This chapter is concerned with a rich vein of poor law spending: on cash allowances, drugs, payments in kind and headings such as apprenticeship. In most county communities, cash allowances grew in importance over time, both because it was more convenient for officials to give such allowances and then let the poor buy their own medical care and because the poor increasingly requested such allowances. Nonetheless, there is a clear sense that many officers continued to be active in purchasing drugs, devices, false limbs and food for the sick.
accounts, led by S. R. Gardiner’s magisterial History of the Great Civil War (1886–93).7 Alongside these national narratives antiquarian studies chronicled the conflict in the provinces.8 In the 2 Introduction 1960s these local histories metamorphosed into something more ambitious when Alan Everitt and others sought to explain the causes and conduct of the conflict in terms of gentry-led county communities and their relationship with the centre.9 Clive Holmes and Ann Hughes, who famously provided a corrective to the county community model, were no less concerned with
, 2000), p. 5. 8 A. Hughes, Politics, Society and Civil War in Warwickshire, 1620–1660 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), p. xi. 9 C. Holmes, ‘The county community in Stuart historiography’, Journal of British Studies, 19:2 (1980), 55. 10 G. L. Hudson, ‘Negotiating for blood money: war widows and the courts in seventeenth-century England’, in J. Kermode and G. Walker (eds), Women, Crime and the Courts in Early Modern England (London: University College, 1994), pp. 146–69. 11 Ibid., p. 162. 12 D. J. Appleby, ‘Unnecessary persons? Maimed soldiers
Association in the English Civil War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974), pp. 39, 168, 169; A. Fletcher, A County Community in Peace and War: Sussex, 1600–1660 (London: Longman, 1975), pp. 341–2; M. Kishlansky, The Rise of the New Model Army (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979), pp. 241, 244–5, 247, 249; C. Carlton, Going to the Wars: The Experience of the British Civil Wars (London: Routledge, 1992), pp. 196, 225, 235. 4 R. Bennett, ‘War and disorder: policing the soldiery in Civil War Yorkshire’, in Fissel (ed.), War and Government in Britain, pp