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Open Access (free)
M. Anne Brown

EAST TIMOR WAS forcibly incorporated into Indonesia in 1975 and managed, through a confluence of circumstances that was at once remarkable and yet another example of a suppressed people snapping back like bent but unbroken twigs (to use Isaiah Berlin’s phrase), to become independent almost twenty-five years later. Now the territory, poised on the edge of statehood, is undergoing transition, but also flux and confusion. At the time of writing the United Nations Transitional Authority for East Timor (UNTAET) is effectively the Government of

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Charmian Brinson and Richard Dove

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 09/04/2013, SPi 9 ‘Peace for our time’ In early October 1938, the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain returned to Britain after signing the ill-fated Munich Agreement, which effectively dismembered Czechoslovakia. Standing outside 10 Downing Street, triumphantly waving ‘a piece of paper’, signed by himself and ‘Herr Hitler’, Chamberlain announced that he had achieved ‘peace for our time’. Historians, with the benefit of hindsight, have dealt harshly with Chamberlain, but it is worth noting that his stance commanded wide

in A matter of intelligence
Paul Copeland

4 The negotiation of the revision of the Working Time Directive This second of the three case study chapters analyses the negotiations on the revision of the Working Time Directive (WTD). How much people work is an important and contested aspect of economic life. By some normative standards, working fewer hours is an important measure of the ‘good life’, to be weighed against growth, employment, and other measures of economic wellbeing (Burgoon and Baxandall, 2004: 439–440). In 1993 the WTD was introduced to regulate and harmonise working time across the EU. It

in EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension
Andy Smith

by the majority of the population only since the 1970s, banks have been the dominant lender of credit to French businesses since at least the mid-nineteenth century. Indeed, as recently as 1976 the ratio of bank loans to stocks and shares in France was 85:15 (as in West Germany), figures in sharp contrast to the UK’s 58:42 and the US’s 51:49 ratios ( Levy, 1999 ). However, at that time the big difference between France and West Germany was that French banks were not independent from the state. Indeed, as Jonah Levy highlighted, until the 1980s, the state even fixed

in Made in France
Open Access (free)
Time-space, disciplines, margins
Author: Saurabh Dube

This book explores modernity, the disciplines, and their interplay by drawing in critical considerations of time, space, and their enmeshments. Based in anthropology and history, and drawing on social-political theory (as well as other, complementary, critical perspectives), it focuses on socio-spatial/disciplinary subjects and hierarchical-coeval tousled temporalities. The spatial/temporal templates reveal how modern enticements and antinomies, far from being analytical abstractions, intimate instead ontological attributes and experiential dimensions of the worlds in which we live, and the spaces and times that we inhabit and articulate. Then, the book considers the oppositions and enchantments, the contradictions and contentions, and the identities and ambivalences spawned under modernity. At the same time, rather than approach such antinomies, enticements, and ambiguities as analytical errors or historical lacks, which await their correction or overcoming, it attempts to critically yet cautiously unfold these elements as constitutive of modern worlds. The book draws on social theory, political philosophy, and other scholarship in the critical humanities in order to make its claims concerning the mutual binds between everyday oppositions, routine enchantments, temporal ruptures, and spatial hierarchies of a modern provenance. Then, it turns to issues of identity and modernity. Finally, the book explores the terms of modernism on the Indian subcontinent.

From armed conflict to Brexit
Author: Eamonn O'Kane

The peace process in Northern Ireland has been widely praised for resolving the longest running post-war conflict in Europe. However, there is often misunderstanding about what happened in Northern Ireland and why. Drawing on a wide range of sources, this book offers an analysis of the origin, development and outcome of the peace process. It argues that the changes that Northern Ireland experienced from the early 1990s can only be understood if they are examined in the context of the time in which they occurred. It challenges some of the criticisms of the peace process that have emerged in recent years and argues these are based on either a misunderstanding of the purpose of the process or on information that was not available to the main actors at the time. The peace process was primarily an attempt to persuade those groups using violence to abandon their armed campaigns, rather than a specific attempt to create a fairer or more just society. The question became how this could be achieved and at what cost? The book charts and explains the ongoing challenges faced by Northern Ireland as it seeks to transition from a conflict to a post-conflict society. It highlights the lack of trust that has been a continuing and, at times, debilitating feature of the region’s politics since 1998. It concludes by considering the extent to which Brexit offers a challenge that might undermine the progress that has been made during Northern Ireland’s ‘messy’ and unpredictable peace process.

US nuclear weapons and alliances in Europe and Asia

From the start of the Cold War to the presidency of Donald Trump, nuclear weapons have been central to the internal dynamics of US alliances in Europe and Asia. But cooperation on policy, strategy, posture and deployment of US nuclear weapons has varied significantly between US alliances and over time. Partners in Deterrence goes beyond traditional accounts that focus on deterrence and reassurance in US nuclear policy, and instead places the objectives and influence of US allies at the centre of analysis. Through a series of case studies informed by a rigorous analytical framework, it reveals that US allies have wielded significant influence in shaping nuclear weapons cooperation with the US in ways that reflect their own, often idiosyncratic, objectives. Combining in-depth empirical analysis with an accessible theoretical lens, Partners in Deterrence provides important lessons for contemporary policy makers and makes an essential contribution to existing scholarship on alliances and nuclear weapons.

Constructing the Congo
Joanne Yao

. Throughout, the analysis highlights how European imaginaries of the Congo centered on Europe itself, and reveals a colonial arrogance built on collapsing time and terrestrial space into the same civilizational and development continuum. This understanding of the Congo shaped European diplomats’ enthusiasm for exporting European river institutions to the untamed African interior, but also contributed to its failure. Imagining emptiness along the Congo The 1884–85 Berlin Conference began with an act of erasure: diplomats and

in The ideal river
Plans and politics in Tunisia
Author: Mariam Salehi

Transitional Justice in Process is the first book to comprehensively study the Tunisian transitional justice process. After the fall of the Ben Ali regime in 2011, Tunisia started dealing with its authoritarian past very early on and initiated a comprehensive transitional justice process, with the Truth and Dignity Commission as its central institution. However, instead of bringing about peace and justice, transitional justice soon became an arena of contention. The book explores through a process lens how the transitional justice process evolved and why and explains how it relates to the political transition. Based on extensive field research in Tunisia and the United States, and interviews with a broad range of Tunisian and international stakeholders and decision-makers, the book provides an in-depth analysis of a crucial time period, beginning with the first initiatives to deal with the past and seek justice and accountability. It includes discussions of the development and design of the transitional justice mandate and, finally, looks at the performance of transitional justice institutions in practice. It examines the role of international justice professionals in different stages of the process, as well as the alliances and frictions between different actor groups that cut across the often-assumed local–international divide. The book therefore makes an essential contribution to literature on the domestic and international politics of transitional justice and in particular to our understanding of the Tunisian transitional justice process.

An important moment for strategic action on collective cyberdefense
Jamil N. Jaffer

-Pacific region. The chapter also describes the need to undertake strategic efforts in the U.S.–India cybersecurity relationship, including the critical importance of creating a collective defense capability in cyberspace. The chapter describes the need for confidence-building measures, eventually culminating in the creation of a substantive real-time threat-sharing and collective cyberdefense capability, including interoperable systems that can provide the ability for each nation to assist the other in real time or to take

in The future of U.S.–India security cooperation