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Cartographic temporalities

The digital era has brought about huge transformations in the map itself, which to date have been largely conceptualised in spatial terms. The emergence of novel objects, forms, processes and approaches in the digital era has, however, posed a swathe of new, pressing questions about the temporality of digital maps and contemporary mapping practices, and in spite of its implicit spatiality, digital mapping is strongly grounded in time. In this peer-reviewed collection we bring time back into the map, taking up Doreen Massey's critical concern for 'ongoing stories' in the world, but asking how mapping continues to wrestle with the difficulty of enrolling time into these narratives, often seeking to ‘freeze’ and ‘fix’ the world, in lieu of being able to, in some way, represent, document or capture dynamic phenomena. This collection examines how these processes are impacted by digital cartographic technologies that, arguably, have disrupted our understanding of time as much as they have provided coherence. The book consists of twelve chapters that address different kinds of digital mapping practice and analyse these in relation to temporality. Cases discussed range from locative art projects, OpenStreetMap mapping parties, sensory mapping, Google Street View, visual mapping, smart city dashboards and crisis mapping. Authors from different disciplinary positions consider how a temporal lens might focus attention on different aspects of digital mapping. This kaleidoscopic approach generates a rich plethora for understanding the temporal modes of digital mapping. The interdisciplinary background of the authors allows multiple positions to be developed.

Open Access (free)
Digital photography and cartography in Wolfgang Weileder’s Atlas
Rachel Wells

5 ‘Space-crossed time’: digital photography and cartography in Wolfgang Weileder’s Atlas1 Rachel Wells The places we have known do not belong only to the world of space on which we map them for our own convenience. They were only a thin slice, held between the contiguous impressions that composed our life at that time; the memory of a particular image is but regret for a particular moment; and houses, roads, avenues are as ­fugitive, alas, as the years. (Proust, 2002: 513) The creation of an ‘Atlas’ is an ambitious project. The word suggests accuracy in detail

in Time for mapping
Exploring the real-time smart city dashboard
Michiel de Lange

11 From real-time city to asynchronicity: exploring the real-time smart city dashboard Michiel de Lange A plea for asynchronicity In a thought-provoking ‘design fiction’ exercise, design researchers Bleecker and Nova invert the discourse of instantaneity in urban computing and digital cartography (Bleecker and Nova, 2009). Urban new media tend to promote a speeding up of time: there is here a conspicuous arms race towards more instantaneity, more temporal proximity between events, people and places. Communication is promoted to be ‘just-in-time’; feedback to your

in Time for mapping
The case for practice theory
Matthew Hanchard

7 Digital maps and anchored time: the case for practice theory Matthew Hanchard Introduction Digital maps are increasingly embedded within everyday practices, from choosing a holiday destination to gaining directions to a bar. As hypermediate and remediate forms (Bolter and Grusin, 2000), they are situated within a complex array of connected technologies: web mapping services output digital cartography via popular web map engines like Google and Bing Maps which, in turn, sit embedded on websites. Meanwhile, location-based services allow users to check in almost

in Time for mapping
Philip Lawton

7 Rethinking the liveable city in a post boom-time Ireland Philip Lawton If land is simply given away to the highest bidder, the future of the city will be controlled by the bidders and not by the people who live and work there and must live with the consequences. (Angotti, 2008: 223) The predominant portrayal of the built environment in Ireland since the economic downturn of 2008 has been that of half-empty housing estates, flooded apartment blocks, and main streets covered in ‘to let’ and ‘for sale’ signs. It is a painful reality far removed from the utopian

in Spacing Ireland
Open Access (free)
Heterogeneous temporalities, algorithmic frames and subjective time in geomedia
Pablo Abend

4 Seasons change, so do we: heterogeneous temporalities, algorithmic frames and subjective time in geomedia Pablo Abend The frozen circumstances of space only come alive when the melody of time is played. (Thrift, 1977: 448) Introduction As distinct from the moving image, it has been argued that the purpose of maps is to codify spatial knowledge in stagnant form by affording a firm coupling of standardised cartographic signs. Bruno Latour treats the map as an archetypal ‘immutable mobile’, or more precisely as an ‘immutable and combinable mobile’ (Latour, 1986

in Time for mapping
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Place, society and culture in a post-boom era

Ireland is a turbulent place. This book engages readers with the contours of transformation of Irish society through a series of distinct episodes and sites where change can be confronted. The content of the book intersects with the boom and bust themes to explore the economic and social implications of the recession. The processes are as diverse as cross-border development, farming knowledges, food movements, and the evolution of traditional Irish music. The modernisation of Irish society during the Celtic Tiger and its subsequent demise was a 'spatial drama' involving transformation in the material landscape and the imaginative representation of the island. The first part of the book explores the revolving intersections of identity politics with place. It tracks the discovery of the ghost estate and the ways in which it has been implicated in debates about the Irish economic crash, complicating ideas of home and community. After a discussion on immigration, the book discusses the role of migrants in filling labour and skill shortages. The second part pays attention to questions of mobility and consumption in urban and rural contexts. The new Irish motorway network, free time, leisure and holidaying in the lives of lone parents during the Celtic Tiger, and the role of National Asset Management Agency (NAMA) are discussed. The third part explores diverse cultural practices and some longstanding representations of Ireland. An autobiographical tour of the pub session, National Geographic's representations of Irish landscape and the current Irish imagination are the key concepts of this part.

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Joanne Hudson

Beyer and Peacock foundry. But in the second half of the twentieth century, the social, economic and cultural wealth that this industrial belt created slowly ebbed away following deindustrialisation and large-scale economic restructuring. Today, although new developments are appearing apace, as Manchester emerges from the financial turmoil of 2008, pockets of post-industrial wastelands persist. One such site, still caught in a developmental time gap caused by multiple fractures in capitalist rhythms, located adjacent to Gorton Road, and in close proximity to Ashburys

in Manchester
Open Access (free)
Mapping times
Alex Gekker, Sam Hind, Sybille Lammes, Chris Perkins, and Clancy Wilmott

1 Introduction: mapping times Alex Gekker, Sam Hind, Sybille Lammes, Chris Perkins and Clancy Wilmott Digital mapping, though generally conceived as a spatial activity, is just as strongly grounded in time. The digital era has disintegrated the representational fixity of maps, and instead given rise to maps that shift with each moment and movement. Scholars, adept at grappling with the spatial implications of digitality, continue to struggle to conceptualise and communicate the temporal consequences of maps. In this collection, we seek to take up Doreen Massey

in Time for mapping
The deep mapping projects of Tim Robinson’s art and writings, 1969–72
Nessa Cronin

3 ‘The fineness of things’: the deep mapping projects of Tim Robinson’s art and writings, 1969–72 Nessa Cronin But if it is true that Time began, it is clear that nothing else has begun since, that every apparent beginning is a stage in an elder process.The compass rose that unfurled about me in Aran, I now discover, had its stem in London.1 – Tim Robinson Tim Robinson’s work has become a touchstone for those interested in, and concerned with, the changing nature of the modern Irish landscape. In particular, the production of the maps of The Burren (1977; 1999

in Unfolding Irish landscapes