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The politics of migration in the final days of Rhodesia and apartheid South Africa, 1970–94
Jean P. Smith

department before placing advertisements. 16 The same report, however, also states that ‘selective immigration’ should be only a short-term solution to the demand for skilled labour and should not come at the expense of the training of ‘local population groups’, reflecting reforms under P.W. Botha, including changes in the racial labour hierarchy, which saw increased, although limited, opportunities for social mobility for Black South Africans. 17 South Africa left ICEM in 1980 and active recruitment ended in 1982

in Settlers at the end of empire
The consolidation of racial nationalism in the 1950s
Jean P. Smith

many new migrants, especially British migrants, would both dilute Afrikaner culture and thwart their aim of complete independence from the United Kingdom. As the National Party solidified their rule, winning a clear majority in the 1953 election, this became less of a concern and the South African government began to implement initiatives to encourage white, including white British migration. Given the racial labour hierarchy and that the focus of these initiatives was the recruitment of skilled workers who would contribute

in Settlers at the end of empire
The competing imperatives of minority settler colonialism, 1945–53
Jean P. Smith

. However, both were minority settler colonies whose very existence depended on the perpetuation of racial privilege and power. This demographic difference, that settlers remained a minority in Southern Rhodesia and South Africa, resulted in a racial labour hierarchy that had implications for immigration policy. As well as restrictions placed on African workers this hierarchy also dictated that white settlers should not undertake work considered to be appropriate only for Africans such as unskilled or manual labour. This meant

in Settlers at the end of empire
Planning for post-war migration
Jean P. Smith

with the British were underway and would soon be announced. This was the programme that would become known as the ‘Ten Pound Pom’ scheme. The South African response emphasised that due to the racial labour hierarchy, they were interested only in skilled British migrants and could not ‘embark on any big migration scheme’ but they would consider applications from the British Forces, especially those in the RAF who had received training in South Africa and married South African nationals. Southern Rhodesia announced an

in Settlers at the end of empire
Abstract only
Mapping the contours of the British World
Kent Fedorowich and Andrew S. Thompson

and Globalisation ; M. Harper and S. Constantine, Migration and Empire , Companion Series, Oxford History of the British Empire (Oxford, 2010). For labour markets, labour hierarchies and trade unions, see J. Hyslop, ‘The Imperial Working Class Makes Itself “White”: White Labourism in Britain, Australia and South Africa before the First World War’, Journal of

in Empire, migration and identity in the British world