, which addresses the three different states in which the city of Genoa
has existed according to the vagaries of time. This part has three chapters:
the first discusses
the city’s nature and size (qualis et quanta) at the time of
its founding; the second discusses
its nature and size
worshipped Venus; the area of Italy around Rome worshipped Saturn; and
another part of Italy worshipped Mercury.
Many peoples also worshipped the elements. In fact, the first person to
worship the elements was Nimrod, who worshipped fire and forced others to
worship it as well. It is said in the Scholastic history that this
Nimrod lived until the time of Abraham, and when Abraham refused to worship
fire Nimrod threw
This source book offers a comprehensive treatment of the solitary religious lives in England in the late Middle Ages. It covers both enclosed anchorites or recluses and freely-wandering hermits, and explores the relation between them. The sources selected for the volume are designed to complement better-known works connected with the solitary lives, such as the anchoritic guide Ancrene Wisse, or St Aelred of Rievaulx’s rule for his sister; or late medieval mystical authors including the hermit Richard Rolle or the anchorite Julian of Norwich. They illustrate the range of solitary lives that were possible in late medieval England, practical considerations around questions of material support, prescribed ideals of behaviour, and spiritual aspiration. It also covers the mechanisms and structures that were put in place by both civil and religious authorities to administer and regulate the vocations. Coverage extends into the Reformation period to include evidence for the fate of solitaries during the dissolutions and their aftermath. The material selected includes visual sources, such as manuscript illustrations, architectural plans and photographs of standing remains, as well as excerpts from texts. Most of the latter are translated here for the first time, and a significant proportion are taken from previously unpublished sources.
fruits will persist in
heaven, as the Lord says: Do not work for food that perishes but for that
which endures in eternal life .
It is therefore fitting to take refuge occasionally in the tranquillity of
the mind and to see with the mind's eye how sweet the Lord is .
Furthermore, from time to time it is useful to commit to writing
that Janus, first king of Italy, built our Janicula.
And it is also clear from authentic chronicles that the aforesaid Janus
reigned in the time of Moses, namely at the time in which Moses held the
leadership of God's people in the desert—although other chronicles say
that this same Janus reigned at the time of Abraham.
It is also clear from all the authentic chronicles
, which deals with the spiritual governance of the city of Genoa. This
part has two chapters: the first explains the time in which the city was
awarded the honour of a bishopric , while the second explains the time
in which it was raised to the dignity of an archbishopric.
Chapter one: When
describes the dates , names , and orders of all the bishops who
are recorded as having
existed in the city of Genoa. This part has as many chapters [nineteen]
as the names of the bishops who are included here.
Regarding the time in which the city of Genoa first received a
bishopric, we expressed our opinion
, which describes the time in which the city of Genoa was converted to
the faith of Christ. This part has three chapters: the first chapter
explains how the entire world was enslaved to the cult of idolatry. The
second chapter explains how Genoa was the first city , or one of the
first cities in Italy , to be converted to the
Here follows part twelve , which contains the
names , dates , and orders of all the archbishops who have
presided in the city of Genoa up to our own time; this part has as many
chapters [eight] as there are names of archbishops. Let us therefore
lay out the names and dates of these archbishops in order.
Chapter one: Regarding Siro, last bishop and first
direction, and the anchorhold attached to the Carthusian priory at Sheen
(Surrey) had a garden added to it some time after its foundation in
1417. 6 The cells of Carthusian
monks each had a small private garden, and the restored cell at Mount Grace
Priory (N. Yorks.) gives an idea of what such a garden might have looked
like. Such evidence for attention to an anchorite’s physical health
and wellbeing provides a pleasant counter