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Wendy R. Childs
Phillipp R. Schofield

readership. 25 Other contentious elements of Edward’s history have attracted some attention. For instance, the question of how Edward died or when he died has involved lively, if inconclusive, debate. These discussions lead in similar directions to those associated with Edward’s sexuality; so, the persistent and likely irredeemable uncertainty about how Edward actually died does not prevent a slightly

in The reign of Edward II, 1307–27
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Alison I. Beach
Shannon M.T. Li
, and
Samuel S. Sutherland

establish or maintain control over the churches and monasteries in their territories, and the advocates of reform, who were determined to free the Church from them, crystalized around the symbolic process of investiture, and conflict and even violence ensued. Further, the drive of eleventh-century Church reformers to sharpen the distinction between the clerical and lay spheres, rooted in concerns about the pollution of the Church through clerical sexuality and simony, was mirrored in the calls of the Hirsau reformers for full separation from the secular world, as seen in

in Monastic experience in twelfth-century Germany
Gervase Rosser

. 1 On the themes of this section see further G. Rosser, ‘Urban culture and the Church 1300–1540’, in CUHB , pp. 335–69, with bibliography. 2 See in general R. M. Karras, Common Women: Prostitution and Sexuality in Medieval England , Oxford, 1996. On the tendency

in Towns in medieval England
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Rachel Stone
Charles West

This introduction puts the text into its early medieval context and explaining Hincmar's sometimes-dubious methods of argument. The book is a translation of the most significant source for the attempted divorce, a treatise known as De divortio Lotharii regis et Theutbergae reginae, written in 860 by Archbishop Hincmar of Rheims. It sheds much light on the Frankish world of its protagonists and on early medieval Europe in general. In 860 those supporting Lothar II's divorce were still able to discomfort Hincmar by drawing parallels between the trials of Ebbo and Theutberga; the matter was only finally settled in 868. The book offers eye-opening insight not only on the political wrangling of the time, but also on early medieval attitudes towards a host of issues including magic, penance, gender, the ordeal, marriage, sodomy, the role of bishops, and kingship.

in The divorce of King Lothar and Queen Theutberga
Rachel Stone
Charles West

This chapter contains the translated text ofDe divortio. It has several underlying sections, responding to the questions that Hincmar initially received. These sections were, however, further divided to make the twenty-three responses which appear in the manuscript. The original sections are as follows: the procedure at the councils of Aachen, rules on marriage, divorce and remarriage, the validity of ordeals, the next steps in Theutberga's case, the sodomy charge, Lothar's relationship with Waldrada and sorcery, Lothar's possibilities of remarriage, and the response of bishops towards appeals to them and the case of Engeltrude. De divortio also deals with seven further questions which Hincmar received six months after the first: who is able to judge the king, can the king avoid further judgement in the case, the case of Engeltrude, and the effects of communion with the king.

in The divorce of King Lothar and Queen Theutberga
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Craig Taylor

]. Indeed Joan’s virginity and lack of sexuality even became quasi-miraculous in the virtually hagiographic accounts offered by her military companions at the Nullification trial. They testified that they had lost all carnal desires around Joan, despite the fact that she was a beautiful woman, and also emphasised that she had refused to allow her soldiers to cavort with prostitutes and loose women [ 77, 80

in Joan of Arc
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Thietmar, bishop and chronicler
David A. Warner

one as young Otto’s budding sexuality was beginning to complicate the inheritance situation – a captive Slavic woman had just presented him with a son, William. 151 William would go on to a successful career as archbishop of Mainz and an occasionally difficult relationship with his father. 152 Thietmar thought well of Otto’s bride and intimated (in retrospect) that she might well be

in Ottonian Germany
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P. J. P. Goldberg

noticeably brief, and I have almost nothing to offer on such topics as women’s attitudes to sex and sexuality, their experience of pregnancy and childbirth, how they coped with childrearing or bereavement, what were their reactions to the barage of misogyny that reached them from the pulpit, the council chamber, or even perhaps fathers, husbands, or brothers, and whether they ever, like Christine de Pisan

in Women in England c. 1275–1525
David Jones

This chapter contains the translated and annotated text of the Liber Exemplorum.

in Friars’ Tales
Simon MacLean

This chapter contains the translated and annotated text of Regino of Prüm’s Chronicle.

in History and politics in late Carolingian and Ottonian Europe