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De-scribing Imperial identity from alien to migrant
Peter Childs

Hall argues that the contemporary significance of diaspora in the Caribbean can be apprehended through Lacan’s theory of enunciation and its implications for identity. If the speaking and spoken subject do not coincide then ‘identity’ is therefore not an essence but a positioning in discourse, and that positioning, or representation, will itself be conditioned by the position spoken from. Hall adds to this Derrida’s theory of meaning, which is always deferred as it forever disseminates along endless chains of signifiers: meaning is constantly moving. While not quite

in Across the margins
Arantza Gomez Arana

countries and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) (MercoPress 26/1/2013). However, with the support of the US and Canada, Paraguay managed to remain a part of the Organization of American States, even though Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Cuba and Nicaragua did not agree (MercoPress 26/1/2013). According to the head of the Paraguayan delegation to the Parliament of Mercosur, the suspension from so many forums was orchestrated, with Argentina, Brazil and Venezuela masterminding the plot to limit Paraguay’s influence

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:
Open Access (free)
Bridget Byrne and Carla De Tona

factors and so to outcomes are complex, therefore, but the linkages are strong. (Kerr et al. 2014: 6) As well as socio-economic inequalities, the UK education system persists in producing unequal outcomes which are shaped by ethnicity and race. Again the causes are complex and multiple and will have significant overlap with questions of socio-economic inequalities. However, studies have shown how ethnic stereotyping by teachers impacts on educational outcomes, with a negative impact particularly on pupils of black Caribbean, Pakistani or Bangladeshi ethnicity (Burgess

in All in the mix
Open Access (free)
George Philip

in 2000. Argentina saw a sequence of economic disasters, riots and dramatic presidential resignations late in 2001. It is true that some countries of the region have endured much less political turbulence than others. However, it is not easy to devise general hypotheses to explain why some countries should have had more problems than others, except for the fact of greater United States influence in Central America and the Caribbean than further south. Levels of development within the region do not seem to relate to anything much. Argentina has one of the highest

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Ross M. English

new nation was born. The first British colonists arrived in what is now Virginia in 1585. Life was difficult in the new world and many of the early colonies succumbed to disease, famine and attack by indigenous ‘Indian’ tribes. The first colony to overcome these difficulties and survive was established in Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. Their success was due to two factors: surviving the first winter with the aid of friendly Native Americans and an ability to grow tobacco. The colonists had discovered a mix of Caribbean and mainland American tobacco leaves which was

in The United States Congress
Open Access (free)
Crossing the margins
Glenda Norquay and Gerry Smyth

’ musical practices – whether Celtic, Caribbean, sub-continental, or whatever – throughout the archipelago. Norquay_01_Intro 8 22/3/02, 9:30 am 9 Introduction The idea is not to replace an historical imperative with a geographical one, but to relieve the intellectual hegemony of the former while pointing out the complete interpenetration of each by the other.2 For on consideration it turns out that the wide variety of power structures extant throughout ‘the British Isles’ has always been as much about the desire to master space as about the drive to order time. The

in Across the margins
Open Access (free)
Kjell M. Torbiörn

Union and EFTA (and about a dozen other, less far-reaching trade arrangements in different parts of the world), would now have to be added the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) involving Canada, Mexico and the United States. In addition, a whole series of more extensive regional free-trade agreements were concluded: in Latin America (Mercosur, the Andean Pact, the Central American Common Market, the Caribbean Community and Common Market), in SouthEast Asia (Asian Free Trade Association) and in the Pacific rim including the United States and Canada (Asia

in Destination Europe
Open Access (free)
John Marriott

transformation in missionary activity signalled first in the Caribbean and then in India has to be linked to the transition from the first to the second British empires at the end of the eighteenth century. 61 During this period the emphasis of colonial policy turned from securing British settlement to the governance of indigenous populations. When John Wesley and George Whitfield established evangelical missions in America it was to help

in The other empire
Imaginaries, power, connected worlds
Jeremy C.A. Smith

on immigration to receive migrants from Asian and Pacific states and the Caribbean and Latin America. Labour and refugee migrations make up much of the rest of Hoerder’s picture as it emerged before the end of the millennium. If modern colonialism propelled experiences of migration, so also did pilgrimage. The first-​millennium expansion of the world religions laid down many of the paths of pilgrimage (Therborn, 2011:  37–​42). The practice of leaving a home community in response to a spiritual calling, with the expectation of returning, travelling often great

in Debating civilisations
Open Access (free)
Joe Turner

million to build extra prisons in Jamaica for deported ‘criminals’ (BBC 2015), just as hundreds of people with distant links to the Caribbean are set on flights and abandoned in cities such as Kingston. The British state uses the structural linkages of empire to refashion and extend the carceral state overseas and to expel and contain its ‘problematic’ internal colonies (de Noronha 2016). The racialised structures of criminal justice meet up in insidious and authoritarian ways with the renewed practices of deprivation and deportation (Home Office 2014b). It is important

in Bordering intimacy