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Warfare, politics and religion after the Habsburg Empire in the Julian March, 1930s– 1970s
Gaetano Dato

confiscate the remains and disband the ceremony, but the protesters succeeded in their intent: ‘the urn was taken by a few brave comrades, who carried it in their arms to the hospital’s chapel’.51 To date, there is no information on the fate of the ashes in the following days. It is known, however, that on 21 December 1945 the council and the Italian parties organised another ceremony, while the communists invited their sympathisers to boycott the event. This ceremony occurred entirely at San Giusto: the Catholic liturgy being officiated by the bishop inside the cathedral

in Human remains in society
Rodney Barker

outside with new towns and cities, new secular and religious public buildings. New building is a manner of stating a new, revised, or ascendant identity. Pippin, father of Charlemagne, inaugurated a massive programme of cathedral and church building, the import of saintly remains and relics, and new or elaborated ceremonies and anointings. It was a use of ecclesiastical scenery and liturgy which was to be frequently repeated, and discussing the later church building of eleventh-century Europe, Diarmaid MacCulloch commented that ‘each new church was a reform in stone

in Cultivating political and public identity
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Rodney Barker

declared that ‘whatsoever King may reign, I'll be the Vicar of Bray, Sir,’ fitted his theology and his liturgy to the ruling orthodoxy as determined by the monarch as lay governor of the Church of England. But another view is possible, that he was not a man without any identity, whose character at any one moment was a simple cover for or reflex of some objective material character. On the one hand, his principal identity was as the Vicar of Bray. On the other, the far from merely reflective or superficial or epiphenomenal significance of religious practice is confirmed

in Cultivating political and public identity
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Association and distinction in politics and religion
Rodney Barker

religious practices of its members, whilst leaving their economic activities largely unattended, and their political ones non-existent in times of stability. Elizabeth I of England, who said that she did not wish to make windows into men's souls, was perhaps departing less radically from previous practice than appears. She insisted on public conformity to a prayer book and a liturgy that were imposed on all by secular law. What mattered was conformist behaviour. The terms ‘mobilised’ and ‘unmobilised’ have only a limited usefulness, since they refer

in Cultivating political and public identity
Open Access (free)
Rodney Barker

constituting phenomenon of human life, on which everything else depends, and at an only slightly less generalised level of argument, language can be presented as the fundamental constituting activity for human identity. 35 Its role is dramatically illustrated when collective identities are being challenged or asserted. The assertion of the role of Latin in the Catholic liturgy by the Council of Trent in the sixteenth century was as defining for the church's identity as was the shift to the vernacular by the Second Vatican Council in the twentieth. 36 Secular identity as

in Cultivating political and public identity