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A survey of the imperial territory and the beginnings of political empire
Robert M. Bliss

Captains Thomas Dale and John Smith strengthened their regime with a quasi-military law code, and in 1612 a revised charter reinforced the company’s commercial base. 25 However, military discipline, com mercial reorganization, and further investment neither reduced stockholders’ losses nor alleviated settlers’ suffering. Soon, these circumstances conspired together to produce a momentous reformulation of

in Revolution and empire
Robert M. Bliss

and laborers, were perhaps best examples of this, but everywhere public power was used to promote growth. In Massachusetts’ first settlement at Salem in 1629, the wide distribution of land gave even poor folk ‘more wood for Timber and Fire … then many Noble men in England can afford’, and the colony’s 1641 law code, published in London, made it clear to prospective migrants that all admitted

in Revolution and empire
Jennifer Pitts

trace of arbitrary power in it’. 63 This use of Halhed, as Burke himself knew, was ironic, given Halhed’s authorship of the notorious passages about Indian lawlessness in Hastings’s defence speech. But Halhed’s broad European audience read a variety of meanings into his text; so it is not surprising that Burke drew on it in a limited way to confirm views that Halhed himself contradicted during the trial. Halhed’s own view of legal pluralism was more like that of his patron Hastings. He made clear, for instance, in his widely read preface to the Hindu law code that

in Making the British empire, 1660–1800
Bao Dai, Norodom Sihanouk and Mohammed V
Christopher Goscha

to use the word Marocains for the first time to describe this new national body, 18 just as their counterparts in Annam began to use the words ‘Vietnamese’ to capture a unified Vietnam uniting Cochinchina, Annam and Tonkin into one ‘Vietnam’. In the early 1930s, Mohammed V got his first real taste of change as these nationalist winds swirled. In May 1930, the French Resident had the sultan sign a decree or dahir, protecting customary law codes for the non-Arab, Berber tribes. This move was in part designed to tame their unruly areas, but it also allowed the

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia
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James Whidden

agents holding capital in far-flung locations with clients or patrons governed by foreign cultural norms, different law codes and systems of government. Under these conditions, the family bond, or those of religion or nationality, created unity in dispersion. 24 The greatest financial houses in Egypt were those held by the Suares, Cattaoui, and Menasce families. These families were also known as the most

in Egypt
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Diane Robinson-Dunn

Robert Tignor, ‘The “Indianization” of the Egyptian Administration Under British Rule,’ American Historical Review , 68 (April 1963), 636–61. 28 Despite the study of Indian traditions and law codes in creating a legal system based on an ‘“ancient Indian constitution’”, by the late eighteenth century

in The harem, slavery and British imperial culture
Matthew P. Fitzpatrick

the Herero War Without doubt, the Kaiser’s seemingly untrammelled power found some concrete limits. In 1886, the Protectorate Law applied a modified version of the 1879 Consular Jurisdiction Act to the colonies, effectively insinuating important elements of the civil-law code of Germany into South-West Africa. 34 It delineated the extent and limits of the Kaiser’s power and the role of colonial

in Crowns and colonies
European colonisers and indigenous monarchs
Robert Aldrich

brandished treasured regalia and awarded honours to worthy subjects. They appointed and dismissed officials, recast institutions, proclaimed law codes and dispensed justice, promoted or restricted trade, dispatched and received diplomatic delegations, contracted alliances and battled enemies, and commissioned public works. Often they carried out these duties personally, whereas in Europe, many had been

in Banished potentates
The repatriation of the Kandyan regalia to Ceylon
Robert Aldrich

, setting in place law codes, administration and taxation. The first British Resident in Kandy, John D’Oyly, respectfully took part in Buddhist processions and made temple offerings, just as the kings had done. Governor Brownrigg, created a baronet in March 1816, later incorporated a representation of the Kandy crown and sceptre into his personal coat of arms. Governors represented the British monarch with

in Crowns and colonies
The policing of nineteenth-century Bengal and Bihar
Peter Robb

arrest and the means which they should fulfil their obligations to keep the peace and protect the public. Because it was codified the law was supposed to be readily accessible not just to lawyers - and certainly the codes were ideal for the burgeoning army of Indian pleaders - but to the average member of the ICS. Generally the Indian law codes were held to ‘approach the highest standard of excellence

in Policing the empire