotyping based on conceptions of Catholicism or secularism is largely

in Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare
Abstract only
Contraceptive commercialisation before the Pill
Claire L. Jones

available on contraceptive practices throughout the first half of the twentieth century’, in Fertility, Class and Gender , pp. 402, 405–6. However, it should be noted that Lewis-Faning only interviewed women. 12 Cook, The Long Sexual Revolution; J. Banks, Victorian Values: Secularism and the Size of Families (Aldershot: Gregg Revivals, 1994); J. Banks and O. Banks, Feminism and Family Planning in Victorian England (New York: Shocken Books, 1977); P. Branca, Silent Sisterhood: Middle Class Women in the Victorian Home (London: Croom Helm, 1975); D. Gittins, Fair

in The business of birth control
Stephen T. Casper

membership of the Neurological Society. As historian David Millett has pointed out, the rise of a physiology of brain without a physiology of mind in Britain – in other words, the special secularism of British physiology – was markedly in contrast to that in Germany.108 Still the concomitancy of behaviour, psychic states, and simple reflexes suggested a state of efficiency optimised through evolution, upon which one might lay the foundations for a monist philosophy, one in fact eventually embraced by James Crichton-Browne. Few neurologists or physiologists adopted such a

in The neurologists
Self-help books in the early decades of the twentieth century
Jill Kirby

this feeling and deal with their own nervous suffering or that of someone close to them, whether caused by the war or wider issues. Such hunger for psychological knowledge owed less to Freud and psychoanalysis and more to an eclectic British interpretation of such ideas based on a psychology of self-improvement rather than the breaking down of the self required by psychoanalysis. 11 At the same time, increasing secularism and the development of mass marketing and new opportunities for leisure offered what Thomson has called ‘commodity

in Feeling the strain