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The case of the management of the dead related to COVID-19
Ahmed Al-Dawoody

This article studies one of the humanitarian challenges caused by the COVID-19 crisis: the dignified handling of the mortal remains of individuals that have died from COVID-19 in Muslim contexts. It illustrates the discussion with examples from Sunni Muslim-majority states when relevant, such as Egypt, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Morocco and Pakistan, and examples from English-speaking non-Muslim majority states such as the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Canada and Australia as well as Sri Lanka. The article finds that the case of the management of dead bodies of people who have died from COVID-19 has shown that the creativity and flexibility enshrined in the Islamic law-making logic and methodology, on the one hand, and the cooperation between Muslim jurists and specialised medical and forensic experts, on the other, have contributed to saving people’s lives and mitigating the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in Muslim contexts.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Richard Bellamy

general, public, clear, prospective, stable and applying equally to all. As a result, none are above the law and it is hard to manipulate for self-serving and partial purposes. Another version, examined in section 3, suggests the crucial factor is the process of law-making: equality in the making of the law must be such that legislators show equal concern and respect to different points of view by ‘hearing the other side

in Political concepts

Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.

Open Access (free)
John Mceldowney

set standards and direct outcomes. And in some instances the courts attempted to discover ‘the mischief’ that was behind the legislative enactment in order that the common law should provide a remedy. The early case law is rich in the adoption of modes of interpretation to fit the circumstances of the case. The revolution culminating in Parliament’s victory over the Crown in the ‘Glorious Revolution’ (1688) came as the courts recognized the authority of parliament and its ultimate law-making authority. This provided the judges with the dominant paradigm of

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

early sixteenth century. The Reformation instigated a century of religious wars between Catholics and Protestant powers. By the end of the century the modern state had been established in Western Europe: a centralised power with exclusive law-making and law-enforcing authority over a territory. Conventionally, however, the modern state and state system is dated from the Treaty of Westphalia, which ended both the Thirty Years

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Arthur B. Gunlicks

system of proportional representation with a minimum of 5 percent of the total vote required in order to obtain seats in parliament. This strongly favors political parties, chap 4 27/5/03 148 11:54 am Page 148 The Länder and German federalism which are mentioned explicitly in Article 21 of the Basic Law and in some Land constitutions. Parliamentary law making While Land parliaments are responsible for law making, the extent of their legislative powers depends largely on the powers granted to them by the federal Basic Law. At first glance, these powers appear to

in The Länder and German federalism
Neil McNaughton

the Commission for amendment; amend them on the spot and then accept the amended version; where there is a difference of opinion with the Parliament they may be referred to a special committee for a compromise to be reached; they may accept proposals as they stand. ● ● ● ● ● Institutions of the European Union 227 These procedures are relatively formal as this is effectively a law-making exercise. The system of voting is described in chapter 13, on European integration. Most decisions, as described there, require a qualified majority, which means that a minority

in Understanding British and European political issues
Ross M. English

revenue in stocks could prove risky and that the use of individual accounts would mean a decrease in the level of payments to cover transaction charges. The future of social security is the sort of problem that Congress must address successfully if it is to be considered an effective legislature. If a fundamentally new approach is indeed necessary, then Congress must prove the stereotype of a legislature dominated by local interests which favours gradual change wrong. As with any law-making body, it must ultimately be judged on its success in tackling the problems which

in The United States Congress
Open Access (free)
Corpse-work in the prehistory of political boundaries
Richard Kernaghan

circulate, I argue, accentuates the climatic attributes of political time – attributes that must first be sensed before their importance may be grasped. For if the primary 182 Richard Kernaghan purpose of political community is to safeguard relations between subjects, time becomes ‘weather’ precisely when the possibility of property itself is placed in doubt. Questions The blunt touch of Sendero law-making often raised the question of why? Why so violent? Why so uncompromising? Why did they impose such a rigid political programme?6 The movement’s extreme secrecy

in Governing the dead
Arthur B. Gunlicks

activities by deputies, nor do they consider local office holding an excuse for the burdens of Land office.49 While even some deputies agree to some extent with some of these criticisms,50 they and others would also point to the importance of the parliament primarily as an instrument of control rather than of law making and the need to acquire expertise through legislative experience to exercise this control effectively. They would note the necessity of spending as much time in the district as possible in order to maintain close contacts with citizens, serve as ombudsmen

in The Länder and German federalism