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Roger Forshaw

Hesyre was a high court official in ancient Egypt and lived about 2650 bc during the reign of King Djoser. He managed to combine religious as well as secular posts, and has the distinction of being the first recorded physician and firstknown dentist in history. Healthcare developed at an early period in ancient Egyptian history as is supported by the evidence from the skeletal and mummified remains, from the artistic record, as well as from inscriptional and textual sources. These textual sources, the medical papyri, provide details of medical procedures undertaken, drugs employed and treatments provided - some of which have influenced modern medical practice. What we know about Hesyre comes from his impressive tomb at Saqqara, the walls of which are brightly decorated with items of daily life. Additionally, the tomb contained six fine wooden panels listing Hesyres titles, among them those relating to his practice of medicine and dentistry.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Open Access (free)
The Finnish self-taught and disabled man as a writer of ephemeral literature
Tuija Laine

The next ego document by Tuomas Ragvaldinpoika describes the surgery on his harelip in Turku in 1763. Surgery of this kind was still quite rare at the time. As in other countries during the Enlightenment, the role of priests as healers and doctors at the local level was highlighted in Finland, a country in which there were few properly trained medical practitioners. Harelip surgery was a highly exacting task, and in this case was performed by the city doctor of Turku, Gerhard Odenadt. The operation fixed the harelip, but it

in Religious Enlightenment in the eighteenth-century Nordic countries