Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 23 items for :

  • "secularism" x
  • Manchester Security, Conflict & Peace x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Understanding state responses to terrorism in Egypt
Dina Al Raffie

. Similar to several revivalist initiatives being established elsewhere across the Muslim world, the Ikhwan's raison d’être was the safeguarding of Muslims’ religious identity and the Islamic nature of Egypt against the perceived ‘economic and cultural imperialism’ of Western secularism. 3 The Ikhwan built on the critique of its intellectual predecessors whose main concern was the failure of religious institutions to provide spiritual guidance corresponding to the requirements of modernity. This generation of revivalists felt that reform within a secular constitutional

in Non-Western responses to terrorism
Tim Aistrope

. 132 For ‘Abduh rationalism was not to be rejected; but neither was secularism to be embraced. Instead, he advocated the revival of an earlier Islamic ‘golden age’ that was once at the cutting edge of scientific discovery and philosophic sophistication, and where reason was positioned as part of God-given human nature. 133 Thus ‘Abduh looked to a modernity that positioned

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy
Abstract only
Death and security – the only two certainties
Charlotte Heath-Kelly

accidentally reifies the performance of sovereignty. This introductory chapter turns to the philosophical literatures on mortality to construct a new theory of security, situating them in a socio-historical analysis of death practices. These sociological treatments highlight how death only took on its contemporary problematic form in the era of secularism and rationalism. Death was not a problem when sovereignty

in Death and security
Imogen Richards

of capitalism, when neoliberal subjects experience ongoing deprivation they become spiritually and physically isolated ( Braedley and Luxton 2010 ). The neoliberal values of secularism, liberalism, and science may be understood as internally contradictory in light of the paradigm’s early and late modern roots in the epistemological traditions of positivism. Despite neoliberalism’s ‘Enlightenment’ affiliations, and its derivation from both the Vienna Circle ( Ayer 1966 ), and Austrian and Chicago School economic theory ( Becchio and Leghissa 2016 ; see also Hayek

in Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism
Mark Webber

under the leadership of Kemal Atatürk (1923–38), is undeniable. Westernisation aligned to the principles of Kemalism (secularism, republicanism, populism, nationalism, etatism, reformism) consequently became an almost unchallenged leitmotif of Turkish development. This, in turn had important international consequences. Kemalist foreign policy had initially placed some emphasis on neutrality as a way of

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
‘Victim’ nations and the brotherhood of humanity
Rebecca Gill

: Missionaries, Secularism and Evangelical Modernity’, The American Historical Review , Vol. 102, No. 3, June 1997, 702. 15 The Macedonian vilayets were returned to Turkey. 16

in Calculating compassion
Tim Aistrope

, economically and politically. 93 This tension manifests in envy and frustration at the decline and deprivation of a once powerful civilisation, forced to bend and accede in the face of the modern West. 94 More fundamentally, it is present in the incompatibility of secularism and Islam, a faith that regulates not just spiritual life, but politics, economics and law. 95 According

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy
Michael Mulqueen

dialogue proposed between the various churches, faith communities and non-confessional organisations (Downes 2005b ). At its first plenary session in February 2007 the Taoiseach, Bertie Ahern, denounced ‘aggressive secularism … [which] would diminish our democracy’ (Cooney 2007 ). The rules of entry into the Garda were amended to allow ethnic minorities to join the force. In parallel, human rights

in Re-evaluating Irish national security policy
Jonathan Benthall

This review of Michael Cook’s Ancient Religions, Modern Politics: The Islamic case in comparative perspective (Princeton University Press, 2014) and Akeel Bilgrami’s Secularism, Identity, and Enchantment (Harvard University Press, 2014) was published in the Times Literary Supplement on 10 September 2014 under the heading ‘What

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
Israel and a Palestinian state
Lenore G. Martin

consisting predominantly of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) ( Shikaki, 1998 : 30–1). A second source of opposition to the regime consists of radical Islamists, primarily Hamas and Islamic Jihad , which also challenge its secularism and offer a competing set of legitimacy principles based upon Islamic precepts. 16 A

in Redefining security in the Middle East