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Neoliberal gothic
Linnie Blake
Agnieszka Soltysik Monnet

being held fully responsible for any failure to prosper. As politicians pledged their allegiance not to the welfare of the electorate but to the financial freedoms of the market, a widening gulf of inequality became all too apparent. In developed nations, this manifested itself in the form of bankruptcies, unemployment lines, homelessness and public health crises. 12 Globally

in Neoliberal Gothic
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At a time when monolingualist claims for the importance of ‘speaking English’ to the national order continue louder than ever, even as language diversity is increasingly part of contemporary British life, literature becomes a space to consider the terms of linguistic belonging. Bad English examines writers including Tom Leonard, James Kelman, Suhayl Saadi, Raman Mundair, Daljit Nagra, Xiaolu Guo, Leila Aboulela, Brian Chikwava, and Caroline Bergvall, who engage multilingually, experimentally, playfully, and ambivalently with English’s power. Considering their invented vernaculars and mixed idioms, their dramatised scenes of languaging – languages learned or lost, acts of translation, scenes of speaking, the exposure and racialised visibility of accent – it argues for a growing field of contemporary literature in Britain pre-eminently concerned with language’s power dynamics, its aesthetic potentialities, and its prosthetic strangeness. Drawing on insights from applied linguistics and translation studies as well as literary scholarship, Bad English explores contemporary arguments about language in Britain – in debates about citizenship or education, in the media or on Twitter, in Home Office policy and asylum legislation – as well as the ways they are taken up in literature. It uncovers both an antagonistic and a productive interplay between language politics and literary form, tracing writers’ articulation of linguistic alienation and ambivalence, as well as the productivity and making-new of radical language practices. Doing so, it refutes the view that language difference and language politics are somehow irrelevant to contemporary Britain and instead argues for their constitutive centrality to the work of novelists and poets whose inside/outside relationship to English in its institutionalised forms is the generative force of their writing.

Crossing boundaries and negotiating the cultural landscape

Victorian touring actresses: Crossing boundaries and negotiating the cultural landscape provides a new perspective on the on- and offstage lives of women working in nineteenth-century theatre, and affirms the central role of touring, both within the United Kingdom and in North America and Australasia. Drawing on extensive archival research, it features a cross-section of neglected performers whose dramatic specialisms range from tragedy to burlesque. Although they were employed as stars in their own time, their contribution to the industry has largely been forgotten. The book’s innovative organisation follows a natural lifecycle, enabling a detailed examination of the practical challenges and opportunities typically encountered by the actress at each stage of her working life. Individual experiences are scrutinised to highlight the career implications of strategies adopted to cope with the demands of the profession, the physical potential of the actress’s body, and the operation of gendered power on and offstage. Analysis is situated in a wide contextual framework and reveals how reception and success depended on the performer’s response to the changing political, economic, social and cultural landscape as well as to developments in professional practice and organisation. The book concludes with discussion of the legacies of the performers, linking their experiences to the present-day situation.

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American horror comics as Cold War commentary and critique

Printing Terror places horror comics of the mid-twentieth century in dialogue with the anxieties of their age. It rejects the narrative of horror comics as inherently and necessarily subversive and explores, instead, the ways in which these texts manifest white male fears over America’s changing sociological landscape. It examines two eras: the pre-CCA period of the 1940s and 1950s, and the post-CCA era to 1975. The authors examine each of these periods through the lenses of war, gender, and race, demonstrating that horror comics are centred upon white male victimhood and the monstrosity of the gendered and/or racialised other. It is of interest to scholars of horror, comics studies, and American history. It is suitably accessible to be used in undergraduate classes.

Social semantics and experiments in fiction
Lynne Hapgood

contemporary issue of unemployment. It is indeed a powerfully dramatic novel set in a moment of fear and anticipation when the map of London starts to become the territory of the working classes, and specifically of unskilled and ­under-employed workers. Exhausted, oppressed, sick, and desperate as they are, they begin to materialise into public view, to spread out over the city’s parks and streets, filling doss houses, pubs, and clubs, sleeping in public squares, and even marching down elegant West End roads. London is ‘occupied’ in a number of finely conceived and

in Margaret Harkness
Open Access (free)
Ezra Pound
David Herd

his own career, Pound puts the question: ‘what can drive a man interested almost exclusively in the arts, into social theory or into a study of the “gross material aspects”, videlicet economic aspects of the present?’ (SP, 198). Writing in the midst of the depression, at a time of massive unemployment, Pound reflects that, The unemployment problem that I have been faced with, for a quarter of a century, is not or has not been the unemployment of nine or five million ... it has been the problem of the unemployment of Gaudier-Brzeska, T. S. Eliot, Wyndham Lewis the

in Enthusiast!
The plays of Ed Thomas and the cultural politics of South Wales
Shaun Richards

loss of a Welshness of class and community which provided illuminating moments of inspiration, and in particular the loss of a righteous communal resistance to injustice captured in the triumphant mass resistance to the government’s 1934–5 Unemployment Assistance Board Act. This victory of grass-roots radicalism, argued Williams, buoyed up the flagging confidence of a people ravaged by unemployment and ‘carried [them] into their liberating World War on a surge of socialist and Labour hope’ (264). While the cultural and linguistic reality of Wales encompasses far more

in Across the margins
Diana Cullell

issues. The 18 García Posada has collected an anthology of poetry devoted to science from early times to the present day: Explorando el mundo. Poesía de la ciencia (2006). Also, Jesús Malia edited an interesting anthology of poetry dedicated to maths: Poetas. Primera antología de poesía con matemáticas (2012). 27 Cullell_ContempPoetry_01_Intro.indd 27 30/04/2014 15:59 economic crisis that gripped the world in 2007 and 2008 brought Spain to its knees with the bursting of the real-estate bubble and appalling unemployment figures of almost 25 per cent.19 The

in Spanish contemporary poetry
Open Access (free)
Arendt, automation, and the cybercultural revolution
Caroline Bassett

-ordinary implications for the emancipation and enslavement of mankind’ (Michael, 1962 : 9). His report begins ‘with the advantages of cybernation’ (Michael, 1962 : 10), concluding that it is needed for the survival of a democratic system, but goes on to consider problems likely to arise – most immediately mass unemployment, suffered unequally so that dominated groups would bear the brunt of the end of work. Michael postulates the creation of four classes, one comprising the entirely unemployed and one with no more leisure than before – which ‘in the case of professionals means very

in Anti-computing
Liam Stanley

A distinction between a deserving and undeserving poor was implicit to New Labour's welfare reforms, especially around unemployment benefits. The kind of means-tested benefits instigated by New Labour institutionalised a deserving/undeserving distinction because benefits were dependent upon claimants fulfilling a criteria (e.g. active and supervised job-seeking and associated ‘behavioural changes’ such as training courses on how to write CVs). The New Labour approach was typical of how they navigated Britain's relationship to the global economy

in Britain alone