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This book is about understanding how former combatants come home after war, and how their political lives are refracted by the war and the experience of coming home itself. In particular, it captures the political mobilization among former combatants as they come home from three very different types of war: civil war (Colombia), war of independence (Namibia), and interstate war (United States involvement in the Vietnam War). The book provides a much-needed long-term perspective on peace. It also demonstrates the artificial division between literatures across the Global North and Global South, and demonstrates how these literatures speak to each other just as the three cases speak to each other. The novel use of interviews to document life histories and the inside perspective they provide also give a unique insight into the former combatants’ own perspectives on the process of coming home and their sense of political voice. This book is not about peacebuilding in the sense of interventions. Rather, it examines peace as a process through studying the lived experiences of individuals, displaying the dynamics of political mobilization after disarmament across time in the lives of fifty former combatants. The book demonstrates how the process of coming home shapes their political commitment and identity, and how the legacy of war is a powerful reminder in the lives of these former combatants long after the end of the war.

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Lindsey Dodd

v 2 v Expecting war Michel Thomas:  When we were children, we were surrounded by men who’d been in the First World War, people from our building. There was one who’d lost a leg, very high up, and he had a wooden leg. Our father’s brother had been killed in Souchez, the great offensive, the Chemin des Dames. We knew some of our schoolteachers had been in the First World War too. So for me, I can tell you what I felt, because I think I was quite well-informed. After school each evening, I had to go and buy the newspaper for my grandmother. It was called Paris

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45
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Tim Aistrope

THIS CHAPTER SHIFTS THE focus from foreign policy commentary to War on Terror doctrine. It does so by engaging with the Bush administration’s War of Ideas strategy, which aimed to undermine the cultural drivers of terrorism by winning the ‘hearts and minds’ of Arab-Muslims thought vulnerable to radicalisation. The strategic significance of this

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy
The impact of the First World War on the 1918–19 influenza pandemic in Ulster
Patricia Marsh

The last six months of the First World War coincided with one of the most virulent pandemics of the twentieth century. Dubbed ‘the Spanish flu’, it struck in three concurrent waves throughout the world and may have had a global mortality of 100 million. 1 There were three distinct waves of influenza in Ireland, which occurred in June 1918, October

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
The media and international intervention
Author: Philip Hammond

The first major post-Cold War conflict, the 1991 Gulf war, indicated how much had already changed. Saddam Hussein had enjoyed Western support in Iraq's war against Iran in the 1980s, but was abruptly cast as the 'new Hitler' after his invasion of Kuwait in August 1990. This book is about how the media have interpreted conflict and international intervention in the years after the Cold War. By comparing press coverage of a number of different wars and crises, it seeks to establish which have been the dominant themes in explaining the post-Cold War international order and to discover how far the patterns established prior to the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks have subsequently changed. The key concern is with the legitimacy of Western intervention: the aim is to investigate the extent to which Western military action is represented in news reporting as justifiable and necessary. The book presents a study that looks at UK press coverage of six conflicts and the international response to them: two instances of 'humanitarian military intervention' (Somalia and Kosovo); two cases in which the international community was criticised for not intervening (Bosnia and Rwanda); and two post-9/11 interventions (Afghanistan and Iraq). There were a number of overlapping UN and US interventions in Somalia in the early 1990s. Operation Restore Hope was the first major instance of post-Cold War humanitarian military intervention, following the precedent set by the establishment of 'safe havens' for Iraqi Kurds and other minorities at the end of the 1991 Gulf war.

Language, politics and counter-terrorism
Author: Richard Jackson

This book is about the public language of the 'war on terrorism' and the way in which language has been deployed to justify and normalise a global campaign of counter-terrorism. It explains how the war on terrorism has been reproduced and amplified by key social actors and how it has become the dominant political narrative in America today, enjoying widespread bipartisan and popular support. The book also explains why the language of politics is so important and the main methodological approach for analysing the language of counter-terrorism, namely, critical discourse analysis. Then, it provides the comparison drawn between the September 11, 2001 attacks and World War II and the attack on Pearl Harbor. One of the most noticeable aspects of the language surrounding the attacks of September 11, 2001 is its constant reference to tragedy, grievance and the exceptional suffering of the American people. The book focuses on the way in which language was deployed to construct the main identities of the protagonists. It demonstrates how terrorism is rhetorically constructed as posing a catastrophic threat to the American 'way of life', to freedom, liberty and democracy and even to civilisation itself. The book analyses how the administration's counter-terrorism campaign has been rhetorically constructed as an essentially 'good' and 'just war', similar to America's role in World War II. Finally, the book concludes that responsible citizens have a moral duty to oppose and resist the official language of counter-terrorism.

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Leslie C. Green

by whose forces they have been captured 5 and their rights and status are regulated in accordance with the 1949 Convention relative to the treatment of prisoners of war. 6 These rules are generally regarded as part of the customary law of armed conflict, as was pointed out in the Nuremberg Judgment , 7 so that its basic principles are binding even upon a state which has not become a party. In

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
Civilisation, civil society and the Kosovo war
Mikkel Vedby Rasmussen

Introduction ‘War is never civilised’, British Prime Minister Tony Blair declared on 10 June 1999, ‘but war can be necessary to uphold civilisation.’ 1 On that day, seventy-eight days of war were brought to an end by the assertion that they had secured the principles on which the post-Cold War European order was founded. For that reason the Kosovo

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Johanna Söderström

Between 1816 and 2001 the world experienced 462 wars (298 of which were civil wars) in addition to two world wars (Wimmer and Min 2009 ). As the interviews in this chapter will show, wars come in many different forms. Past research has tried to categorize and construct various typologies of wars, sorting them into types based on their location, which actors are involved, how long they last, which means of warfare are used, their aims, who is involved in combat, how destructive they are, the total (battle) death count

in Living politics after war
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Temple Street Hospital and the 1916 Rising
Barry Kennerk

explore two interconnected themes: first, the extent to which the temporary reorganisation of medical services during the First World War left Dublin's hospitals better prepared to cope with the 1916 Rising and, second, how conflict promoted development in medical knowledge and the rapid mobilisation of a proactive health service. The period in question witnessed high concern about Irish

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45