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Britain and Australia 1900 to the present
Author: Neville Kirk

Explanations of working-class politics in Australia and Britain have traditionally been heavily rooted in domestic 'bread and butter', socio-economic factors, including the much-debated issue of social class. 'Traditional' and 'revisionist' accounts have greatly advanced our knowledge and understanding of labour movements in general and labour politics in particular. This book offers a pathbreaking comparative and trans-national study of the neglected influences of nation, empire and race. The study is about the development and electoral fortunes of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) and the British Labour Party (BLP) from their formative years of the 1900s to the elections of 2010. Based upon extensive primary and secondary source-based research in Britain and Australia over several years, the book makes a new and original contribution to the fields of labour, imperial and 'British world' history. It offers the challenging conclusion that the forces of nation, empire and race exerted much greater influence upon Labour politics in both countries than suggested by 'traditionalists' and 'revisionists' alike. Labour sought a more democratic, open and just society, but, unlike the ALP, it was not a serious contender for political and social power. In both countries, the importance attached to the politics of loyalism is partly related to questions of place and space. In both Australia and Britain the essential strength of the emergent Labour parties was rooted in the trade unions. The book also presents three core arguments concerning the influences of nation, empire, race and class upon Labour's electoral performance.

White women and colonialism in Barbados and North Carolina, 1627–1865
Author: Cecily Jones

Whiteness, as a lived experience, is both gendered and racialised. This book seeks to understand the overlapping imbrication of whiteness in shaping the diverse material realities of women of European origin. The analysis pertains to the English-speaking slave-based societies of the Caribbean island of Barbados, and North Carolina in the American South. The book represents a comparative analysis of the complex interweaving of race, gender, social class and sexuality in defining the contours of white women's lives during the era of slavery. Despite their gendered subordination, their social location within the dominant white group afforded all white women a range of privileges, shaping these women's social identities and material realities. Conscious of the imperative to secure the racial loyalty of poor whites in order to assure its own security in the event of black uprisings, elite society attempted to harness the physical resources of the poor whites. The alienation of married women from property rights was rooted in and reinforced by the prevailing ideology of female economic dependence on men. White Barbadian women's proprietary rights as slave-owners were upheld in the law courts, even the poorest slaveholding white women could take recourse to the law to protect their property. White women's access to property was determined primarily by their marital status. The book reveals the strategies deployed by elite and poor white women in these societies to resist their gendered subordination, challenge the constraints that restricted their lives to the private domestic sphere, secure independent livelihoods and create meaningful existences.

Social rank, imperial identity, and South Asians in Britain 1858–1914

This book focuses on the role of class in the encounter between South Asians and British institutions in the United Kingdom at the height of British imperialism. The leaders of Britain's cricketing institutions recognised the validity of ranks in an Indian social hierarchy which they attempted to translate into British equivalents. Achievement of Kumar Shri Ranjitsinjhi, one of the greatest cricketers of all time was truly an imperial one, combining the cultures and societies of India and Britain to propel him to a prominence that he would not otherwise have attained. The most important government institution to interact with Indians in Britain was the India Office. The National Indian Association was the most popular forum for interaction among Indians in Britain and Britons interested in India. The London City Mission and the Strangers' Home for Asiatics were the prominent inner-city missions to reach out to Indians in London. The book explores the extent to which British institutions treated Indians as British subjects, sharing a common legal and imperial identity with the inhabitants of the British Isles. It identifies patterns of compassion among Britain's elite when interacting with needy Indians in the United Kingdom, and establishes the central role of education in the civilising mission, particularly through scholarships to study in Britain. The book focuses on the ambiguous responses of British institutions to Indian students in the United Kingdom, ranging from accommodation of Indian culture to acquiescence in British bigotry.

Felicity Jensz

these stations would have sub-stations for the children of emancipated slaves as well as children of the lower classes. Already within this plan was a division into social classes, reflecting some of the caste and class differences evident in nineteenth-century Sri Lanka. The graduates of these schools, it was assumed, would ‘be apprenticed to some useful trade, or be trained up so as to qualify them to

in Missionaries and modernity
Sexuality, labour and poor white women in North Carolina
Cecily Jones

the society. By the mid-eighteenth century, North Carolina had evolved into a patriarchal hierarchical social order founded on distinctions of race, gender and social class. Yet punitive legislation did not summarily end casual or permanent sexual unions between the various racial and cultural groups. That interracial marriages continued unabated is borne out by the passing of successive legislation in

in Engendering whiteness
Abstract only
Monuments, memorials and their visibility on the metropole and periphery
Xavier Guégan

, and thus a degree of successful cultural and political assimilation, these sites encountered very different readings and receptions. These varied according to the political and social principles connected to the rise of new social classes in both metropole and colony, and a growing political and social division between the subjects/citizens of the motherland and the inhabitants

in Sites of imperial memory
John M. MacKenzie

and Edwardian periods such literature was usually produced by middle-class writers and illustrates their desire to ally themselves with the ideals of the social class above them. It is not surprising, then, that natural history and the hunting ethic should be prominent in the worlds of the authors who sought to satisfy the rapidly expanding juvenile market in Victorian times. The natural world, particularly the

in Imperialism and juvenile literature
David Killingray

followers. The majority of European officers in colonial armies were professional soldiers drawn for the most part from the middle and upper classes. Social class separated them from the few European NCOs and they used separate messes and clubs. White officers were a class apart from ordinary Europeans and an assurance of their social and racial superiority cut a deep cultural chasm between them and all but a

in Guardians of empire
A study in language politics
Heather J. Sharkey

nationalism, and by fostering a new and more popular culture of Arabic reading that included men and women from modest social classes, these BFBS editions had the potential to shift extant social hierarchies. 7 At the same time, their distribution had the potential to make and remake communities of readers within territories that bore some relation to colonial borders, which Britain (in what is now Egypt and Sudan) and France (in the Maghreb) were imposing during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The society

in Chosen peoples
Abstract only
David Lockwood

However, whether the British people were enthusiastic about, or simply approved of, or were plainly apathetic towards the empire, is an entirely different issue from that of their responsibility for its crimes and triumphs. 64 But both sides in the debate fail to emphasise the fact that enthusiasm, approval, or apathy for the empire ebbed and flowed over time; and that attitudes towards the empire were significantly conditioned by social class. For this reason, when they reach the interwar period, their judgement is

in Comic empires