peppery fungicide which makes it resistant to many grubs and microfauna. It is now a familiar sight in the UK, especially along railway lines, where its seeds are dispersed by the airflows created by passing trains, and it is widely known as the ‘butterfly bush’ or summer lilac. The plaque details how this plant, native to China, was brought to the UK in the nineteenth century, and describes the plant as an escapee that colonises vacant land.
Beata J. Gawryszewska, Maciej Łepkowski, and Anna Wilczyńska
), people go for walks
with their dogs on ‘a meadow’. This is a place for a walk, but also a place where
medicinal herbs deemed as ‘natural’ may be obtained. Users said that this is a place
where one can often meet hedgehogs, lizards, colourful butterflies or dragonflies.
‘A two-minute walk from my home and I am “outside the city”.’
Wastelands as gardens
According to the theory of the garden as a place in the inhabited landscape
(Gawryszewska, 2013), the bottom-up creativity in wasteland landscape shows
the natural human need to create gardens, territorialise space
include wild thyme, marjoram, broomrape, horseshoe vetch and sea carrots. Blue butterflies are found in abundance, as are meadow brown and marbled white. Skylarks, ravens and herring gulls are also present, and sometimes peregrine falcons or kittiwakes can be spotted. Dexter cattle and two herds of Exmoor ponies have been brought in to graze the area, ensuring that more modern methods of farming and machine-cutting do not disturb this fecund biodiversity.
The white cliffs attract their fair share of twitchers and nature
Globalisation and new borders: Babel (2006)
The film Babel (2006), created by the Mexican film director Alejandro González Iñárritu, is interesting in two respects with regard to its narrative matrix. On the one hand, the film unfolds a narrative matrix, which is described as the butterfly effect. An action in one corner of the globe evokes other unintended, unexpected and unpredictable consequences. On the other hand, Iñárritu has already dealt with the subject of (border) narratives in two previous films: Amores Perros ( 2000 ) and 21 Grams