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Kevin Harrison
Tony Boyd

This chapter explores the concept of the state, looking at various theories of the state and identifying its major characteristics and then how far real states measure up to these characteristics. Finally, it examines the issue of whether the state is still as fundamental a political institution as it has been over the past four centuries

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Sam King

One of the typical features of contemporary imperialism is the growing and indispensable importance of state support, particularly for big capital. Boron argues that ‘virtually all of the world’s largest corporations have experienced decisive support from government policies and trade barriers to make them viable’. 1 However, much contemporary writing tends

in Imperialism and the development myth
Jack Lawrence Luzkow

6 Rethinking the state Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectful, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind. — George Orwell The United States spent more on its big bank bailout, which helped the banks to maintain their generous bonuses, than it spent to help those who were unemployed as a result of the recession that the big banks brought about. — Joseph Stiglitz1 The Great Recession of 2008 and its aftermath alerted us once again to the dangers of an unfettered and unregulated market. The US, followed by the UK

in The great forgetting
Katy Hayward

M1634 - HAYWARD TEXT.qxp:ANDY Q7 27/1/09 13:23 Page 189 8 Governance, state and polity This chapter examines the conceptualisation of ‘governance’ in Irish official discourse in relation to both the Irish ‘state’ and the European ‘polity’. ‘State’ and ‘polity’ constitute the broad conceptual and institutional supporting frameworks for the meaning and significance of governance in nation-statehood and European Union respectively. The traditional narrative of the state is national self-determination, i.e. quest of the nation to decide and direct its own forms

in Irish nationalism and European integration
Ciarán O’Kelly

Introduction This chapter is about national ties and how they are supposed to act as a glue that holds the state together in the eyes of its citizens. A nation-state, so the story goes, is one where all the people in the state are bound together by ties of national solidarity. The solidarity legitimates the state – it tells the citizens why they are members and why it is right for the state to exist

in Political concepts
Edward Ashbee

8 A permanently leaner state? The concluding chapter considers the durability of the processes of restructuring and the efforts to create a permanently leaner state that are now taking place, particularly in the UK. It argues that despite the radicalism of the changes being ushered in, they are nonetheless vulnerable to later roll-back In surveying the state and its institutional ‘stickiness’, Chapter 2 suggested that gradual change processes may have a rather more limited character than it sometimes appears. While the scholarly pendulum has now swung

in The Right and the recession
Imogen Richards

response to its extensive exploitation of the oil and gas trade in the Middle East, and its dependence on the dominance of the US dollar, Nafeez Ahmed (2015) presciently described IS as the ‘cancer of modern capitalism’. Owing to its declaration of a Caliphate, paramilitary operations, and state-building practices, IS was until 2017 sometimes described as a quasi-nation state ( Cronin 2015 ), in contrast to the widely recognised networked and global geo-economic orientation of AQ. Building upon these existing explanations of neo-jihadism, in this chapter I illustrate

in Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism
Abstract only
Neil Collins
Andrew Cottey

3835 Understanding Chinese:Layout 1 12/7/12 11:04 Page 39 2 The Party-state The CCP is at the heart of Chinese politics. In Western liberal democracies, the separation between state and political parties is a fundamental principle and political parties compete via regular elections to govern the state. In the Chinese system, the formal separation between state and Party has little meaning with the CCP and the state effectively merged. Most people, irrespective of the political system, judge politics by its outputs – material and ideological. The PRC

in Understanding Chinese politics
The ‘drift’ phenomenon in the ‘free Tibet’ and global warming campaigns
Stephen Noakes

104 4 State-​directed advocacy: the ‘drift’ phenomenon in the ‘free Tibet’ and global warming campaigns T here is yet a third model of advocacy arising from global engagement with China, one in which target state preferences not only shape the results of individual campaigns, but also their ideological core. I  call this metamorphosis of principles ‘advocacy drift’. It is exemplified by the campaigns around global warming and Tibetan independence, their varied ‘results’ notwithstanding. As with the ‘natural cases’ explored in chapter two, these campaigns show

in The advocacy trap
Constance Duncombe

The image of Iran stretches back thousands of years to the time of Cyrus the Great and the Persian Empire. The vast empire covered lands from Asia Minor to Europe and Egypt, and was the largest of its kind until the last emperor was overthrown by Alexander the Great. Thus, the components feeding into Iranian state identity have been continually negotiated and (re)constructed over time. Iranian state identity under the Pahlavi shahs, from 1925 until the overthrow of the last shah in 1979, is often understood as completely distinct from the post

in Representation, recognition and respect in world politics