Social class, the left-behind, migration and the history of underclass
occupations as exemplified by the demographics, including ethnicity, of car
wash attendants. Mobilities, the cocooning effect of the car cockpit and the
discombobulation of temporarily evacuated drivers bringing their car for
valeting at car wash enterprises. Employment structures and practices of car
washes and the economics of the geographical distribution of car wash
enterprises within urban landscapes. Semaphore, sign and cross-languaging in
bottom-rung car wash businesses. Aspiration, rags-to-riches myths and film
fantasies connecting British car wash work with the American Dream. The
interrelated economic histories of car wash employment and taxi driving.
As the tragedy of the Grenfell Tower fire of 14 June 2017 has slowly revealed a shadowy background of outsourcing and deregulation, and a council turning a blind eye to health and safety concerns, many questions need answers. Stuart Hodkinson has those answers. Safe as Houses weaves together Stuart’s research over the last decade with residents’ groups in council regeneration projects across London to provide the first comprehensive account of how Grenfell happened and how it could easily have happened in multiple locations across the country. It draws on examples of unsafe housing either refurbished or built by private companies under the Private Finance Initiative (PFI) to show both the terrible human consequences of outsourcing and deregulation and how the PFI has enabled developers, banks and investors to profiteer from highly lucrative, taxpayer-funded contracts. The book also provides shocking testimonies of how councils and other public bodies have continuously sided with their private partners, doing everything in their power to ignore, deflect and even silence those who speak out. The book concludes that the only way to end the era of unsafe regeneration and housing provision is to end the disastrous regime of self-regulation. This means strengthening safety laws, creating new enforcement agencies independent of government and industry, and replacing PFI and similar models of outsourcing with a new model of public housing that treats the provision of shelter as ‘a social service’ democratically accountable to its residents.
that echo repetition. The compound hosts the same type of families, of the same socialclass and nationality – ‘we're all, curiously, from the West Country’ (Ballard, 2006a : 474) – with the same entertainment activities. They are presented as clones in ‘huge self-contained holiday complexes’ (Ballard, 2006a : 476). This is strengthened through expressions that dilute any features of individualisation and difference – ‘a crowd of bewildered people’, ‘hordes of people’ (Ballard, 2006a : 475), and multiply normative behaviour exponentially, for example: ‘Everywhere
. While one aspect of the European
model of city centre living might involve a mix of socialclasses living in close
proximity to affordable shopping districts, the model that predominated in
Ireland focused on exclusive upmarket living, primarily orientated towards the
attraction of young middle-class workers. The notion of higher densities was
itself usurped by an obsessive desire for taller buildings, often proposed in historically sensitive areas such as the Liberties in Dublin. Those that were built
stand as reminders of a time now all but vanished. The monumental
Second, extent of access is of integral importance to any consideration
of CMC use, as with minimal access not only is its use restricted but its
influence upon others is curtailed. There has been a general push within
British society to increase access to CMC (Wills 1999). This has included the
increase of public access points at libraries and cafés, and provision at
schools, colleges and places of work. There remain, however, stark differences in access determined by locality, age, income, gender and socialclass
(Jordan 1999a; Walch 1999). Access
-year period from 1986 to 2006 (Lunn, Fahey and
Hannan, 2010). Research has consistently found that lone parents are more
likely to be from lower socialclasses than other parents (Lunn, Fahey and
Hannan, 2010). According to European Union Statistics on Income and Living
Conditions (EU SILC) data (CSO, 2009), they experience the highest at risk of
poverty (35.5 per cent), deprivation (63 per cent), and consistent poverty (17
per cent) rates of any household type. These EU SILC trend data suggest that
the fortunes of lone-parent families in Ireland improved over the boom
A pragmatist responds to epistemic and other kinds of frictions in the academy
contain 24 entries related to socialclass, including essays on class warfare and class consciousness and development of a consistent anti-capitalist position (for example, Dewey 1929/2008 b). Mentions of women are in the middle in frequency, at nineteen, and are less well developed theoretically.
Alcoff , L.M. ( 2006 ) Race, gender and the self . Oxford : Oxford University Press .
Alcoff , L.M. ( 2007 ) Epistemologies of ignorance: Three types , in S. Sullivan and N. Tuana , eds, Race and epistemologies of ignorance . Albany, NY
Situating peripheries research in South Africa and Ethiopia
Paula Meth, Alison Todes, Sarah Charlton, Tatenda Mukwedeya, Jennifer Houghton, Tom Goodfellow, Metadel Sileshi Belihu, Zhengli Huang, Divine Mawuli Asafo, Sibongile Buthelezi, and Fikile Masikane
everyday and researching the lived experiences of urban change are valid intellectual exercises. In practice, however, as we have progressed through our data collection we have debated and faced challenges with the question of who or what characterises the everyday. As outlined above, we commenced with the intention of giving voice to varying everyday lives occupying the peripheries, no matter what socialclass or housing form they occupied – our aim was to ‘sample’ those who lived there in order to capture multiple experiences of the peripheries. Our starting position
Martin , P. ( 2016 ). The biosocial: Sociological themes and issues . The Sociological Review Monographs , 64 ( 1 ): 7–25 .
Müller , N. , Weidinger , E. , Leitner , B. , and Schwarz , M.J. ( 2015 ). The role of inflammation in schizophrenia . Frontiers in Neuroscience , 9 : 372 .
Muntaner , C. ( 2004 ). Commentary: Social capital, socialclass, and the slow progress of psychosocial epidemiology . International Journal of Epidemiology , 33 ( 4 ): 674–80 .
Nussbaum , M. C. ( 2011 ). Creating capabilities . Cambridge, MA : Harvard
housing for rent, supported by a generous
financial subsidy, at standards previously the preserve of the
Arguably the heyday of public housing and state provision
came under the 1945–51 Labour government. Its main champion,
the left-wing Minister of Health, Nye Bevan, opposed speculative
house building and in a much-quoted speech he made to Parliament in 1949 envisaged public housing for all socialclasses as
part of his famous vision of a mixed community ‘where the doctor,
the grocer, the butcher and the farm labourer all lived in the same