Party politics, Spanish America and the Treaty of Utrecht (1713)
finance their warmachine. ‘If Spain’ and Spanish America ‘shall be left in the possession of the French king by a peace’, warned one Whig, ‘mere poverty will soon bring England and all Europe under the French dominion.’ 20 We ‘aim not at conquest’, another Whig later explained, ‘our trade giving us all the wealth we could desire’. 21
In 1709–10, then, the Whigs were on the brink of signing a peace that would secure their imperial vision. They hoped for a world in which British manufactures, whether textiles produced in Lancashire or ships and food made in New
the ‘Metropolis of a Mighty Empire’ give a ‘forced cheer’ of ‘Glorious, By Jingo!’ for an imperial warmachine bogged down by ruinous expenses.
A cartoon the following month had the Sultan attempting to persuade John Bull to let go of ‘Miss Egypt’ – here a robed beauty nestled into Bull's strong embrace – and allow her to ‘return to the arms of her loving Uncle’.
Another March cartoon by W. Alison Phillips depicted the Sultan reading from British poet William
of the Economics Committee, 1949”.
21 Brereton, History of Modern Trinidad , p. 215; D. Edgerton, Britain’s WarMachine: Weapons, Resources and Experts in the Second World War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011), pp. 181–187.
22 Brereton, History of Modern Trinidad , p. 180.
23 Trinidad Guardian , “Curfew imposed in St Patrick”, 19 January 1947.
24 Trinidad Guardian , “Governor declares emergency”, 22 January 1947.
25 Trinidad Guardian
’ and converted into a
massive wartime facility. Valentine observed first-hand the modern warmachine, including new railways, paved roads, water-pumping systems,
hospitals, and massive warehouses. 115 The scale of military
construction was immense: 30 million sand bags were required for the
trench works that formed the line against the Ottoman advance from Syria
and Palestine. Over 1 million tons of
of 1904–5, when Russia’s humiliating defeat made the rest of
the world thoroughly aware of the strength of the Japanese warmachine.
Japan had been a major exhibitor in European and American exhibitions
since 1862, but it was only after 1905 that empire was a properly
discernable feature. At the Japan-British Exhibition of 1910 at the
White City, the full weight of her imperial pride was brought
Goa, or the welfare of the people.
According to N. Kamat, the increased revenues
generated through taxation were largely spent on strengthening the
warmachine to crush local revolts and rebellions, building lavish
monument in honour of heroes, erecting statues, and constructing big