In the twenty-first century, transatlanticrelations no longer enjoy the prominence they had in both the foreign policies of the United States and of many Western European countries, as well as in the history of international relations during the second half of the twentieth century. Yet, transatlanticrelations remain a focus of study by historians and political scientists, as America and the European Union still are, economically and politically (and, in the American case, militarily), two of the most powerful actors in international
A programme for the teaching of history in the post- national era
governments remain important agents in this field of study, transatlantic scholars recognized the roles non-governmental actors play in transatlanticrelations. ‘Historians of international relations … had’, as Akira Iriye reminds us, ‘virtually ignored’ the activities of non-governmental organizations. 30 Yet, the activities of non-governmental associations such as Greenpeace reminded scholars that there were powers outside the realm of traditional state authority. Gienow-Hecht observed:
Aware of the crucial role played by
Transatlanticrelations have been a
core issue in European – especially West European – security
since the end of the Second World War. The first section of this chapter
examines the nature of the transatlantic relationship and its Cold War
evolution. Attention then moves, in the second section, to considering its
development during the years since 1989. It will then be argued, in the
third and final
? The belt and road initiative and international order ”, International Affairs
94 ( 2 ), 231–49 .
Peterson . J.
( 2016 ). “ Introduction: where things stand and what happens next ”, in Alcaro , R. , Peterson , J. and Greco , E. (eds), The West and the Global Power Shift: TransatlanticRelations and Global Governance. London : Springer
The more things change the more they stay the same?
María J. García and Arantza Gómez Arana
ground, but rather set the framework for greater external pressure on the issues (García's chapter).
Beyond government-level interactions, inter-parliamentary dialogues have also been firmly institutionalised within transatlanticrelations. As with other high-level inter-regional dialogues, Eurolat has failed to reach agreements. Subsequent decisions and plans for action on key issues, such as the deteriorating social situation in Venezuela, have failed to materialise, given different views on the matter and Latin American states’ opposition to
The TransAtlantic reconsidered brings together established experts from Atlantic History and Transatlantic Studies – two fields that are closely connected in their historical and disciplinary development as well as with regard to the geographical area of their interest. Questions of methodology and boundaries of periodization tend to separate these research fields. However, in order to understand the Atlantic World and transatlantic relations today, Atlantic History and Transatlantic Studies should be considered together. The scholars represented in this volume have helped to shape, re-shape, and challenge the narrative(s) of the Atlantic World and can thus (re-)evaluate its conceptual basis in view of historiographical developments and contemporary challenges. This volume thus documents and reflects on the changes within Transatlantic Studies during the last decades. New perspectives on research reconceptualize how we think about the Atlantic World. At a time when many political observers perceive a crisis in transatlantic relations, critical evaluation of past narratives and frameworks will provide an academic foundation to move forward.
: TransatlanticRelations and Global Governance. London : Springer , pp. 1–18 .
Pinheiro , L.
Gaio , G.
( 2014 ). “ Cooperation for development, Brazilian regional leadership and global protagonism ”, Brazilian Political Science Review
8 ( 2 ), 8–30 . Epub September.
1956–1963 ’, Diplomacy and Statecraft , 17 : 2
( 2006 ), 369 – 370 .
Department of State, ‘Circular Telegram
from the Department of State to Certain Missions, Washington DC, 9
May 1962’, in Foreign Relations of the United States,
1961–1963 , Vol. 13: Western
critical mechanism for the advancement of other aspects of the EU–Latin American relations agenda, and a cornerstone defining the evolution of transatlanticrelations.
Context of negotiations: geo-economic balancing
President Obama's administration (2008–16) pursued an intense trade agreement policy, with a particular focus on setting the rules of trade through ambitious mega-regional agreement negotiations: the TPP with eleven other states in the Americas, Asia and Australasia, and the TTIP with the European Union. Billed as game
1974’, in Reform and Renewal: TransatlanticRelations during the 1960s and 1970s , ed. Catherine Hynes and Sandra Scanlon (Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars, 2009), pp. 151–170.
Mason, Paying the Price , p. 129.
David Fairhall, ‘Cyprus puts defence cuts in doubt’, Guardian , 14 August 1974, p