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John Marriott

abolition as progressive. Since the first incursions of European traders into Africa during the fifteenth century, he argues, modern slavery was seen as a progressive force for change. The slave trade was driven not by adventurers, but by European merchants and financiers operating at the very heart of Western modernization. Black slavery, therefore, was absolutely integral to the growth of capitalism. Furthermore, enslavers

in The other empire
Open Access (free)
Bill Schwarz

world’s two hundred and fifty million Negroes, as Negroes . Padmore argued that they were exploited as a class and as ‘a nation’, though locating the ultimate source of oppression in the systems of capital. This entailed his reviving the classic marxist interpretations of imperialism, though positioning race oppression at the analytical heart of his understanding of capitalism. These theoretical

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Open Access (free)
Sue Thomas

Officer at Excal, who represents the more aggressive and dynamic masculinity of late 1950s and early 1960s British consumer capitalism. The medieval trappings Whymper gives Stone’s welfare scheme mask its efficacy as a contemporary vehicle for marketing and for the enmeshing of Whymper’s masculine individualism with consumer capitalism. 44 Whymper is more overtly and casually xenophobic, racist

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Open Access (free)
Visions of history, visions of Britain
Stephen Howe

’s anti-capitalism, deserve more attention. Certainly Leon Trotsky himself thought James’s cast of mind all too typically English, finding in his book World Revolution ‘a lack of dialectical approach, Anglo-Saxon empiricism, and formalism which is only the reverse of empiricism’. 73 Thus although James argued that West Indians could bring a special kind of critical insight to bear on Britain and

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Open Access (free)
Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips, and Shurlee Swain

. 49–76; D. Denoon, Settler Capitalism: The Dynamics of Dependent Development in the Southern Hemisphere (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983); D. Stasiulis and N. Yuval-Davis, Unsettling Settler Societies: Articulations of Gender, Race, Ethnicity and Class (London: Sage, 1995); R. Weitzer, Transforming Settler States: Communal Conflict and Internal Security in Northern Ireland and Zimbabwe (Berkeley

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips, and Shurlee Swain

hunter–gatherers; second came the stage of nomadic pastoralism; third, subsistence agriculture; and the final stage was their own world of mercantile capitalism. Each successive stage required a greater division of labour and a more complex social organisation, and hence represented an advance in civilisation. 41 The scheme involved the belief that European history had actually passed through these four stages over the

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
The intellectual influence of non-medical research on policy and practice in the Colonial Medical Service in Tanganyika and Uganda
Shane Doyle

corrupting, deracinating nature of colonial capitalism: they ‘sell themselves in Bukoba during the coffee season and then migrate to Mwanza or Uganda for the cotton season’. The sexual freedom and endemic STIs which resulted had caused ‘a much greater degree of neurosis than I have seen in any other tribe’, and contributed to Bukoba’s notorious difficulty as an administrative posting. Freedom from

in Beyond the state
Open Access (free)
Women, internal colonization and indigenous peoples
Katie Pickles

confidently combining capitalism, culture and imperialism with the objective of making the north a part of Canada is much diminished. As one contemporary member commented on the contact that members have through letters and photos from their ‘adoptees’ in the north: ‘And it’s wonderful, the contact. We had a marvellous teacher not too long ago, and she sent us a video all about the children. It was so much

in Female imperialism and national identity
Open Access (free)
West Indian intellectual
Helen Carr

capitalism overseas’. 61 In ‘The day they burned the books’, the young creole protagonist is told by visiting English children that she is not really English, just a ‘horrid colonial’, and she reacts by retorting she doesn’t want to be English: she’d rather be French or Spanish – very much Rhys’s own view. There are other elements in her upbringing perhaps that prevented her

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Britishness, respectability, and imperial citizenship
Charles V. Reed

of capitalism’, and ‘the Anglicisation of North America and Australasia’. 24 From the opposite side of the political and intellectual spectrum, post-colonial scholars, most notably Frantz Fanon, have described the processes by which the colonised internalise their inferiority by trying to be white (e.g. wearing a white mask), by dressing, talking, and acting ‘white’. 25 In a related if less

in Royal tourists, colonial subjects and the making of a British world, 1860–1911