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Abstract only
Lindsey Dodd

interest in the past that made them aware of having ‘participated in’ history. While this was not a ‘representative’ slice of the population, my concern was not for ‘representativity’ – how many men, women, of x age or y social class make a miniature copy of the population at large – but for a range of subjective experiences. The interviewees were sought by writing to local archives, war veterans’ associations, local community centres, elderly people’s social clubs and local genealogical circles. They were born between 1915 and 1939 and distributed across the towns. A

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45
Distinguishing capacity-restoring and capacity-increasing technologies
Jean-François Caron

social class. As a consequence, modern liberal societies have established sets of rules that are meant to be universal for their citizens. This was a major shift from the ancient societies of the Ancien Régime , in which certain individuals were able to enjoy distinctive rights that were solely based on their belonging to certain classes. 3 As a consequence, the capacity to pursue happiness was, of course, unequal in such

in A theory of the super soldier
Abstract only
Bernadette C. Hayes and Ian McAllister

facilitate the development of multiethnic political coalitions by providing incentives to decouple politics from identity and ethnicity. Political conflict should therefore coalesce around other cleavages, or cross-cutting forms of division, such as social class. To facilitate this change, proponents of this approach suggest that the electoral system should encourage pre-election pacts across ethnic lines

in Conflict to peace
Abstract only
Peter Shirlow, Jonathan Tonge, James McAuley, and Catherine McGlynn

the PUP, was the only unionist to vote in favour of the Northern Ireland Bill of Rights. Although fearful of ‘expansionist’ nationalism and republicanism, loyalist former prisoners have co-operated on a pragmatic basis in lowering localised territorial, sectarian and cultural tensions during the Orange ‘marching season’ and have supported, on social-class lines, republican efforts to abolish the

in Abandoning historical conflict?
Bryce Evans

public health during the Emergency. Wartime bread quality was a major contributing factor. In 1944 the government undertook a nationwide survey to examine the relationship between nutrition and physical health. Research undertaken into dietary standards across social class groups in Dublin, undertaken in early 1946, noted a calcium deficiency seemingly caused by the popularly

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
Hallucinating conflict in the political and personal frontiers of Ulster during the IRA border campaign of 1920–22
Fiachra Byrne

. 75 R. Lynch, ‘Explaining the Altnaveigh massacre’, Éire-Ireland , 45:3 (autumn 2010), 200–15, 210. 76 Ellison and Smyth, Crowned Harp , p. 25; P. Bew, P. Gibbon and H. Patterson, Northern Ireland 1921–2001: Political Forces and Social Classes

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
The impact of the First World War on attitudes to maternal and infant health
Fionnuala Walsh

century. Although this rose during the 1890s, it remained significantly below the levels witnessed elsewhere in the United Kingdom. 4 However, the difference between urban and rural Ireland was very evident. For instance, Dublin had a particularly high infant mortality rate. 5 Social class was a key determinant of infant mortality rates. The babies of labourers were

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
Active internationalism and ‘credible neutrality’
Christine Agius

groups. Initiated under Hansson’s grand coalition of the SAP, the conservatives, the liberals and the agrarians, it signified a turn in Swedish politics that revealed a wide form of consensus between all social classes rather than an adversarial style of politics. Coming out of the war years, employees refrained from demanding higher wages, consumers adhered to rationing, manufacturers froze prices and a general

in The social construction of Swedish neutrality
The Emergency Hospital Services in Second World War Northern Ireland
Seán Lucey

1921–2001: Political Forces and Social Classes (London: Serif, 2002), p. 49). 21 Kidd, ‘Ministry of Health for Northern Ireland’, 229. 22 Public Record Office of Northern Ireland

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
David Bolton

the year after the outbreak of the Troubles compared with the earlier period, most notably amongst men, those over forty years and those in social classes four and five. He attributed the fall in the incidence of depressive disorders to the greater opportunities to externalising aggression. Subsequently, other explanations were explored, including the possibility that the reductions might have arisen

in Conflict, peace and mental health