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Sandra Buchanan

manufacturing concentrated in low-technology, low-value added industries … difficulties in attracting and maintaining foreign direct investment … significant concentrations of low pay … the highest unemployment rates of UK regions and more of the unemployed are long-term … total factor productivity rates remain relatively low’. 25 While the conflict

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development
Sandra Buchanan

suffered most and been most involved in conflict. It is axiomatic, therefore, that socio-economic difficulties must be tackled if the peace process is to be embedded. Chief among these difficulties are high levels of unemployment and social deprivation. 11 Thus, the strategic

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development
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Daniel Stevens
Nick Vaughan-Williams

theft, unemployment and financial insecurity, and Islamophobia, racism, and hate crime. Our survey examined perceptions of threats slightly differently in that we asked respondents which issues they perceived to be security threats at the global, national, community, and personal levels as opposed to respondents articulating the threats that were salient to them spontaneously. But here too we saw a gap

in Everyday security threats
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Jean-François Caron

the use of autonomous vehicles peaks in several decades’ time, truck driving will be a job of the past. 1 Many fear that autonomous technologies will eventually invade other sectors of the economy, to a point at which robots will replace humans in the workforce. While this fear is somehow exaggerated in the sense that there is no direct correlation between the use of robots and increased unemployment, 2 the evolution towards robotic

in A theory of the super soldier
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Jenny Andersson

necessarily so. The crucial issue for the SAP in the campaign before the parliamentary elections in September 2006 is the lack of an articulated social democratic future vision that is capable of fending off a rising Swedish centre-right alliance between the Conservative party, the Centre party and the Liberal party. In its rhetoric, the party insists that welfare allowances and unemployment benefits are

in Between growth and security
Bildt, Europe and neutrality in the post-Cold War era
Christine Agius

the dynamism of the economy (Lindbeck et al., 1994: 10–13). The report recommended the liberalisation of the labour market, reduction of unemployment benefits, and the decentralisation of wage negotiations in the public sector (Lindbeck et al., 1994: 50). It also suggested cuts in public spending and revenue increases, more working hours to raise productivity and to reduce capital costs, open

in The social construction of Swedish neutrality
Anti-terrorism powers and vernacular (in)securities
Lee Jarvis
Michael Lister

issues such as crime, social fracture and unemployment. Moreover, there is little uniformity in the extent to which such threats are experienced, in that no consistent identification or hierarchy of security threats could be identified in our work. This is important because public perceptions of particular issues as security threats depend upon and in turn help to shape understandings and articulations

in Anti-terrorism, citizenship and security
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Mary Venner

indicators is disappointing. Kosovo is still a relatively poor country with high unemployment, high levels of poverty, dependence on diaspora remittances, and slow and uneven economic growth. 6 The continuing problems of unemployment, low exports and limited foreign investment are all the more disappointing given that, under the policies promoted by international organisations, Kosovo’s business environment has

in Donors, technical assistance and public administration in Kosovo
The impact of the First World War on attitudes to maternal and infant health
Fionnuala Walsh

seventeen times more likely to die in their first year than the children of professional households. 6 High unemployment levels, poor sanitation and overcrowded housing in Ireland's urban areas combined to create potentially lethal conditions for infants. Increasing attention was paid to the problem in the years immediately preceding the First World War. Various voluntary

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
Paving the path for a new identity
Christine Agius

returned to power in 1982, the Swedish Model was entering a crucial stage. The developments from the 1970s pointed to a dramatic shift in the economic and ideological landscape in Sweden and internationally. Between 1973 and 1982, Sweden’s economic performance was below the OECD average. Unemployment was low, and mass unemployment did not hit the Scandinavian states until the early 1980s compared with

in The social construction of Swedish neutrality