Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 657 items for :

  • Manchester History of Medicine x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Reorganizing leprosy care, 1890– 1900
Stephen Snelders

142 6 Towards a modern colonial state: reorganizing leprosy care, 1890–​1900 The death of Father Damien in the Kulawao leprosy settlement on the Hawaiian island of Molokai in 1889 spread fears of leprosy as an ‘imperial danger’ across the world. Once again, the international medical community was convinced of leprosy’s contagiousness and considered the advisability of compulsory segregation. These developments occurred during a reorganization of leprosy care in Suriname in the 1890s. However, this reorganization had a dynamic of its own tied to the heritage of

in Leprosy and colonialism
Elisha P. Renne

11 Polio vaccination, political authority and the Nigerian state Elisha P. Renne So I told him [a soldier] that even if they are going to kill me, I will not allow the governor to enter my house … I also said in the governor's presence that even if President Jonathan comes here, I will not allow them to immunize my child. So the governor

in The politics of vaccination
Stephen T. Casper

• 4 • Neurology and state medicine Introduction Neurological science and clinical practice changed enormously between 1900 and 2000. In 1910, clinical practice would have involved a physician listening to a patient’s history and then examining his or her body. Neurological technique was semiological (concerned with identifying and linking the body’s signs to disease).1 Using the patient’s history and applying clinical acumen, the physician would derive a diagnosis of the nervous condition. It was this special act of diagnosis that determined the neurologist

in The neurologists
Michael Robinson

of power would have a detrimental impact on the Ministry's remit and function in the region. Ministry officials in the region were subsequently dissatisfied at not being represented during treaty negotiations to discuss these concerns. 3 The establishment of the Free State would go on to cause much consternation amongst Ministry staff in the region, especially in the aftermath of an article in the Irish Times falsely reporting that the administration of the department would

in Shell-shocked British Army veterans in Ireland, 1918–39
Jane M. Adams

6 National assets and national interests: spas and the state Prior to 1914 the clientele at English spas was drawn from the middle and upper classes with limited provision of services for the poor provided through charitable organisations. The role of local authorities in providing medical bathing institutions, pump rooms, parks and gardens – all elements of the expected treatment and social facilities of watering places – had increased in many resorts. Although this publicly funded infrastructure was intended to enhance the appeal of the whole resort to visitors

in Healing with water
David Luesink

6 State power, governmentality, and the (mis)remembrance of Chinese medicine David Luesink Introduction: anatomo-medicine and the body of Yuan Shikai On June 6, 1916 at ten o’clock in the morning, President Yuan Shikai died in Beijing. Attending were his two western-style physicians, Drs. Wong Wen-tso and J. A. Bussière, but also present were the Chinese-style physicians of his many wives, concubines, children, and servants.1 Here the stage was set for a battle of two therapeutic forms over the body of the most powerful man in the very fragile Republic: between

in Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine
Polio in Eastern Europe
Dora Vargha

3 Vaccination and the communist state: polio in Eastern Europe Dora Vargha In December 1959, Hungary introduced into its national immunisation programme the Sabin vaccine, the live poliovirus vaccine that has been the tool of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative since 1988. This campaign put Hungary in the front line of polio vaccination with live virus vaccines along with the Soviet

in The politics of vaccination
Ana María Carrillo

5 Vaccine production, national security anxieties and the unstable state in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Mexico Ana María Carrillo Introduction Since pre-Columbian times, Mexico has experienced notable periods of progress in science and technology. Political, economic and social problems have, however, often interrupted these developments, thus the country has been forced to rebuild

in The politics of vaccination
Laurinda Abreu

9 Epidemics, quarantine and state control in Portugal, 1750–1805 Laurinda Abreu Introduction On 15 May 1756, some two months after reports had arrived of an outbreak of plague in Algiers and just a few days after his own appointment as Secretary of State for Home Affairs, the most important government post in Portugal, Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, the future Marquis of Pombal, ordered Dom João de Lencastre, Colonel of the Naval Regiment, to proceed immediately to the fort of Paço d’Arcos (on the northern shore of the mouth of the Tagus, west of Lisbon

in Mediterranean Quarantines, 1750–1914
John Welshman

9 Wardens, letter writing and the welfare state, 1944–74 John Welshman The previous chapters have concentrated on the large-scale, long-stay facilities that have been the main focus of asylum histories in the United Kingdom. These institutions still dominated the landscape of care in the third quarter of the twentieth century, although reformers were already advocating alternative forms of provision that were closer to patients’ homes and families and better integrated with other health and welfare services. This shift in the locus of care was associated with

in Mental health nursing